From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Spaceflight Portal
is the movement of Spaceflight spacecraft into and through outer space, primarily using rocket technology for propulsion. Spaceflight is used in , the endeavour to reach, explore, and exploit the space outside the space exploration Earth's atmosphere, and also in commercial activities like space tourism and satellite telecommunications. It is generally based on the use of rockets to transport machines, animals, and humans to, and subsequently through, space. Additional non-commercial uses of spaceflight include space observatories, reconnaissance satellites and other earth observation satellites. Objects launched into space may follow a sub-orbital trajectory and return to Earth immediately, stay in orbit around Earth, travel in the space between the planets, or aim to leave the space dominated by the Sun completely.
is the temporary name of an
manned spacecraft in development. The capsule will be designed to carry three people, and a planned upgraded version will be equipped with a rendezvous and docking capability. In its maiden manned mission,
's largely autonomous 3-ton capsule will orbit the Earth at 248 miles (400 km) in altitude for up to seven days with a two-person crew on board. The crew vehicle would launch atop of ISRO's
GSLV Mk II
, currently under development. It will be equipped with emergency mission abort and emergency escape that can be done at the first stage and second stage of the rocket. In spring 2009 the full-scale mock-up of crew capsule of OV was built and delivered to
Satish Dhawan Space Centre
for training of Indian astronauts. The OV is scheduled to be launched with astronauts into space around 2015.
Joseph Francis Shea
(September 5, 1925 – February 14, 1999) was an
American aerospace engineer
manager. Born in the
New York City borough
, he was educated at the
University of Michigan
, receiving a
in 1955. After working for
on the radio
inertial guidance system
Titan I intercontinental ballistic missile
, he was hired by NASA in 1961. As Deputy Director of NASA's Office of Manned Space Flight, and later as head of the Apollo Spacecraft Program Office, Shea played a key role in shaping the course of the
, helping to lead NASA to the decision in favor of
lunar orbit rendezvous
and supporting "all up" testing of the
rocket. While sometimes causing controversy within the agency, Shea was remembered by his former colleague
as "one of the greatest
of our time".
Deeply involved in the investigation of the 1967
Apollo 1 fire, Shea suffered a nervous breakdown as a result of the stress that he suffered. He was removed from his position and left NASA shortly afterwards. From 1968 until 1990 he worked as a senior manager at Raytheon in Lexington, Massachusetts, and thereafter became an adjunct professor of aeronautics and astronautics at MIT. While Shea served as a consultant for NASA on the redesign of the International Space Station in 1993, he was forced to resign from the position due to health issues.
South Korean launch system Naro-1, which made its first flight on 25 August 2009, is based on the Russian Angara (pictured)?
Voskhod spacecraft was so cramped that the crew of were unable to wear spacesuits? Voskhod 1 …that the
first words from the surface of the Moon were "Contact light, okay, engine stop", spoken by Buzz Aldrin?
sister projects provide more on this subject: