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Flag of Suriname
Coat of Arms for Suriname
Map of Suriname.

Suriname (Dutch: Suriname; Sranan Tongo: Sranan), officially the Republic of Suriname is a country in northern South America. Originally, the country was spelled Surinam by English settlers who founded the first colony at Marshall's Creek, along the Suriname River, and was formerly known as Nederlands Guyana, Netherlands Guiana or Dutch Guiana. Suriname is situated between French Guiana to the east and Guyana to the west. The southern border is shared with Brazil and the northern border is the Atlantic coast. The southernmost border with French Guiana is disputed along the Marowijne river; while a part of the disputed maritime boundary with Guyana was arbitrated by the United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea on September 20, 2007.

Suriname is the smallest sovereign state in terms of area and population in South America. The country is one of the only Dutch-speaking regions in the Western Hemisphere which is not a part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Suriname also has the highest percentage of Muslims in both North and South America. Suriname's geographical size is just under 165,000 km², and has an estimated population of about 470,000 people.

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Lachesis muta muta.jpg
Lachesis muta is a venomous pitviper species found in South America. Two subspecies are currently recognized.

Adults grow to an average of 2 to 2.5 m, although 3 m is not too unusual. The largest recorded specimen was almost 3.65 m long, making this the largest of all pit vipers and the longest venomous snake in the western hemisphere.

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Cynthia Henri Mc Leod (b. 4 October 1936 in Paramaribo) is a Surinamese novelist.

Mc Leod was born in Paramaribo as Cynthia Ferrier; she is the daughter of Johan Ferrier, the first President of Suriname.

She completed her secondary school education in Suriname and continued her education in the Netherlands, where she studied to become a teacher in Child Care and Education. She married Drs. Donald Mc Leod whom she met in the Netherlands. In 1962 they went to Suriname, where Mc Leod studied for a teaching degree in Dutch Language and Dutch Literature. From 1969 to 1978 she taught Dutch Language and Literature in pre-university education in Paramaribo. Her husband, Donald Mc Leod, was appointed in 1978 as Suriname’s Ambassador to Venezuela. Then he became Suriname’s Ambassador to Belgium and the United States of America. Abroad Mc Leod started writing and especially during her stay in Belgium she had the opportunity to do research in the archives of The Hague, Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Emmerich, and Köln.

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