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SS Kroonland was an ocean liner for International Mercantile Marine from 1902 until 1927. During World War I she served as United States Army transport USAT Kroonland through 1918, and then for the United States Navy as USS Kroonland (ID-1541) until 1919.
At the time of her 1902 launch in Philadelphia, Kroonland was the largest steamship ever built in the United States. Her maiden voyage took her from New York to Antwerp, a route she would sail for the next twelve years. She was recognized as the first ship to send a radio distress call in and was on the receiving end of the "first real broadcast of history." In 1913, Kroonland was one of ten ships to aid the burning SS Volturno in the mid-Atlantic. Despite stormy seas, Kroonland took aboard 89 of the 520 survivors, earning captain and crew accolades including U.S. Congressional Gold Medals.
The beginning of World War I saw Kroonland serving several different routes. In the Mediterranean in 1914, she was detained by the British and her cargo confiscated. In 1915, she became the largest passenger ship at the time to have transited the Panama Canal. She worked a New York – Panama Canal – San Francisco route until a landslide in the canal closed it for a time. Back in the transatlantic service, Kroonland became one of the first U.S. ships to be defensively armed against German submarines. In 1917, she was hit by a torpedo which didn't detonate and only caused slight damage.
Kroonland spent time as a U.S. Army transport, then in 1918, was then transferred to the U.S. Navy. In the national service, she made fourteen trips carrying nearly 38,000 troops to France. Returned to IMM in late 1919, Kroonland was refitted for passenger service and nearly destroyed in a 1920 shipyard fire. From 1920 to 1923 she plied the North Atlantic and then returned to New York – San Francisco service. Kroonland inaugurated IMM's winter New York – Miami service from 1925 to 1926. The following year, Kroonland was laid up in Hoboken, New Jersey, and was sold and scrapped at Genoa in 1927.
Merchant ship labouring in heavy seas as huge wave looms ahead. Huge waves are common near the 100-fathom curve on the Bay of Biscay. Published in Fall 1993 issue of Mariner's Weather Log.
Perry Edward Smith (October 27, 1928 – April 14, 1965) was one of two ex-convicts who murdered four members of the Clutter family in Holcomb, Kansas, United States on November 15, 1959. The crime was made famous by Truman Capote in his 1966 non-fiction novel In Cold Blood.
Perry Smith was born in Huntington, Nevada. The family moved to Juneau, Alaska the following year, where the elder Smith brewed bootleg whisky for a living. Smith's father abused his wife and four children; in 1935, his wife left him, taking the children with her, and moved to San Francisco. Smith initially lived with his alcoholic mother, who died before he reached adulthood. He afterward lived in a Catholic orphanage, where nuns allegedly abused him physically and emotionally for his life-long problem of chronic bed wetting. He then lived in a Salvation Army orphanage, where one of the caretakers allegedly tried to drown him. In his teens, Smith lived an itinerant existence with his father and briefly joined a street gang. He also spent time in a number of detention homes, until he was returned to his father.
At 16, Smith joined the United States Merchant Marine. He joined the Army in 1948, where he served in the Korean War.
Ships registered in U.S.: As of 2006, 465 ships of 1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over were registered under the Flag of the United States. This amounts to a total of 10,590,325 GRT, or a capacity of 13,273,133 metric tons of deadweight (DWT). Of these, 414 are owned by American interests and 51 are owned by foreign interests. Australian owners account for 2 of these ships, Canadaian 4, Danish 24, German 2, Greek 1, Malaysian 4, Dutch 4, Norwegian 2, Singaporean 2, Swedish 5, and Taiwanese 1.
U.S.-owned ships registered abroad (700): Antigua and Barbuda 7, Australia 3, Bahamas 121, Belize 5, Bermuda 27, Cambodia 8, Canada 2, Cayman Islands 41, Comoros 2, Cyprus 7, Greece 1, Honduras 1, Hong Kong 21, Ireland 2, Isle of Man 3, Italy 15, North Korea 3, South Korea 7, Liberia 93, Luxembourg 3, Malta 3, Marshall Islands 143, Netherlands 13, Netherlands Antilles 1, Norway 13, Panama 94, Peru 1, Philippines 8, Portugal 1, Puerto Rico 3, Qatar 1, Russia 1, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 21, Sierra Leone 1, Singapore 7, Spain 7, Sweden 1, Trinidad and Tobago 1, United Kingdom 6, Vanuatu 1, Wallis and Futuna 1.
Source: The 2006 CIA World Factbook which, as a US government publication, is in the public domain.