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September 11, 2001 attacks

National Park Service 9-11 Statue of Liberty and WTC fire.jpg

The September 11th attacks (often referred to as nine-eleven, written 9/11) were a series of coordinated suicide attacks by al-Qaeda upon the United States on September 11, 2001. On that morning, 19 al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four commercial passenger jet airliners. The hijackers intentionally crashed two of the airliners into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, instantly killing everyone on board and a number of others working in and around the buildings. Because of structural damage caused by the collisions and the ensuing fires, both buildings collapsed within two hours, destroying nearby buildings and damaging others. This subsequently resulted in the death of more than 2,600 people- those trapped inside, others trying to escape, and the rescue workers, such as the fire fighters and police officers, rushing to their aid. A third hijacked airplane flew into the Pentagon killing hundreds of more people. The fourth plane was crashed into a field (grassland) near Shanksville in rural Somerset County, Pennsylvania as some of its passengers and flight crew fought to retake control of the plane which hijackers had redirected toward Washington, D.C. The passengers of Flight 93 reportedly made the decision to forcibly regain control from the terrorists after cell phone calls to loved ones. During those conversations, the hostages learned of the prior attacks of the day. There were no survivors from any of the flights. In addition to the 19 suicide hijackers, 2,975 people were killed as a direct result of the terrorist attacks. Another 24 were missing and presumed dead, while untold thousands were injured or disabled. September 11th or 9/11 is widely acknowledged as a landmark in the historical calendar.

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Flight 11 flight path

American Airlines Flight 11 was a scheduled U.S. domestic passenger flight from Logan International Airport in Boston, Massachusetts, to Los Angeles International Airport. It was hijacked by five Islamic terrorists and deliberately crashed into the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City as part of the September 11, 2001, attacks. Fifteen minutes into the flight, the hijackers injured at least three people, forcefully breached the cockpit, and overpowered the pilot and first officer. Mohamed Atta, who was a known member of al-Qaeda and a trained pilot, took over the controls. Air traffic controllers noticed the flight was in distress when the crew stopped responding to them. They realized the flight had been hijacked when Atta mistakenly transmitted announcements to air traffic control. On board, two flight attendants (Amy Sweeney and Betty Ong) contacted American Airlines, and provided information about the hijackers and injuries to passengers and crew.

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