Portal:West Virginia

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The West Virginia Portal

Seal of West Virginia.
Location of West Virginia within the United States.
West Virginia state flag.png

West Virginia Listeni/ˌwɛst vərˈɪnjə/ is a state in the Appalachian, Southern, and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States, bordered by Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, Ohio to the northwest, and Pennsylvania and Maryland to the northeast. The capital and largest city is Charleston.

West Virginia became a state following the Wheeling Conventions, breaking away from Virginia during the American Civil War. The new state was admitted to the Union on June 20, 1863, and was a key Civil War border state. West Virginia was the only state to form by seceding from a Confederate state, and was one of only two states formed during the American Civil War (the other one being Nevada, which separated from Utah Territory).

The Census Bureau considers West Virginia part of the South, as most of the state is south of the Mason-Dixon Line. The northern panhandle extends adjacent to Pennsylvania and Ohio with the West Virginia cities of Wheeling and Weirton being just across the border from the Pittsburgh metropolitan area, while Bluefield is less than 70 miles (110 km) from North Carolina and Harper's Ferry is considered to be a part of the Washington metropolitan area. The unique position of West Virginia means that it is often included in a wide variety of geographical regions, including the Upland South, the Southeastern United States and often the Northeastern United States. Notably, it is the only state which entirely lies within the area served by the Appalachian Regional Commission, which is a common definition of "Appalachia".[1] For these reasons, West Virginia is often considered simultaneously the northernmost Southeastern state, the southernmost Northeastern state, the westernmost Mid-Atlantic state and the easternmost Midwestern state. The state is noted for its mountains and diverse topography, its historically significant logging and coal mining industries, and its political and labor history. It is one of the most densely karstic areas in the world, making it a choice area for recreational caving and scientific research. The karst lands contribute to much of the state's cool trout waters. It is also known for a wide range of outdoor recreational opportunities, including skiing, whitewater rafting, fishing, hiking, mountain biking and hunting.

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The Fort Henry Bridge crossing the Ohio River in Wheeling, West Virginia, USA.
The Fort Henry Bridge is a crossing of the Ohio River main channel in Wheeling, West Virginia. The tied-arch bridge carries two lanes in each direction of Interstate 70 (I-70), U.S. Route 40 (US 40), and US 250. The bridge opened after four years of construction work on September 8, 1955, costing $6.8 million, $1.8 million over budget. The bridge, along with the aging Wheeling Suspension Bridge, are the only two road links from Wheeling Island to downtown Wheeling. In 2009, the structure carried an average of over 60,000 vehicles per day.

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The New River Gorge Bridge in Fayetteville, West Virginia is a steel arch bridge that carries US 19 over the New River.
Credit: JaGa

The New River Gorge Bridge is a steel arch bridge 3,030 feet (924 m) long over the New River Gorge near Fayetteville, West Virginia, in the Appalachian Mountains of the eastern United States. With an arch 1,700 feet (518 m) long, the New River Gorge Bridge was for many years the world's longest arch bridge; it is now the third longest. Part of U.S. Route 19, its construction marked the completion of Corridor L of the Appalachian Development Highway System. The bridge is crossed by an average of 16,200 motor vehicles per day.

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Hanging Rocks viewed from across the river in the 1890s

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Harry Truman, chose not to evacuate from his Spirit Lake lodge before May 18, 1980
Harry Randall Truman (October 30, 1896 – May 18, 1980) was a resident of the U.S. state of Washington who lived on Mount St. Helens and came to brief fame in the months preceding the 1980 eruption after stubbornly refusing to leave his home. He was the owner and caretaker of Mount St. Helens Lodge at Spirit Lake. The lodge was located at the south end of Spirit Lake at the foot of the mountain, and was in the danger zone at the time of the eruption. After Truman's death, his family and friends reflected on his love for the mountain. He was commemorated in a book by his niece and a song by Headgear. In 1981, Art Carney portrayed Truman in the docu-drama film St. Helens.

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Law and government of West Virginia: List of West Virginia state agenciesWest Virginia Attorney GeneralEducation in West VirginiaWest Virginia LegislatureWest Virginia Parkways, Economic Development and Tourism AuthorityWest Virginia Division of HighwaysList of Presidents of the West Virginia SenateList of Speakers of the West Virginia House of DelegatesPolitical party strength in West VirginiaPotomac Highlands Airport AuthorityWest Virginia State Police AcademyWest Virginia Governor's MansionWest Virginia State CapitolWest Virginia State LotteryWest Virginia State PoliceList of Governors of West VirginiaChesapeake Bay ProgramSupreme Court of Appeals of West VirginiaCourts of West VirginiaCharleston Police Department (West Virginia)List of law enforcement agencies in West VirginiaWest Virginia Division of CorrectionsWest Virginia Division of Natural ResourcesWest Virginia Department of TransportationWest Virginia Department of CommerceWest Virginia Division of ForestryWest Virginia State Rail AuthorityWest Virginia House of DelegatesWest Virginia SenateSecretary of State of West VirginiaWest Virginia Alcohol Beverage Control Administration

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  1. ^ "Appalachian Region: Counties in Appalachia". Appalachian Regional Commission. Retrieved 2007-11-13.