Porter, Indiana

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Porter, Indiana
Town
Lincoln Street in Porter
Lincoln Street in Porter
Location of Porter in the state of Indiana
Location of Porter in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 41°37′34″N 87°4′18″W / 41.62611°N 87.07167°W / 41.62611; -87.07167Coordinates: 41°37′34″N 87°4′18″W / 41.62611°N 87.07167°W / 41.62611; -87.07167
Country United States
State Indiana
County Porter
Township Westchester
Area[1]
 • Total 6.48 sq mi (16.78 km2)
 • Land 6.20 sq mi (16.06 km2)
 • Water 0.28 sq mi (0.73 km2)
Elevation 640 ft (195 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 4,858
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 4,878
 • Density 783.5/sq mi (302.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 46304
Area code(s) 219
FIPS code 18-61164[4]
GNIS feature ID 0441459[5]
Website http://www.townofporter.com/

Porter is a town in Westchester Township, Porter County, Indiana, United States. The population was 4,858 at the 2010 census. Porter is in the Indiana Dunes ecosystem, which played a role in the creation of The Nature Conservancy,[6][7] and inspired conservation efforts[8][9][10][11]

Porter is noted for its proximity to the Indiana Dunes State Park and for its railroad heritage. Porter was the southern terminus for the Chicago and West Michigan Railway.

Geography[edit]

Porter is located at 41°37′34″N 87°4′18″W / 41.62611°N 87.07167°W / 41.62611; -87.07167 (41.626005, -87.071798).[12]

According to the 2010 census, the town has a total area of 6.48 square miles (16.8 km2), of which 6.20 square miles (16.1 km2) (or 95.68%) is land and 0.28 square miles (0.73 km2) (or 4.32%) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 524
1920 699 33.4%
1930 805 15.2%
1940 1,190 47.8%
1950 1,458 22.5%
1960 2,189 50.1%
1970 3,058 39.7%
1980 2,988 −2.3%
1990 3,118 4.4%
2000 4,972 59.5%
2010 4,858 −2.3%
Source: US Census Bureau

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 4,858 people, 1,832 households, and 1,310 families residing in the town. The population density was 783.5 inhabitants per square mile (302.5 /km2). There were 1,978 housing units at an average density of 319.0 per square mile (123.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 94.3% White, 1.1% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 1.6% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.6% of the population.

There were 1,832 households of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.5% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.12.

The median age in the town was 39.1 years. 25.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27% were from 25 to 44; 29.2% were from 45 to 64; and 10.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.5% male and 50.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 4,972 people, 1,844 households, and 1,300 families residing in the town. The population density was 788.8 people per square mile (304.7/km²). There were 1,966 housing units at an average density of 311.9 per square mile (120.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.14% White, 0.82% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.62% from other races, and 1.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.69% of the population.

There were 1,844 households out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the town the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 7.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $50,625, and the median income for a family was $60,254. Males had a median income of $50,799 versus $26,055 for females. The per capita income for the town was $24,615. About 4.9% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under age 18 and 1.4% of those age 65 or over.

Historic Sites[edit]

The Joseph Bailly Homestead is located in Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore on Howe Road, just north of U.S. 20. It is the residence of three generations of the Bailly family. Joseph and Marie Bailly arrived here in 1822 from the St. Joseph River in Michigan. He had been a fur trader on Lake Michigan for nearly 30 years when he set up his family home along the Little Calumet River.[13]

The Chellberg Farm is also a three generation home, but of the family of Anders Kjellburg (Chellberg). He brought his family to this Swedish community in 1869, purchaisng 80 acres (32 ha) from the Bailly descendents.[13] The farm is located on Mineral Springs Road, north of U.S. 20.

Augsburg Luthern Church Porter Indiana.JPG

The Augsburg Swedish Lutheran Church and Cemetery are located on Beam Street, west of town. The Cemetery was begun in 1878.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Places: Indiana". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Smith, S.H. & Mark, S. (2010). The historical roots of The Nature Conservancy in the Northwest Indiana/Chicagoland Region: From science to preservation. The South Shore Journal, 3, 1-10.
  7. ^ http://www.southshorejournal.org/index.php/issues/volume-3-2009/83-journals/vol-3-2009/75-the-historical-roots-of-the-nature-conservancy-in-the-northwest-indianachicagoland-region-from-science-to-preservation
  8. ^ Smith, S. & Mark, S. (2007). The cultural impact of a museum in a small community: The Hour Glass of Ogden Dunes. The South Shore Journal, 2, pp. 16-28.
  9. ^ http://www.southshorejournal.org/index.php/issues/volume-2-2007/82-journals/vol-2-2007/104-the-cultural-impact-of-a-museum-in-a-small-community-the-hour-glass-in-ogden-dunes
  10. ^ Smith, S. & Mark, S. (2006). Alice Gray, Dorothy Buell, and Naomi Svihla:Preservationists of Ogden Dunes. The South Shore Journal, 1, 15-21
  11. ^ . http://www.southshorejournal.org/index.php/issues/volume-1-2006/78-journals/vol-1-2006/117-alice-gray-dorothy-buell-and-naomi-svihla-preservationists-of-ogden-dunes
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  13. ^ a b Cultural Sites of Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, National Park Service, 2006
  14. ^ Porter County, Interim Report, Indiana Historic Sites and Structures; Historic Landmarks of Indiana, July 1991 Inventory

External links[edit]