Portal:Tunisia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tunisia Portal
Tunisia Portal - بوّابة تونس - Portail de la Tunisie
Shortcuts:



Tunisia

Flag of Tunisia
Coat of Arms for Tunisia
Location

Tunisia (Arabic: تونس‎ Tūnis, French: Tunisie), officially the Tunisian Republic (الجمهورية التونسية‎; Berber: Tagduda n Tunes; French: République Tunisienne), is a country situated on the Mediterranean coast of North Africa. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and Libya to the southeast. It is the northernmost African country and the smallest of the nations situated along the Atlas mountain range. Around forty percent of the country is composed of the Sahara desert, with much of the remainder consisting of particularly fertile soil, and a 1300 km coastline.

Tunisia was a major civilization crossing through history; different cultures, civilizations and multiple successive dynasties contributed to the culture of the country over centuries with a varying degrees of influence. Among these cultures were the Punic, Roman, Jewish, Christian, Arab, Islamic, Turkish, and French, in addition to native Berbers. This unique mixture of cultures made Tunisia, with its strategic geographical location in the Mediterranean, the core of some great civilizations of Mare Nostrum first with the famous Phoenician city of Carthage, and later, as the Africa Province, which became known as the bread basket of the Roman Empire.

The history of Tunisia reveals this rich past where different successive Mediterranean cultures had a strong presence. After the Carthaginian Empire, the Roman Empire came and left a lasting effect on the land with various monuments and cities such the El-Jem Amphitheater and the archaeological site of the ancient city of Carthage, which is classified as a world heritage site. El Jem is just one of seven world heritage sites found in Tunisia.

When it comes to economic competitiveness, Tunisia ranks high even compared to some developed economies such as Portugal, Italy or Greece.

View new selections below (purge)

In the news

Selected biography

Hannibal Slodtz Louvre MR2093.jpg

Hannibal, son of Hamilcar Barca (247–183 or 182 BC) was a Carthaginian military commander and tactician who is popularly credited as one of the most talented commanders in history. His father Hamilcar Barca was the leading Carthaginian commander during the First Punic War, his younger brothers were Mago and Hasdrubal, and he was brother-in-law to Hasdrubal the Fair. Hannibal lived during a period of tension in the Mediterranean, when Rome (then the Roman Republic) established its supremacy over other great powers such as Carthage, and the Hellenistic kingdoms of Macedon, Syracuse, and the Seleucid empire. One of his most famous achievements was at the outbreak of the Second Punic War, when he marched an army, which included war elephants, from Iberia over the Pyrenees and the Alps into northern Italy. (more...)

Did you know?

Youssef Dey Mosque Minaret
  • ...that 6.4% of the Tunisian GDP is invested in education.
  • ...that Tunisia is ranked 11 globally in terms of quality of the education system.
  • ...that 164 columns in the Zaytuna Mosque were originally taken from the site of Carthage.
  • ...that Youssef Dey mosque was the first mosque to be built in Tunis under the Hanafi school. Its minaret (pictured) was also the first to have an octagonal shape in the capital.
  • ...that the Tunisian boxer Young Perez, killed on January 22nd 1945 in Gliwice, was the world champion in flyweight between 1931 and 1932.
  • ...that in 1930, Tahar Haddad published his book Our Women in the Sharia and Society in which he explained his reform program for the Tunisian society emphasizing on women liberation and rights. At the same time, he argued that Islam basically views that men and women are equal in rights and duties.
  • ...that the 1996' movie The English Patient was filmed in south-west Tunisia. The movie won later nine-academy awards, including Best Picture.

Selected picture

Djerba, Synagoge La Ghriba Jan 2002 Innenansicht 5.jpg

The ancient El Ghriba Synagogue (Arabic: معبد الغريبة), also known as the Djerba Synagogue is the oldest synagogue in Africa and one of the oldest in the world. Moreover, it houses the world's oldest Sefer Torah. It is located on the Tunisian island of Djerba.


Categories

Topics

Related portals

WikiProjects

Things to do

Wikimedia

Purge server cache