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Vermont is a U.S. state located in New England. The state ranks 43rd in land area (9250 square miles), and its population (608,827) ranks as the second-smallest of the fifty states. As the only New England state with no coastline along the Atlantic Ocean, Vermont is notable for the Green Mountains in the west and Lake Champlain in the northwest. It borders Massachusetts to the south, New Hampshire to the east, New York to the west, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. Famous for its scenery, dairy products and maple syrup, Vermont has long been known for its liberal politics and staunchly independent political thinking. The state capital is Montpelier, while the largest city is Burlington.
Originally inhabited by Native American tribes (Iroquois, Algonquian and Abenaki), the territory that is now Vermont was claimed by France but became a British possession after France's defeat in the French and Indian War. For many years, rightful control of the area was disputed by the surrounding colonies. Settlers who held land titles granted by the Province of New Hampshire, through their Green Mountain Boys militia, eventually prevailed. Vermont became the 14th state to join the United States, following a 14-year period during and after the Revolutionary War as the independent Republic of Vermont.
The Flag of Vermont consists of the State Coat-of-Arms upon a field of azure. Below the escutcheon is a red ribbon with the state name "Vermont" and the state motto "Freedom and Unity." The motto is central to the Vermont ideal of balancing personal freedom with the individual’s responsibility to their community. The current flag was adopted by the General Assembly of the State of Vermont on 1 June 1923.
A flag of similar design, but hand painted on silk satin, was used as the Governor’s Flag from c. 1830 until 1923. A civil war era infantry flag of similar design can be seen at the Vermont State House in the Old Supreme Court Chamber, now used as an assembly members’ reading room.
Because the format is similar to many other state flags, especially Maine, Pennsylvania, New York, and Michigan, some have called for adopting the flag of the Vermont Republic (the original Green Mountain Boys infantry standard) or an altogether new design. (more)
Ralph Flanders was an American mechanical engineer, industrialist and Republican U.S. Senator from the state of Vermont. He was noted for introducing a 1954 motion in the Senate to censure Senator Joseph McCarthy. He was the first born of 10 children in Barnet, Vermont, but lived a large amount of his childhood in Rhode Island. His career began with an apprenticeship, progressed into engineering, journalism, management, policy consulting, banking, finance, and finally politics when he was elected U.S. Senator from Vermont. (more)
- "'January 6, 2011 Peter Shumlin is elected governor.
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