The sustainable development portal
|Scheme of sustainable development:
at the confluence of three preoccupations. Clickable.
Sustainable development has been defined as balancing the fulfillment of human needs with the protection of the natural environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but in the indefinite future. The term was used by the Brundtland Commission which coined what has become the most often-quoted definition of sustainable development as development that "meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs."
The field of sustainable development can be conceptually divided into four general dimensions: social, economic, environmental and institutional. The first three dimensions address key principles of sustainability, while the final dimension addresses key institutional policy and capacity issues.
Fair trade is an organized social movement and market-based approach to alleviating global poverty and promoting sustainability. The movement promotes the payment of a fair price as well as social and environmental standards in areas related to the production of a wide variety of goods. It focuses in particular on exports from developing countries to developed countries, most notably handicrafts, coffee, cocoa, sugar, tea, bananas, honey, cotton, wine, fresh fruit, and so on.
Fair trade's strategic intent is to deliberately work with marginalised producers and workers in order to help them move from a position of vulnerability to security and economic self-sufficiency. It also aims at empowering them to become stakeholders in their own organizations and actively play a wider role in the global arena to achieve greater equity in international trade.
Fair trade proponents include a wide array of international religious, development aid, social and environmental organizations such as Oxfam, Amnesty International, and Caritas International.
The African Development Bank
(ADB) is a development bank
established in 1964
with the intention of promoting economic and social development in Africa
. It is a conglomeration of the African Development Bank (ADB), the African Development Fund (ADF), and the Nigeria Trust Fund (NTF). It has placed an emphasis over the years on the role of women, education and structural reforms, and lent its support to key initiatives such as debt alleviation for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries
(HIPC's) and the New Partnership for Africa's Development
(NEPAD). It currently has 77 members: 53 countries in Africa and 24 American, European, and Asian countries.
The ADB has four principal functions. The first is to make loans and equity investments for the economic and social advancement of the RMCs. Second, it is to provide technical assistance for the preparation and execution of development projects and programs. Third, the ADB is to promote investment of public and private capital for development purposes. Lastly, the ADB is to assist in coordinating development policies and plans of RMCs. The ADB is also required to give special attention to national and multinational projects and programs which promote regional integration.
Jeffrey David Sachs
(born November 5, 1954, in Detroit, Michigan
) is an American economist
known for his work as an economic advisor to governments in Latin America
, Eastern Europe
, the former Yugoslavia
, the former Soviet Union
, Asia, and Africa. He is currently a professor and director of the Earth Institute
at Columbia University
. He is also Special Advisor to United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
. From 2002 to 2006, he was Special Advisor to United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan
and Director of the UN Millennium Project
. He proposed shock therapy
(though he himself hates the term) as a solution to the economic crises of Bolivia
, and Russia
. He is also known for his work with international agencies on problems of poverty reduction, debt cancellation, and disease control—especially HIV/AIDS
, for the developing world. He is the only academic to have been repeatedly ranked among the world's most influential people
by Time magazine
. He has been appointed the 2007 lecturer for the BBC Reith Lectures
- ...that global warming (pictured) of the average air temperature rose 0.74 ± 0.18 °C (1.3 ± 0.32 °F) during the past century?
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