The war in Europe, and the resulting absolutist restoration ultimately convinced the Spanish Americans of the need to establish independence from the mother country, so various revolutions broke out in Spanish America. Moreover, the process of Latin American independence took place in the general political and intellectual climate that emerged from the Age of Enlightenment and that influenced all of the so-called Atlantic Revolutions, including the earlier revolutions in the United States and France. Nevertheless, the wars in, and the independence of, Spanish America were the result of unique developments within the Spanish Monarchy.
Saavedra was the first commanding officer of the Regiment of Patricians created after the ill-fated British invasions of the Río de la Plata. The increased militarization of the city and the relaxation of the system of castas allowed him, as other criollo peoples, to become a prominent figure in local politics. His intervention was decisive to thwarth the Mutiny of Álzaga and allow Viceroy Santiago de Liniers to stay in power. Although he supported the establishment of a government Junta, as others created in Spain during the contemporary Peninsular War, he desired that criollos had an important role in it (the mutiny of Álzaga was promoted by peninsulars). He advised against rushed actions as well, and as his Regiment was crucial in any action against the viceroy, he denied his help until it was a good strategic moment to do so. The opportunity came in May, 1810, and the May Revolution successfully ousted the viceroy.
San José, San Lorenzo, Suipacha. Both Piedras, Salta and Tucumán, Colonia and the very walls of the tyrant in the Banda Oriental, are eternal banners that say: "Here the Argentine arm found triumph, here the fierce oppressor of the Fatherland his proud neck bent"
(Spanish: San José, San Lorenzo, Suipacha. Ambas Piedras, Salta y Tucumán, la colonia y las mismas murallas del tirano en la Banda Oriental, son letreros eternos que dicen: "aquí el brazo argentino triunfó. Aquí el fiero opresor de la Patria su cerviz orgullosa dobló.)