Joseph McCarthy (November 14, 1908 – May 2, 1957) was a Republican U.S. Senator from the state of Wisconsin between 1947 and 1957. Beginning in 1950, McCarthy became the most visible public face of a period of extreme anti-communist suspicion inspired by the tensions of the Cold War. He was noted for making unsubstantiated claims that there were large numbers of Communists and Soviet spies and sympathizers inside the federal government. Ultimately, his tactics led to his being discredited and censured by the United States Senate. The term "McCarthyism," coined in 1950 in reference to McCarthy's practices, was soon applied to similar anti-communist pursuits. Today the term is used more generally to describe demagogic, reckless, and unsubstantiated accusations, as well as public attacks on the character or patriotism of political opponents.
Born and raised on a Wisconsin farm, McCarthy earned a law degree at Marquette University in 1935 and was elected as a circuit judge in 1939, the youngest in state history. At age 33, McCarthy volunteered for the United States Marine Corps and served during World War II. He successfully ran for the United States Senate in 1946, defeating Robert M. La Follette, Jr. After several largely undistinguished years in the Senate, McCarthy rose suddenly to national fame in 1950 when he asserted in a speech that he had a list of "members of the Communist Party and members of a spy ring" who were employed in the State Department.
However, McCarthy was never able to substantiate his sensational charges. In succeeding years, McCarthy made accusations of Communist infiltration into the State Department, the administration of President Truman
, Voice of America
, and the United States Army
. He also used charges of communism, communist sympathies, or disloyalty to attack a number of politicians and other individuals inside and outside of government. With the highly publicized Army-McCarthy hearings
of 1954, McCarthy's support and popularity began to fade. Later in 1954, the Senate voted to censure Senator McCarthy by a vote of 67 to 22, making him one of the few senators ever to be disciplined in this fashion. McCarthy died in Bethesda Naval Hospital
on May 2, 1957, at the age of 48. The official cause of death was acute hepatitis
; it is widely accepted that this was brought on by alcoholism
Golda Meir was one of the founders of the State of Israel. She served as its Minister of Labor, Foreign Minister, and fourth Prime Minister.
Her family immigrated to Milwaukee from the Ukraine in 1906. The family settled in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. There, Golda's father worked as a carpenter, and her mother ran a grocery store. When Golda was only eight years old, she had to oversee the store for a short time each morning while her mother bought supplies at the market.
Golda Meir attended the Fourth Street School (now Golda Meir School) across from the Schlitz Brewing Complex from 1906 to 1912. It was here that Golda undertook her first public works project, by organizing a fundraiser to pay for her classmates' textbooks. After forming the American Young Sisters Society, she rented a hall and scheduled a public meeting for the event. Despite not having known English upon entry, Golda graduated as valedictorian of her class.
When Golda was 14, she began attending North Division High School and took part-time jobs to pay expenses. Her mother suggested that she give up school for work and to marry. Golda rebelled and ran away to Denver, Colorado, where her older sister, Sheyna, was living. She stayed for about a year in a duplex at 1606 Julian Street. Golda attended North High School there and met Morris Meyerson, a sign painter, whom she would later marry.
In 1913, Golda returned to Milwaukee and re-enrolled at North Division, graduating in 1915. While there, she was an active member of the Zionist youth movement, Habonim (now Habonim Dror). She spoke at public meetings and often advocated for Socialist Zionism in her speeches. Often she hosted visitors from Palestine.
Upon her graduation from the Milwaukee State Normal School (a predecessor of the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee), she taught in public schools. She formally joined the Labour Zionist Organization in 1915.
Golda and Morris married in 1917 and began planning to make aliyah (emigration to the Land of Israel, then a part of the Ottoman Empire). The couple, together with Golda's elder sister Sheyna, emigrated to Palestine in 1921.
On May 14, 1948 Golda Meir was one of twenty four people to sign the Declaration of the State of Israel
. She became Prime Minister in 1969
, and held the office before resigning in 1973
. Golda later died of cancer at the age of 80 and was buried on Mount Herzl
, in Jerusalem
Frank Lloyd Wright (1867 – 1959) was one of the most prominent and influential architects during the first half of the 20th century. He developed a series of highly individual styles over his extraordinarily long architectural career (spanning the years 1887-1959) and influenced the entire course of American architecture and building. To this day, he remains probably America's most famous architect.
Frank Lloyd Wright was born in the agricultural town of Richland Center, Wisconsin, United States, on June 8, 1867, of Welsh descent just two years after the end of the American Civil War. As a child he spent a great deal of time playing with the kindergarten educational blocks by Friedrich Wilhelm August Froebel (known as Froebel Gifts) given to him by his mother, Anna Lloyd Jones. These consisted of various geometrically shaped blocks that could be assembled in various combinations to form three-dimensional compositions. Wright in his autobiography talks about the influence of these exercises on his approach to design. Many of his buildings are notable for the geometrical clarity they exhibit.
Wright began his formal education in 1885 at the University of Wisconsin-Madison
College of Engineering
, where he was a member of Phi Delta Theta
Fraternity International, Inc. Wisconsin Alpha chapter. He took classes part-time for three semesters, while apprenticing under a local builder and professor of civil engineering. In 1887, Wright left the university without taking a degree (although he was granted an honorary doctorate of fine arts from the university in 1955) and moved to Chicago, Illinois
, where he joined the architectural firm of Joseph Lyman Silsbee
. Within the year, he had left Silsbee to work for the firm of Adler
Brett Favre is a former starting quarterback for the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League (NFL). Favre started at quarterback for The University of Southern Mississippi for four years before being selected in the second round of the 1991 NFL Draft by the Atlanta Falcons. After one season with the Falcons, Favre was traded to the Green Bay Packers on February 10, 1992 for a first-round draft pick. He became the Packers starting quarterback in the third game of the 1992 NFL season.
Favre is the only three-time MVP
(1995-97) in NFL history and has led the Packers to two Super Bowls: a victory against the New England Patriots
in Super Bowl XXXI
and a loss to the Denver Broncos
in Super Bowl XXXII
. Favre has started every game since his first for the Packers in 1992. His records include most consecutive starts among NFL quarterbacks and most completions. He ranks second behind Dan Marino
for career touchdown
passes, career attempts, and career passing yards. Heading into the 2007 season, Favre is tied with Dan Marino for second-most victories as a starting quarterback; they both trail John Elway.
Robert M. La Follette, Sr.
(June 14, 1855 – June 18, 1925) (also known as "Fighting Bob" La Follette
) was an American
politician who served as a U.S. Congressman
, the 20th Governor of Wisconsin
from 1901 - 1906, and Senator
from 1905 - 1925 as a Republican
He ran for President of the United States
as the nominee of his own Progressive Party
in the 1924 elections
, carrying Wisconsin and 17% of the national popular vote. He is best remembered as a proponent of Progressivism, and vocal opponent of railroads, bossism, World War I, and the League of Nations. In 1957, a Senate committee selected La Follette as one of five of their greatest Senate predecessors. A 1982 survey of historians that asked them to rank the "ten greatest Senators in the nation's history" based on "accomplishments in office" and "long range impact on American history," placed La Follette first, tied with Henry Clay
. His wife Belle Case La Follette
and sons Robert M. La Follette, Jr.
and Philip La Follette
led his political faction in Wisconsin into the 1940s. La Follette has been called “arguably the most important and recognized leader of the opposition to the growing dominance of corporations over the Government.”
William Hubbs Rehnquist (October 1, 1924 – September 3, 2005) was an American lawyer, jurist, and a political figure who served as an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court of the United States and later as the Chief Justice of the United States.
Rehnquist was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, as William Donald Rehnquist and grew up in the suburb of Shorewood. His father, William Benjamin Rehnquist, was a paper salesman; his mother, Margery Peck Rehnquist, was a translator and homemaker. He graduated from Shorewood High School in 1942.
When Chief Justice Warren Burger retired in 1986, President Ronald Reagan nominated Rehnquist to fill the position. The Senate confirmed his appointment by a 65-33 vote, and he assumed the office on September 26. The two most visible aspects of Rehnquist's tenure as Chief were his presiding over the impeachment trial of Bill Clinton and the Bush v. Gore decision. In 1999, Rehnquist became the second Chief Justice (after Salmon P. Chase) to preside over a presidential impeachment trial, during the proceedings against President Bill Clinton.
On October 26, 2004, the Supreme Court press office announced that Rehnquist had recently been diagnosed with thyroid cancer. After several months out of the public eye, Rehnquist administered the oath of office to President George W. Bush at his second inauguration on January 20, 2005.
Rehnquist died at his Arlington, Virginia
, home on September 3, 2005. Rehnquist was the first member of the Supreme Court to die in office since Justice Robert H. Jackson
in 1954, and the first Chief Justice to die in office since Fred M. Vinson
, in 1953.
Jim Lovell is a former NASA astronaut, most notable as the commander of Apollo 13, which suffered an explosion en route to the Moon but was brought back safely to Earth. Lovell was also the command module pilot of Apollo 8, the first Apollo mission to enter lunar orbit. Lovell is a recipient of the Congressional Space Medal of Honor and the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
Born in Cleveland, Ohio, Lovell's family moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where he graduated from Juneau High School. Later he attended the University of Wisconsin–Madison for two years. He continued on to the United States Naval Academy and, after graduating in 1952, entered the United States Navy where he served in the Korean War. He spent four years as a test pilot at the Naval Air Test Center (now the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School) in Patuxent River, Maryland. He was selected in 1962 for the second group of NASA astronauts.
On April 11, 1970, Lovell took off on Apollo 13 with Fred Haise
and Jack Swigert
, planning to land on the Moon along with Haise. But on April 13
, a damaged stir coil in a cryogenic oxygen tank sparked during a routine tank stir, triggering an explosion that crippled the Command Module "Odyssey." Venting oxygen from the damaged system, the vessel quickly lost most of both its breathable air supply and its electrical system. Apollo 13's lunar landing mission was aborted and the goal became simply survival. Using the lunar module
's engine, oxygen and power, Lovell and his crew swung around the Moon on a free-return trajectory. Apollo 13 returned safely to Earth on April 17
Kulwicki's 1992 Driver's championship trophy
Alan Dennis Kulwicki (December 14, 1954 – April 1, 1993), nicknamed "Special K" and the "Polish Prince", was an American NASCAR Winston Cup (now Sprint Cup) racecar driver. He arrived at the highest and most expensive level of stock car racing in the United States with only a borrowed pickup truck, a race car, no sponsor, and a limited budget. Despite starting with meager equipment and finances, Kulwicki earned the 1986 NASCAR Rookie of the Year award and later won the 1992 Winston Cup championship by the then-closest margin in NASCAR history. Kulwicki was known for being a perfectionist and doing things his own way: his scientific approach to NASCAR racing inspired the way teams are currently run, and he was insistent in driving for his own race team during most of his NASCAR career despite lucrative offers from top car owners. His publicist indicated that Kulwicki was "a real hard type of person to get to know," and he remained a bachelor throughout his life.
In 1998, five years after his death in a light aircraft accident, he was named one of NASCAR's 50 Greatest Drivers
. He was inducted into the numerous halls of fame, including the International Motorsports Hall of Fame
Dwyane Tyrone Wade, Jr. (born January 17, 1982) is an American professional basketball player who currently plays for the Miami Heat in the National Basketball Association (NBA). His nicknames include "Flash" and "D-Wade". Wade was named 2006 Sportsman of the Year by Sports Illustrated. Despite the unorthodox spelling, Wade's first name is pronounced as Dwayne; often in print media, it is misspelled as such. Wade has established himself as one of the most well-known and popular players in the league. He had the top selling jersey in the NBA for nearly two years, as he led the NBA in jersey sales from the 2005 NBA playoffs, until the mid-point of the 2006-07 NBA season.
After entering the league with little fanfare as the fifth pick in the 2003 NBA Draft
, Wade has become one of the most accomplished young players in the NBA today. Having made the All-Rookie team in his first season and the All-Star team the following five seasons, Wade led the Miami Heat to their first NBA Championship in franchise history in his third pro campaign. He was named the 2006 NBA Finals MVP
as he led the Heat to a 4–2 series win over the Dallas Mavericks
. At the 2008 Summer Olympics
, Wade led the United States Men's Basketball team
, commonly known as the Redeem Team
, in scoring, as they captured gold medal honors in Beijing
Oscar Palmer Robertson (born November 24, 1938 in Charlotte, Tennessee), nicknamed "The Big O" or O-Train, is a former American NBA player with the Cincinnati Royals and the Milwaukee Bucks. The 6-foot-5, 220-pound  Robertson played the shooting guard/point guard position, and was a twelve-time All-Star, eleven-time member of the All-NBA Team, and one-time winner of the MVP award in fourteen professional seasons. He is the only player in NBA history to average a triple-double for an entire season, and he is regarded as one of the best and most versatile NBA players of all time. He was a key player on the team which brought the Bucks their only NBA championship in the 1970-71 NBA season. However, his playing career, especially during high school and college, was plagued by racism.
For his outstanding achievements, Robertson was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame in 1980, and was voted one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History in 1996. The United States Basketball Writers Association renamed their college Player of the Year Award the Oscar Robertson Trophy in his honor in 1998, and he was one of five people chosen to represent the inaugural National Collegiate Basketball Hall of Fame class in 2006.
Robertson was also an integral part of the Oscar Robertson suit
of 1970. The landmark NBA antitrust
suit, named after the then-president of the NBA Players' Association
, led to an extensive reform of the league's strict free agency
rules and, subsequently, to higher salaries for all players.