Portal:West Virginia

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Seal of West Virginia.
Location of West Virginia within the United States.
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West Virginia Listeni/ˌwɛst vərˈɪnjə/ is a state in the Appalachian and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States, bordered by Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, Ohio to the northwest, and Pennsylvania and Maryland to the northeast. The capital and largest city is Charleston.

West Virginia became a state following the Wheeling Conventions, breaking away from Virginia during the American Civil War. The new state was admitted to the Union on June 20, 1863, and was a key Civil War border state. West Virginia was the only state to form by seceding from a Confederate state, and was one of only two states formed during the American Civil War (the other one being Nevada, which separated from Utah Territory).

The Census Bureau considers West Virginia part of the South, as most of the state is south of the Mason-Dixon Line. The northern panhandle extends adjacent to Pennsylvania and Ohio with the West Virginia cities of Wheeling and Weirton being just across the border from the Pittsburgh metropolitan area, while Bluefield is less than 70 miles (110 km) from North Carolina and Harper's Ferry is considered to be a part of the Washington metropolitan area. The unique position of West Virginia means that it is often included in a wide variety of geographical regions, including the Upland South, the Southeastern United States and often the Northeastern United States. Notably, it is the only state which entirely lies within the area served by the Appalachian Regional Commission, which is a common definition of "Appalachia".[1] For these reasons, West Virginia is often considered simultaneously the northernmost Southeastern state, the southernmost Northeastern state, the westernmost Mid-Atlantic state and the easternmost Midwestern state. The state is noted for its mountains and diverse topography, its historically significant logging and coal mining industries, and its political and labor history. It is one of the most densely karstic areas in the world, making it a choice area for recreational caving and scientific research. The karst lands contribute to much of the state's cool trout waters. It is also known for a wide range of outdoor recreational opportunities, including skiing, whitewater rafting, fishing, hiking, mountain biking and hunting.

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Aerial view of Woodburn Circle on West Virginia University's downtown campus
West Virginia University (WVU) is a public research university in Morgantown, West Virginia, USA. Other campuses include: West Virginia University at Parkersburg in Parkersburg; West Virginia University Institute of Technology in Montgomery; Potomac State College of West Virginia University in Keyser; and a second clinical campus for the University's medical and dental schools at Charleston Area Medical Center in Charleston. Since 2001, WVU has been governed by the West Virginia University Board of Governors. Enrollment for the fall 2007 semester was 28,113. The University offers 185 majors in 15 colleges and has produced 25 Rhodes Scholars, including former WVU president David C. Hardesty Jr. The University also has produced 30 Goldwater Scholars, 19 Truman Scholars, five members of USA Today 's All-USA College Academic First Team, and two Morris K. Udall Undergraduate Scholarship winners.[2] WVU is ranked by The Princeton Review as one of the best 368 colleges in the nation.

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The New River Gorge Bridge in Fayetteville, West Virginia is a steel arch bridge that carries US 19 over the New River.
Credit: JaGa

The New River Gorge Bridge is a steel arch bridge 3,030 feet (924 m) long over the New River Gorge near Fayetteville, West Virginia, in the Appalachian Mountains of the eastern United States. With an arch 1,700 feet (518 m) long, the New River Gorge Bridge was for many years the world's longest arch bridge; it is now the third longest. Part of U.S. Route 19, its construction marked the completion of Corridor L of the Appalachian Development Highway System. The bridge is crossed by an average of 16,200 motor vehicles per day.

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WWI veteran Frank Buckles during a dedication ceremony for the unveiling of portraits of WWI veterans in the Pentagon March 6, 2008.
Frank Woodruff Buckles (born Wood Buckles; February 1, 1901 – February 27, 2011) was the last surviving American veteran of World War I. He enlisted in the United States Army in 1917 and served with a detachment from Fort Riley, driving ambulances and motorcycles near the front lines in Europe. During World War II, he was captured by Japanese forces while working in the shipping business, and spent three years in the Philippines as a civilian prisoner. After the war, Buckles married in San Francisco and moved to Gap View Farm near Charles Town, West Virginia. A widower at age 98, he worked on his farm until the age of 105. In his last years, he was Honorary Chairman of the World War I Memorial Foundation. As chairman, he advocated the establishment of a World War I memorial similar to other war memorials in Washington, D.C.. Toward this end, Buckles campaigned for the District of Columbia War Memorial to be renamed the National World War I Memorial. He testified before Congress in support of this cause, and met with President George W. Bush at the White House. Buckles was awarded the World War I Victory Medal at the conclusion of that conflict, and the Army of Occupation of Germany Medal retroactively following the medal's creation in 1941, as well as the French Legion of Honor in 1999. His funeral was on March 15, 2011, at Arlington National Cemetery, with President Barack Obama attending and with full military honors.

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Economy: West Virginia State LotteryWest Virginia locations by per capita incomeOhio Valley

Law and government of West Virginia: List of West Virginia state agenciesWest Virginia Attorney GeneralEducation in West VirginiaWest Virginia LegislatureWest Virginia Parkways, Economic Development and Tourism AuthorityWest Virginia Division of HighwaysList of Presidents of the West Virginia SenateList of Speakers of the West Virginia House of DelegatesPolitical party strength in West VirginiaPotomac Highlands Airport AuthorityWest Virginia State Police AcademyWest Virginia Governor's MansionWest Virginia State CapitolWest Virginia State LotteryWest Virginia State PoliceList of Governors of West VirginiaChesapeake Bay ProgramSupreme Court of Appeals of West VirginiaCourts of West VirginiaCharleston Police Department (West Virginia)List of law enforcement agencies in West VirginiaWest Virginia Division of CorrectionsWest Virginia Division of Natural ResourcesWest Virginia Department of TransportationWest Virginia Department of CommerceWest Virginia Division of ForestryWest Virginia State Rail AuthorityWest Virginia House of DelegatesWest Virginia SenateSecretary of State of West VirginiaWest Virginia Alcohol Beverage Control Administration

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  1. ^ "Appalachian Region: Counties in Appalachia". Appalachian Regional Commission. Retrieved 2007-11-13. 
  2. ^ Morris K. Udall Foundation