Portal:Tunisia

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Tunisia Portal
Tunisia Portal - بوّابة تونس - Portail de la Tunisie
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Tunisia

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Coat of Arms for Tunisia
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Tunisia (Arabic: تونس‎ Tūnis, French: Tunisie), officially the Tunisian Republic (الجمهورية التونسية‎; Berber: Tagduda n Tunes; French: République Tunisienne), is a country situated on the Mediterranean coast of North Africa. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and Libya to the southeast. It is the northernmost African country and the smallest of the nations situated along the Atlas mountain range. Around forty percent of the country is composed of the Sahara desert, with much of the remainder consisting of particularly fertile soil, and a 1300 km coastline.

Tunisia was a major civilization crossing through history; different cultures, civilizations and multiple successive dynasties contributed to the culture of the country over centuries with a varying degrees of influence. Among these cultures were the Punic, Roman, Jewish, Christian, Arab, Islamic, Turkish, and French, in addition to native Berbers. This unique mixture of cultures made Tunisia, with its strategic geographical location in the Mediterranean, the core of some great civilizations of Mare Nostrum first with the famous Phoenician city of Carthage, and later, as the Africa Province, which became known as the bread basket of the Roman Empire.

The history of Tunisia reveals this rich past where different successive Mediterranean cultures had a strong presence. After the Carthaginian Empire, the Roman Empire came and left a lasting effect on the land with various monuments and cities such the El-Jem Amphitheater and the archaeological site of the ancient city of Carthage, which is classified as a world heritage site. El Jem is just one of seven world heritage sites found in Tunisia.

When it comes to economic competitiveness, Tunisia ranks high even compared to some developed economies such as Portugal, Italy or Greece.

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In the news

Selected biography

Bourguiba photo officielle.jpg
Habib Bourguiba (Arabic: حبيب بورقيبة Ḥabīb Būrqība) (August 3, 1903–April 6, 2000) was the first president of Tunisia and is regarded as the founder of the modern state of Tunisia. He served as president from July 25, 1957 to November 7, 1987. Bourguiba is considered the most influential personality in the modern history of Tunisia. His policies and reforms shaped and are still shaping the dynamics of Tunisian society. During his presidency, he underlined the importance of education and saw in it the key to modernity. Bourguiba also made an innovative difference within the Arab and Islamic world concerning women rights. He pushed toward prohibiting polygamy and legalized divorce. He also raised the age at which girls could marry to 17 years of age. All of these proposals were adopted in the revolutionary Code of Personal Status of August 1956. The new code gave women historical rights and protection in a way changed and transformed Tunisian society in whole. When it comes to diplomacy, he was known for his controversial views on world policies, especially middle-east conflicts and mainly the Palestinian cause. (more...)

Did you know?

Youssef Dey Mosque Minaret
  • ...that 6.4% of the Tunisian GDP is invested in education.
  • ...that Tunisia is ranked 11 globally in terms of quality of the education system.
  • ...that 164 columns in the Zaytuna Mosque were originally taken from the site of Carthage.
  • ...that Youssef Dey mosque was the first mosque to be built in Tunis under the Hanafi school. Its minaret (pictured) was also the first to have an octagonal shape in the capital.
  • ...that the Tunisian boxer Young Perez, killed on January 22nd 1945 in Gliwice, was the world champion in flyweight between 1931 and 1932.
  • ...that in 1930, Tahar Haddad published his book Our Women in the Sharia and Society in which he explained his reform program for the Tunisian society emphasizing on women liberation and rights. At the same time, he argued that Islam basically views that men and women are equal in rights and duties.
  • ...that the 1996' movie The English Patient was filmed in south-west Tunisia. The movie won later nine-academy awards, including Best Picture.

Selected picture

El-djem.jpg

El Djem Amphitheater (often incorrectly called "a coliseum") is one of the seven World Heritage Sites found in Tunisia (since 1979). The Amphitheater is capable of seating 35,000 spectators. Only Rome's Colosseum (about 45,000 spectators) and the ruined theater of Capua are larger. The amphitheater at El-Djem was built by the Romans under proconsul Gordian, who was acclaimed Emperor at Thysdrus, around 238 and was probably mainly used for gladiator shows and chariot races (like in Ben-Hur). It is also possible that construction of the amphitheater was never finished.


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