THE VISUAL ARTS PORTAL
Visual arts are a class of art forms focusing on the creation of works which are primarily visual in nature, such as painting, drawing, illustration, architecture, photography, graphic design, printmaking, and filmmaking. Those that involve moulding or modeling, such as sculpture, public art, and ceramics, are more narrowly referred to as plastic arts.
The visual arts are distinguished from the performing arts, language arts, culinary arts and other such classes of artwork, but those boundaries are not well defined. Many artistic endeavors combine aspects of visual arts with one or more non-visual art forms, such as music or spoken word.
The current use of the phrase "visual arts" includes fine arts as well as crafts, but this was not always the case. Prior to the Arts and Crafts movement in Britain and elsewhere at the turn of the 20th century, "visual artist" referred to a person working in the fine arts (such as painting, sculpture, or printmaking) and not the handicraft, craft, or applied art disciplines.
The scope of study and appreciation of visual arts spans the globe, and reaches through time back to people drawing on stone walls. All societies have embellished their tools and toys with more visual interest than is functionally necessary.
The National Gallery is an art gallery in London, located on the north side of Trafalgar Square. It houses Western European paintings from 1250 to 1900 from the national art collection of Great Britain. The collection of 2,300 paintings belongs to the British public, and entry to the main collection is free, although there are charges for entry to special exhibitions.
Despite having been founded without an existing royal collection on which to build, the National Gallery has grown to be a collection of international renown since its foundation in 1824. It was shaped mainly by its early directors, including Sir Charles Lock Eastlake, and by private donations, which comprise two thirds of the collection. Although small in comparison with other national art collections such as the Louvre, the National Gallery is notable for covering a broad art-historical scope with paintings of consistently high quality, making it possible to trace every major development in Western painting from the Early Renaissance to the Post-impressionists through its collection. The Gallery's 19th-century origins have, however, resulted in particularly strong holdings of the Italian and Dutch schools, while historically it was slow on the uptake of modern art.
||Drawing is like making an expressive gesture with the advantage of permanence.
||— Henri Matisse, unknown
Pierre Joseph Rossier
(born 16 July 1829, died between 1883 and 1898) was a pioneering Swiss photographer whose albumen
photographs, which include stereographs
, comprise portraits, cityscapes and landscapes. He was commissioned by the London firm of Negretti and Zambra
to travel to Asia and document the progress of the Anglo-French troops in the Second Opium War
and, although he failed to join that military expedition, he remained in Asia for several years, producing the first commercial photographs of China
, the Philippines
and Siam (now Thailand
). He was the first professional photographer in Japan, where he trained Ueno Hikoma
, Maeda Genzō
, Horie Kuwajirō
, as well as lesser known members of the first generation of Japanese photographers. In Switzerland he established photographic studios
, and he also produced images elsewhere in the country. Rossier is an important figure in the early history of photography not only because of his own images, but also because of the critical impact of his teaching in the early days of Japanese photography.