family is the world's highest-selling group of video game systems
. Sony Computer Entertainment
released the PlayStation
in 1994, followed by the PlayStation 2
in 2000, PlayStation Portable
in 2004, PlayStation 3
in 2006,PlayStation Vita
in 2011 and PlayStation 4
Sony's first foray into the video game market, the PlayStation (codenamed PSX during development, now known as PSone), was initially designed as an add-on for Nintendo's Super Nintendo Entertainment System (Super Famicom) video game console as an answer to Sega's Sega CD. When the prospect of releasing the system as an add-on dissolved, Sony transformed it into the standalone PlayStation video game console.
Sony's follow-up console, the PlayStation 2 (PS2), currently the world's best-selling console in history, was released in Japan on March 4, 2000 and in North America on October 26, 2000.
The PSP or PlayStation Portable is a handheld game console made by Sony Computer Entertainment; a first foray into the handheld gaming market which was previously dominated by Nintendo. Though it has not had as much as of an impact as the PlayStation home consoles, the PSP is noted as being the most successful competitor to Nintendo's handheld range yet.
The newest console in the PlayStation series is Sony's entry in the seventh generation of consoles, the PlayStation 3 (PS3), which launched in November 2006. It uses a unique processing architecture called the Cell microprocessor, a technology jointly developed by Sony, Toshiba, and IBM. The graphics processing unit, the RSX 'Reality Synthesizer', was co-developed by NVIDIA and Sony. It is currently ahead of its competitor the Xbox 360 and behind the Wii in terms of sales.
Ken Kutaragi (久夛良木 健 Kutaragi Ken, born August 8, 1950) is the former Chairman and chief executive officer of Sony Computer Entertainment (SCEI), the video game division of Sony Corporation. He is known as "The Father of the PlayStation", and its successors and spinoffs, including the PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable, and the PlayStation 3. Kutaragi was closely watched by financial analysts who trace profiles of the losses and profits of the Sony Corporation. This has been attributed to the PlayStation franchise's high profit returns for Sony; it has been the key source of profit for the aforementioned parent corporation. When Nintendo expressed the need for a wavetable sound chip for its upcoming new 16-bit system, Kutaragi immediately accepted. Working in secret, he designed and built the chip, the SPC700. When they found out, Sony's executives were furious. Only with Sony CEO Norio Ohga's help was Kutaragi able to push the project to completion and keep his job. Even while working with Nintendo, within Sony gaming was still regarded as a fad and something looked down upon. Despite this hostile atmosphere to video games, Kutaragi managed to persuade Sony to fund his research into the Super NES CD (the device that would eventually become the PlayStation). Despite being considered a risky gamble by other Sony executives, Kutaragi once again had the support of Sony CEO Norio Ohga. The success of the Playstation led to him heading up the development of more consoles like the PlayStation 2, the most successful games console in history and the latest console in the series, the PlayStation 3.
The DualShock was the third first-party gamepad for the original PlayStation and the second to feature analog joysticks.
Ratchet & Clank: Up Your Arsenal (Ratchet & Clank 3 in Europe) is a platform game developed by Insomniac Games and published by Sony. It is the third installment in the Ratchet and Clank series. It was released in North America on November 2, 2004 and was met with critical acclaim, earning an average review score of 91% at Metacritic. Shortly after it was released in Japan on November 26, the first volume of the Ratchet and Clank manga, drawn by Shinbo Nomura, was released. The gameplay is similar to previous games in the series but introduces new features such as a refined control system, a larger amount of weapons and a deeper upgrade system. It follows Ratchet and Clank's adventure through a fictional universe to defeat a robotic villain, Dr. Nefarious, who intends to destroy all organic life. Characters such as Dr. Nefarious and Sasha, a Cazar starship captain who helps Ratchet throughout the game, are introduced and a number of characters return from Ratchet & Clank: Going Commando.
- ...that Warhawk's single-player mode was scrapped because the game's developers decided it was vastly inferior to the multi-player mode?
- ...that the PSX, a media center that is based on the PS2, was only released in Japan?
- ...that the PlayStation 2 had the biggest launch in Japanese history, selling more than 980,000 units in four hours?
- ...that the PlayStation might have never been made if Nintendo had not offered to partner with Sony on a video game console?
- ...that the PlayStation was rejected because Nintendo refused to partner with Sony as it could not decide on how to share its revenues
- ...that the PlayStation 3 has sold 200,000 more units worldwide than its competitor Xbox 360?
At a presentation in New York, Sony announced the new PlayStation 4 console. It is due to be released towards the end of 2013. A look inside the Playstation 4 can be viewed here: http://us.playstation.com/ps4/