The London congestion charge is a fee charged on most motor vehicles operating within the Congestion Charge Zone (CCZ) in central London between 07:00 and 18:00 (Monday-Friday only). The charge, which was introduced on 17 February 2003, remains one of the largest congestion charge zones in the world despite the cancellation of the Western Extension which operated between February 2007 and January 2011. The charge aims to reduce congestion, and to raise investment funds for London's transport system.
The standard charge is £10 for each day, for each non-exempt vehicle that travels within the zone with a penalty of between £60 and £187 levied for non-payment. Enforcement is primarily based on automatic number plate recognition (ANPR). Transport for London (TfL) is responsible for the charge which has been operated by IBM since 1 November 2009.
The Moscow Metro in Moscow, Russia, is the world's most heavily used metro system. It is well known for the ornate design of many of the stations (such as Kievskaya Station, pictured), containing stunningly beautiful examples of socialist realist art. In total, the Moscow Metro has 277.9 km of route length, 12 lines and 171 stations. Although passenger traffic is considerably lower on weekends, on a normal weekday the Metro carries 10.05 million passengers, bringing the average daily passenger traffic per year to 8,745 million passengers per day. Moscow Metro is a state-owned enterprise.