Portal:Suriname

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Suriname

Flag of Suriname
Coat of Arms for Suriname
Map of Suriname.

Suriname (Dutch: Suriname; Sranan Tongo: Sranan), officially the Republic of Suriname is a country in northern South America. Originally, the country was spelled Surinam by English settlers who founded the first colony at Marshall's Creek, along the Suriname River, and was formerly known as Nederlands Guyana, Netherlands Guiana or Dutch Guiana. Suriname is situated between French Guiana to the east and Guyana to the west. The southern border is shared with Brazil and the northern border is the Atlantic coast. The southernmost border with French Guiana is disputed along the Marowijne river; while a part of the disputed maritime boundary with Guyana was arbitrated by the United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea on September 20, 2007.

Suriname is the smallest sovereign state in terms of area and population in South America. The country is one of the only Dutch-speaking regions in the Western Hemisphere which is not a part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Suriname also has the highest percentage of Muslims in both North and South America. Suriname's geographical size is just under 165,000 km², and has an estimated population of about 470,000 people.

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Cathartes melambrotus flight.svg
The Greater Yellow-headed Vulture, Cathartes melambrotus, also known as the Forest Vulture, is a species of bird in the New World Vulture family Cathartidae. It was considered to be the same species as the Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture until they were split in 1964. It is found in South America in tropical moist lowland forests. It is a large bird, with a wingspan of 166-178 centimeters (65-70 inches). The body plumage is black, and the head and neck, which are featherless, range in color from deep yellow to pale orange. It lacks a syrinx, and its vocalizations are therefore limited to grunts or low hisses.

The Greater Yellow-headed Vulture feeds on carrion and locates carcasses by sight and by smell, an ability which is rare in birds. It is dependent on larger vultures, such as the King Vulture, to open the hides of larger animal carcasses, as its bill is not strong enough to do this. Like other New World Vultures, the Greater Yellow-headed Vulture utilizes thermals to stay aloft with minimal effort. It lays its eggs on flat surfaces, such as the floors of caves, or in the hollows of stumps. It feeds its young by regurgitation.

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Desi Bouterse.jpg

Desiré Delano Bouterse[1] (born October 13, 1945) has been a military sports instructor, coup leader, army leader and President of Suriname.

Bouterse's name is closely bound with the military regime that controlled Suriname from 1980 until the beginning of the 1990s. On February 25, 1980, the government of newly-independent Suriname underwent a military coup and Bouterse became Chairman of the National Military Council. Though the Suriname Presidency was retained, Bouterse was the nation's de facto ruler until his resignation in 1988. Bouterse is the leader of the National Democratic Party (NDP). On July 19, 2010, he was elected as President of Suriname with 36 of 50 parliament votes.

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John Greenwood - Sea Captains Carousing in Surinam.jpg
Sea Captains Carousing in Surinam
by John Greenwood

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