Portal:Sufism

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The Sufism Portal

An outside view of the Sufi Shrine at Ajmer Shareef,India

Sufism is a mystic tradition that found a home in Islam encompassing a diverse range of beliefs and practices dedicated to Allah/God, divine love and sometimes to help a fellow man. Tariqas (Sufi orders) may be associated with Sunni Islam, other currents of Islam, or a combination of multiple traditions. It has been suggested that Sufi thought emerged from the Middle East in the eighth century, but adherents are now found around the world. Sufism is neither a new religion nor a cult, neither a doctrine nor a dogmatic institution. Perhaps one could say that Sufism is the same religion of the heart that has always been, ever since wisdom was wisdom. Esoteric schools can be traced as far back as the time of Abraham, and even earlier.

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Sufism or taṣawwuf (Arabic: تصوّف‎) is defined by its adherents as the inner, mystical dimension of Islam. A practitioner of this tradition is generally known as a ṣūfī (صُوفِيّ). They belong to different ṭuruq or "orders"—congregations formed around a master—which meet for spiritual sessions (majalis), in meeting places known as zawiyahs, Khanqahs, or tekke. Sufi turuq/orders may trace many of their original precepts from the Islamic Prophet Muhammad through his cousin and son-in-law 'Alī, with the notable exception of the Naqshbandi who trace their origins through the first Caliph, Abu Bakr.[5] Prominent orders include Ba 'Alawiyya, Chishti, Khalwati, Naqshbandi, Nimatullahi, Oveyssi, Qadiria Boutshishia, Qadiriyyah, Qalandariyya, Sarwari Qadiri, Shadhiliyya and Suhrawardiyya. .

Selected biography

Islamic scholar
Ahmed Raza Khan
Title Mujaddid, ala Hazrat
Born 14 June 1856[1]
Died 1921 (aged 64–65)
Ethnicity Indian
Era Modern era
Region South Asia
Jurisprudence Hanafi
Creed Sunni
Main interest(s) Aqeedah, Fiqh, Tasawwuf

Ahmed Raza Khan Fazil-e-Barelvi (Urdu: احمد رضاخان‎, Hindi: अहमद रज़ा खान) (1856–1921 CE), popularly known as ala Hazrat, was a Sunni Hanafi scholar who founded the Barelvi movement of South Asia.[2][3][4] Raza Khan wrote on numerous topics, including law, religion, philosophy and the sciences. He was a prolific writer, producing nearly 1,000 works in his lifetime.[3]


Did you know...

DYK question mark
  • ...that a major population in South Asia, Central Asia, Southern Russia and Indonesia became Muslim solely due to the missionary work of Sufi tariqas.
  • ....murraqba and zikr e qalbi are some of the practices of Sufism.
  • ....Discussing the characteristics of Tassawuf and Sufis, Hazrat Ali Hujwari supports what Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi says about these qualities. Hazrat Junaid attributes the following eight exemplary qualities of a Sufi. A true Sufi possesses:
  • The courage and magnanimity of Prophet Ibrahim.
  • The obedience of Prophet Ismail.
  • The patience and forbearance of Prophet Ayub.
  • The signs of Prophet Zakaria.
  • The poverty of Prophet Yahya.
  • The traveling nature of Prophet Isa (Jesus).
  • The simplicity of dress of Prophet Muss (Moses).
  • The Fuqr (contentment and renunciation) of Prophet Mohammed.
  • In the Holy Quran LA ILLAHA ILLAL LA HO WAHDAHO LASHARIQA LAHO Allah revealed:

Behold! Verily on the friends Of Allah (GOD) there is no fear, nor shall they grieve; those who believe and (Constantly) guard against evil. For them is Glad Tiding, in the life of the Present, And in the Hereafter: No change can there be in the Words of Allah (GOD). This is indeed the supreme Felicity. [10:62]

  • In another words Allah TA'ALA have revealed in the Holy Quran:-

None one can be its guardian except Al-Muttagun (The pious, Saints) But most of them know not. [8:34]

  • Allah TA'ALA declares that:

Verily, he who has purified the Nafs has attained victory, and he who has despoiled it has lost.

  • Allah TA'ALA also states that:

That day of Qiyamat (the day of doom) neither wealth nor sons will benefit anyone, but that person who comes to Allah with a reformed hearts.

Sufism topics

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South Asian consider Dargah Ajmer Shareef as their prime center of Islam in South Asia

Dargah of prominent sufi saint Hazrat Moinuddin Chishti Ajmer India

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Quotes

"I am Hassani and my abode is my cell,
And my feet are on the neck of each Saint.
Abdul Qadir is my famous name.
And my ancestor is one possessed of an insight Perfect."
- Qaseedat-tul-Ghawthia

Related portals

Barelvi movement

Barelvi movement

Sunni Barelvis consider Dargah Ajmer Shareef as their prime center of Islam in South Asia
Central figures

Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi
Hamid Raza Khan

Organizations

Jamaat Ahle Sunnat, Pakistan
Sunni Tehreek, Pakistan
Sunni Ittehad Council, Pakistan
Dawat-e-Islami, International
Sunni Dawat-e-Islami, International

Institutions

Al Jamiatul Ashrafia · Manzar-e-Islam
Al-Jame-atul-Islamia · Jamiatur Raza

Notable Scholars

Ameen Mian Qaudri, India
Sarfraz Ahmed Naeemi, Pakistan
Muhammad Ilyas Qadri, Pakistan
Akhtar Raza, India
Qamaruzzaman Azmi, United Kingdom
Muhammad Muslehuddin Siddiqui, Pakistan
Arshadul Qaudri, India

Literature

Kanzul Iman, translation of the Qur'an

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  1. ^ Hayat-e-ala Hadhrat, vol.1 p.1
  2. ^ See:
  3. ^ a b Usha Sanyal. Generational Changes in the Leadership of the Ahl-e Sunnat Movement in North India during the Twentieth Century. Modern Asian Studies (1998), Cambridge University Press.
  4. ^ Ali Riaz, Faithful Education: Madrassahs in South Asia, pg. 75. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2008. ISBN 9780813543451