The war in Europe, and the resulting absolutist restoration ultimately convinced the Spanish Americans of the need to establish independence from the mother country, so various revolutions broke out in Spanish America. Moreover, the process of Latin American independence took place in the general political and intellectual climate that emerged from the Age of Enlightenment and that influenced all of the so-called Atlantic Revolutions, including the earlier revolutions in the United States and France. Nevertheless, the wars in, and the independence of, Spanish America were the result of unique developments within the Spanish Monarchy.
Manuel Belgrano (3 June 1770 – 20 June 1820) was an Argentine economist, lawyer, politician, and military leader. He promoted the May Revolution to depose viceroy Cisneros, and was appointed to the Primera Junta. He waged the ill-fated Paraguay campaign and the second campaign to the Upper Peru. He created the flag of Argentina, and his victories at Tucumán and Salta prevented the royalist capture of Buenos Aires.
Imprudent man [Ferdinand VII], what do you discover in your person that makes you superior to us? Which would be your empire, if we hadn't give it to you? Have we released our powers on you so that you can use them for our misfortune?
(Spanish: Hombre imprudente, qué descubres en tu persona que te haga superior a las nuestras? ¿Cuál sería tu imperio, si no te lo hubiésemos dado nosotros? ¿Acaso hemos depositado en ti nuestros poderes para que los emplees en nuestra desgracia?)