Portal:Spanish American wars of independence

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Spanish American wars of independence

Bolivar Arturo Michelena.jpg
Ejercito Libertador cruce de Cordillera de los andes.jpg

The Spanish American wars of independence were the numerous wars against Spanish rule in Spanish America that took place during the early 19th century, from 1808 until 1829, directly related to the Napoleonic French invasion of Spain. The conflict started with short-lived governing juntas established in Chuquisaca and Quito opposing the composition of the Supreme Central Junta of Seville. When the Central Junta fell to the French, numerous new Juntas appeared all across the Americas, eventually resulting in a chain of newly independent countries stretching from Argentina and Chile in the south, to Mexico in the north. After the death of the king Fernando VII, in 1833, only Cuba and Puerto Rico remained under Spanish rule, until the Spanish–American War in 1898.

These conflicts can be characterized both as civil wars and wars of national liberation, since the majority of the combatants were Spanish Americans on both sides, and the goal of the conflict for one side was the independence of the Spanish colonies in the Americas. In addition, the wars were related to the more general Latin American wars of independence, which include the conflicts in Haiti and Brazil.

The war in Europe, and the resulting absolutist restoration ultimately convinced the Spanish Americans of the need to establish independence from the mother country, so various revolutions broke out in Spanish America. Moreover, the process of Latin American independence took place in the general political and intellectual climate that emerged from the Age of Enlightenment and that influenced all of the so-called Atlantic Revolutions, including the earlier revolutions in the United States and France. Nevertheless, the wars in, and the independence of, Spanish America were the result of unique developments within the Spanish Monarchy.

Show new selections

Selected event

El pueblo quiere saber de qué se trata.jpg
The May Revolution (Spanish: Revolución de Mayo) was a week-long series of events that took place from May 18 to May 25, 1810, in Buenos Aires, capital of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, a colony of the Spanish Empire which included the present-day nations of Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay. The result was the ousting of Viceroy Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros and the establishment of a local government, the Primera Junta (First Junta), on May 25. These events are commemorated in Argentina as "May Week" (Spanish: Semana de Mayo).
Read more...

Selected biography

Santander by Acevedo Bernal.jpg
Francisco José de Paula Santander y Omaña (2 April 1792 – 6 May 1840), was one of the military and political leaders during Colombia's (then known as New Granada) independence war (1810-1819). He was President of the Republic of the Nueva Granada (1819-1826). Santander became to be known as The Man of the Laws
Read more…

Selected quote

Run from the country where a single man rules all powers: it is a country of slaves
Simón Bolívar (1783-1830)

(Spanish: Huid del país donde uno solo ejerce todos los poderes: es un país de esclavos)

In this month

Categories

Selected picture

Epopeya de Chile de Pedro Subercaseaux.jpg

Epopeya de Chile (Spanish: The Epic of Chile), 1904 portrait by Pedro Subercaseaux.

Read more...

Did you know?

...that one of the causes of the May Revolution could have been that Napoleon crowned his own brother Joseph Bonaparte as the new Spanish King?
Other "Did you know" facts... Read more...

WikiProjects

Things to do

Attention needed
...to referencing and citation  • ...to coverage and accuracy  • ...to structure  • ...to grammar  • ...to supporting materials 
Popular pages
Full list
Cleanup needed  
Add an article here!
Requested articles 
Battle of CorrientesBattle of Rio Grande do SulAssociation of Farmers and Ranchers of the Middle MagdalenaCacapolTucayana Amazonas
Expansion needed  
Battle of Las QuasimasBattle of Arroyo GrandeWar of the Republiquetas
Images needed  
Add an article here!
Merging needed  
Add an article here!
Citations needed  
Battle of TacuaríRebellion of Túpac Amaru II
Translation needed 
de:Salpeterkrieges:Guerra del Pacíficofr:Guerre du Pacifique (1879-1884)

Related portals

The following areas of Latin America have their own portal:
Map-Latin America2.png
Flag of Argentina.svg
Flag of Venezuela.svg
Flag of Colombia.svg
Flag of Bolivia.svg
Flag of Ecuador.svg
Latin America Featured article Argentina Venezuela Colombia Bolivia Ecuador
Flag of Chile.svg
Flag of Mexico.svg
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Flag of Peru.svg
Swords.svg
Chile Mexico Uruguay Peru Featured article War Featured article