From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The United States Marine Corps Portal
The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for providing force projection from the sea, using the mobility of the United States Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. It is one of seven uniformed services of the United States. In the civilian leadership structure of the United States military, the Marine Corps is a component of the United States Department of the Navy, often working closely with U.S. naval forces for training, transportation, and logistic purposes; however, in the military leadership structure the Marine Corps is a separate branch.
Captain Samuel Nicholas formed two battalions of Continental Marines on 10 November 1775 in Philadelphia as naval infantry. Since then, the mission of the Marine Corps has evolved with changing military doctrine and American foreign policy. The Marine Corps has served in every American armed conflict and attained prominence in the 20th century when its theories and practices of amphibious warfare proved prescient and ultimately formed the cornerstone of the Pacific campaign of World War II. By the mid-20th century, the Marine Corps had become the dominant theorist and practitioner of amphibious warfare. Its ability to rapidly respond on short notice to expeditionary crises gives it a strong role in the implementation and execution of American foreign policy.
The United States Marine Corps includes just over 203,000 active duty Marines (as of October 2009) and just under 40,000 reserve Marines. It is the smallest of the United States' armed forces in the Department of Defense (the United States Coast Guard is smaller, about one-fifth the size of the Marine Corps, but is normally under the Department of Homeland Security). The Marine Corps is nonetheless larger than the armed forces of many significant military powers; for example, it is larger than the active duty Israel Defense Forces, or the entire British Army.
United States Marine Corps lists
This month in USMC history
- On January 6, 1859, Commandant Archibald Henderson died while in office, being the longest-serving Commandant and earning the nickname "Grand old man of the Marine Corps".
- On January 15, 1943, Joe Foss shot down three A6M Zeros, bringing his kills to 26.
- In January 1968, the Tet Offensive of the Vietnam War was launched, and Marines fought in the battles of Khe Sanh and Huế.
- On January 1, 1991, Marines evacuated the United States embassy in Mogadishu, Somalia during Operation Eastern Exit.
- On January 29, 1991, Marines fought in the Battle of Khafji, the first ground engagement of the Gulf War.
New articles relating to the United States Marine Corps
Here are some things you can do to help expand our USMC content:
- Revert vandalism on this portal and on articles to do with the U.S. Marines.
The following Wikimedia
sister projects provide more on this subject: