Portal:Yorkshire

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Yorkshire is a historic county of Northern England and the largest in Great Britain. Although Yorkshire is not a current unit of civil administration, it is included in the name of a number of contemporary subdivisions such as Yorkshire and the Humber. The name is familiar and well-understood across the United Kingdom and is in common use. Throughout much of history Yorkshire has played a prominent role in Great Britain. The Brigantes, who were the largest Celtic Briton tribe, held it as their heartland. The Romans made York (from which the county derives its name) one of the two capitals of all Roman Britain. The area was an independent Viking kingdom known as Jórvík for around a century, before being taken by England. Most of the modern day large cities were founded during the Norman period.

The county covered just under 6,000 square miles (15,000 km²) in 1831 and the modern day Yorkshire and the Humber region has a population of around five million. Yorkshire is widely considered to be the greenest area in England, due to both the vast rural countryside of the Yorkshire Dales, North York Moors and some of the major cities, this has led to Yorkshire being nicknamed God's Own County. (read more) . . .


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The M62 passes Scammonden Water in West Yorkshire.

The M62 motorway is a west–east trans-Pennine motorway in northern England, connecting the cities of Liverpool and Hull. The road also forms part of the unsigned Euroroutes E20 (Shannon to Saint Petersburg) and E22 (Holyhead to Ishim). The road is 107 miles (172 km) long; however, for seven miles (11 km), it shares its route with the M60 motorway around Manchester.

The motorway, which was first proposed in the 1930s, and originally conceived as two separate routes, was built in stages between 1971 and 1976, with construction beginning at Pole Moor and finishing in Tarbock. Adjusted for inflation to 2007, the motorway cost approximately £765 million to build. The motorway is relatively busy, with an average daily traffic flow of 100,000 cars in Yorkshire, and has several areas prone to gridlock, in particular, between Leeds and Huddersfield in West Yorkshire.

The road passes the cities of Salford, Manchester, Bradford and Leeds. Between Liverpool and Manchester, and east of Leeds, the terrain of the road is relatively flat, while between Manchester and Leeds, the road crosses the hilly Pennines to its highest point on Saddleworth Moor, which is also the highest point of any motorway in the United Kingdom, at 1,221 feet (372 m) above sea level. (read more . . . )


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Hawes

Credit: Immanuel Giel
Hawes is a small market town in the Yorkshire Dales, located at the head of Wensleydale the town is famous as being the home of Wensleydale cheese at the Hawes Creamery. (read more . . . )


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Captain James Cook
Captain James Cook FRS RN (27 October 1728 (O.S.) – 14 February 1779) was an English explorer, navigator and cartographer born in Marton in North Yorkshire. Ultimately rising to the rank of Captain in the Royal Navy, Cook was the first to map Newfoundland prior to making three voyages to the Pacific Ocean during which he achieved the first European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands as well as the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand.

Cook joined the British merchant navy as a teenager, and joined the Royal Navy in 1755. He saw action in the Seven Years' War, and subsequently surveyed and mapped much of the entrance to the Saint Lawrence River during the siege of Quebec. This allowed General Wolfe to make his famous stealth attack on the Plains of Abraham, and helped to bring Cook to the attention of the Admiralty and Royal Society. This notice came at a crucial moment both in his personal career and in the direction of British overseas exploration, and led to his commission in 1766 as commander of HM Bark Endeavour for the first of three Pacific voyages. (read more . . . )

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St John the Baptist's Church, Stanwick

List of churches preserved by the Churches Conservation Trust in Northern England describes the 50 churches cared for by the Churches Conservation Trust in Northern England, covering the counties of Northumberland, Tyne and Wear, Cumbria, North Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, West Yorkshire, Lancashire, Merseyside, Greater Manchester, and Cheshire, spanning a period of more than 1,000 years. The oldest is St Andrew's Church, Bywell, which dates from about 850; the most recent, Old Christ Church, Waterloo, was built between 1891 and 1894. All but one of the churches have been designated by English Heritage as listed buildings. Some stand in the centres of cities or towns and their functions have been taken over by nearby churches; these include St John the Evangelist's Church, Lancaster, Christ Church, Macclesfield, St John the Evangelist's Church, Leeds, St Stephen's Church, Low Elswick, Church of All Souls, Bolton, and Old Christ Church, Waterloo. Others stand in remote or isolated positions in the countryside. Some fell into disuse because the village they served was deserted, or the local population moved elsewhere; examples include Ireby Old Church, St Mary's Chapel, Lead, and St Thomas' Church, Friarmere. Alternatively the church once served the estate of a country house, as with All Saints' Church, Harewood, Church of Christ the Consoler, Skelton-on-Ure, and St Martin's Church, Allerton Mauleverer. In some cases the churches have only been partially conserved. Only the tower of Old St Lawrence, York, the tower and part of the aisle walls of Christ Church, Heaton Norris, and the tower, chancel and walls of the nave of Old Holy Trinity Church, Wentworth have survived. Most of the churches remain consecrated and are used for occasional services where practical; some are venues for concerts and other purposes. One church still vested in the Trust, St James, Toxteth, Liverpool, which was at one time derelict, re-opened in 2010 for regular worship. (read more . . . )

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Swaledale Sheep, Lake District, England - June 2009.jpg

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Yorkshire

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The western end of Leeds Railway station.
Credit: Chris McKenna
The western end of Leeds railway station, the mainline railway station serving the city of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England. (Read more...)

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Places: BarnoldswickBradfordDoncasterHalifaxHarrogateHuddersfieldHullLeedsMiddlesbroughNorthallertonRiponScarboroughSheffieldSkiptonWakefieldWhitbyYork

Divisions Diocese of Ripon and LeedsEast Riding of YorkshireList of wapentakes in YorkshireNorth Riding of YorkshireNorth YorkshireSouth YorkshireWest Riding of YorkshireWest YorkshireYorkshire and the Humber

Culture: Yorkshire dialectWhite Rose of YorkOn Ilkla Moor Baht 'atYorkshire SocietyYorkshire TeaYorkshire Ridings SocietyParkin (cake)Pontefract CakesSaddleworth White Rose SocietyYorkshire DayNewspapers of Yorkshire

Organisations: Army Foundation College Harrogate • ARTTS InternationalBettys and Taylors of HarrogateBlack Sheep BreweryHenlys GroupRAF Linton-on-OuseScouting in Central YorkshireYorkshire Wildlife TrustYorkshire RegimentYorkshire Air AmbulanceTheakston BreweryRooster's BreweryRAF LeconfieldRockingham Pottery

Geography: Geology of YorkshireRiver RawtheyGrass Wood, WharfedaleBarbon BeckDamflask ReservoirPugneys Country ParkYorkshire DalesAgden ReservoirRead's IslandSkipton WoodsPeak DistrictDriffield NavigationNorth York Moors

People: Gascoigne familyHigh Sheriff of YorkshireLord Lieutenant of HumbersideLord Lieutenant of Yorkshire

Governance: West Riding of Yorkshire (UK Parliament constituency)Leeds (UK Parliament constituency)Barkston Ash (UK Parliament constituency)Humberside PoliceYorkshire ForwardYorkshire (UK Parliament constituency)

History: DeifrForest of GaltresJorvikThornborough HengesWar of the Roses


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