Portal:Wicca

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Wicca Portal

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Wicca /ˈwɪkə/ is a modern Pagan religious movement. Developing in England in the first half of the 20th century, Wicca was popularised in the 1950s and early 1960s by a Wiccan High Priest named Gerald Gardner, who at the time called it the "witch cult" and "witchcraft," and its adherents "the Wica." From the 1960s onward, the name of the religion was normalised to "Wicca.".

Wicca is typically a duotheistic religion, worshipping a goddess and a god, who are traditionally viewed as the Triple Goddess and Horned God. These two deities are often viewed as being facets of a greater pantheistic godhead, and as manifesting themselves as various polytheistic deities. Nonetheless, there are also other theological positions within Wicca, ranging from monotheism to atheism. The religion also involves the ritual practice of magic, largely influenced by the ceremonial magic of previous centuries, often in conjunction with a broad code of morality known as the Wiccan Rede, although this is not adhered to by all wiccans. Another characteristic of this religion is the celebration of seasonally-based festivals, known as Sabbats, of which there are usually eight in number annually.

There are various denominations within Wicca, which are referred to as traditions. Some, such as Gardnerian and Alexandrian Wicca, follow in the initiatory lineage of Gardner. Others, such as Cochrane's Craft, Feri and the Dianic tradition, take primary influence from other figures and may not insist on any initiatory lineage.

Selected article

A Heathen altar for household worship in Gothenburg, Sweden. The painted tablet on the back depicts Sunna, the two larger wooden idols Odin (left) and Frey (right), in front of them there are the three Norns, and in the front row a red Thor and other idols. In front of the cult images are two ritual hammers.
Germanic neopaganism (also known as heathenism,[1][2]

heathenry,[3][4] or Germanic heathenry[5][6]) is the contemporary revival of historical Germanic paganism. Precursor movements appeared in the early 20th century in Germany and Austria. A second wave of revival began in the early 1970s. Since its first times heathenism has developed according to diverse denominations, the most prominent ones amongst all being Ásatrú, Odinism, Forn Siðr and Theodism.[1] Attitude and focus of adherents may vary considerably, from strictly historical polytheistic reconstructionism to syncretist (eclectic), pragmatic psychologist, occult or mysticist approaches. Germanic neopagan organizations cover a wide spectrum of belief and ideals. Different terms exist for the various types of Germanic neopaganism. Some terms are specific in reference whereas other are blanket terms for a variety of groups.[7]

Selected biography

Christopher Penczak (born 1973) is an author in the fields of paganism and magic.

In 2000, he was ordained as a minister by the Universal Brotherhood Movement, Inc. He is a part time faculty member at the North Eastern Institute of Whole Health and a founding member of the Gifts of Grace Foundation, a non-profit organization in New Hampshire made up of individuals from diverse spiritual backgrounds dedicated to joyful service to the local communities.

Penczak has penned a number of acclaimed titles on witchcraft and healing. In 2002, City Magick won Best Magic Book from the Coalition of Visionary Retailers. In 2003, he won the same award for The Inner Temple of Witchcraft. In 2004, Penczak received multiple awards from the Coalition of Visionary Retailers, including a tie for Best Book of the Year for The Outer Temple of Witchcraft.

He continues to write books and articles. He maintains a teaching and healing practice in New Hampshire, where he lives in a polyamorous relationship with his partners, roleplaying game designer and developer Steve Kenson and Reiki master Adam Sartwell.

Selected holy day

Beltane is one of the four principal festivals of the Irish calendar, one of the two main druidic holy days, and one of the four major Wicca sabbats, and was also celebrated in many European countries. It was also known as La Bealtaine, Bealtainn, Beltain, Beltaine, Boaltinn, Boaldyn, and Belotenia, as well as a few other lesser common used names.

Celebrated most commonly on May 1st, or originally April 31st (or October 31st or November 1st in the southern hemisphere), it was dedicated to the sun, and the goddess Maia, as well as the horned god, and the three-fold goddess, also in Irish tradition, the Tuatha De Danann.

One of the common symbols of Beltane was the May Pole, which was later transferred into a symbol of May Day. It is opposite of the festival, Samhain, also celebrated in most druid, Gaelic, pagan, etc. traditions. It is a festival of life and sexuality.

Did you know...

...that because Wicca is a season based religion, many people in the Southern Hemisphere celebrate holidays in opposing times of the year, compared with the Northern Hemisphere?
...that Wiccans often identify as witches, but Wicca and Witchcraft are not necessarily the same thing?
...that Gerald Gardner is credited with re-introducing the word 'Wicca' into the English Language?
...that Wicca was previously an Old English word (pronounced: 'wee-cha'), meaning a male sage or shaman and 'wicce' was the female form?
...that Wiccans observe eight seasonal Sabbats of the year and 12–13 Esbats each year?

WikiProjects

Project Neopaganism
Defining Neo/Paganism at WikiPedia
When should Wikipedia use the term "paganism" as opposed to "neopaganism"? Should these terms be capitalized? Discuss at the project NeoPaganism talk page.

Selected picture

The pentacle and the five elements of the cosmos
Credit: Nyo

The five elements are seen as symbolic as opposed to literal; that is, they are representations of the phases of matter. They are invoked during many magical rituals, notably when consecrating a magic circle. The five elements are Air, Fire, Water and Earth, plus Aether (or Spirit), which unites the other four.

Categories

Selected quote

Call upon the Goddess and God to protect you and teach you the secrets of magic. Ask stones and plants to reveal their powers - and listen.

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Wicca topics

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia sister projects provide more on this subject:
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  1. ^ a b T. Sheil & A. Sheil. What is Heathenism?. 2008. Retrieved 3rd August 2011. Quote: "There have been several names coined for various Heathen groups: Hedenskap, Asatru, Odinism, Thorism, Theod, Troth, Urglaawe, etc. Most of these terms relate to specific branches of Heathenism. The term, that covers all of them is Heathenism."
  2. ^ Arlie Stephens. Deity and Humanity in Modern Heathenism. Regarding terminology she writes: "Other names for our religion include Asatru, Forn Sed, Norse Paganism, and Heithni. The various names reflect both organizational boundaries and differences of emphasis; I use “Heathenism” in this paper because it’s generally seen as including the broadest range."
  3. ^ Heathenry Portal of the BBC Religions Portal. "Heathenry is a reconstruction of pre-Christian North European religion."
  4. ^ Editorial Preface of The Journal of Contemporary Heathen Thought, a Germanic Neopagan publication with contributions from the Ásatrú Folk Assembly, the Odinic Rite, and other organised or independent adherents, uses "Heathenism/-ry" as the name of the whole movement.
  5. ^ James Hjuka Coulter. Germanic Heathenry: A Practical Guide. 2003. ISBN 1410765857
  6. ^ Lauren Bernauer. Modern Germanic Heathenry and the Radical Traditionalists. Retrieved 30th July 2011. Example of academic publication using the label "Germanic Heathenry".
  7. ^ Arlea Anschütz and Stormerne Hunt, Call us Heathens!