Porthoustock

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Porthoustock
The loading silo at Porthoustock beach
Cliffs and Quarry near Porthoustock

Porthoustock is a hamlet near St Keverne in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom, on the east coast of Lizard Peninsula. Aggregates are quarried nearby and Porthoustock beach is dominated by a large concrete stone mill. The mill was once used to crush stone but is now disused. Coastal trading ships of up to 82 metres (269 feet) can dock alongside the wharf along the southern edge of the beach to be loaded with stone. Fishing boats operate from the shingle beach, with lobster and crab potting, net fishing and long lining as the principal fishing methods. The South West Coast Path passes through Porthoustock.

Porthoustock lies within the Cornwall Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). Almost a third of Cornwall has AONB designation, with the same status and protection as a National Park.

History[edit]

Porthoustock originated as a fishing hamlet. However, from the 1890s the village developed as a port for the local stone quarries. There has been quarrying activity in Porthoustock since the late 19th century. By the 1940s the quarries were owned by Amalgamated Roadstone and provided stone to build Cornwall's wartime airfields. Porthoustock survived a German bombing raid in November 1940 with no casualties.

Porthoustock's proximity to The Manacles, a set of treacherous rocks which extend about 1-nautical-mile (1.9 km) east and south east of Manacle Point means that it has been the location for numerous shipwrecks. The Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI) stationed a lifeboat at Porthoustock in 1869 and built a boat house by the beach. The station was closed in 1942 and has since become the village hall.[1] The last boat stationed here was the Kate Walker which arrived in 1931. After it was sold in 1946 it was converted to a yacht and was reported as being at Felixstowe Ferry in 2007.[2]

Geology[edit]

Analcime, analcite, epidote, hornblende, prehnite, calcite, diorite and pectolite are all minerals extracted from the quarries in Porthoustock. A natural rock formation known as the Giant's Quoits stands on the cliffs above Porthoustock.[3] The rocks once stood on Manacle Point but were moved to their current position in 1967 due to the expansion of the quarries.

The cliffs and quarries to the south of the hamlet are designated as part of Coverack to Porthoustock SSSI (Site of Special Scientific Interest) for their geological interest.[3]

Economy[edit]

Aram Resources' West of England Quarry is situated adjacent to Porthoustock village. The quarry works a dark green diorite rock mass and has its own wharf allowing the loading of aggregates directly from the quarry to ships. The wharf is protected from the prevailing southwesterly Atlantic weather systems, ensuring minimal disruption to ship loading.

Diving[edit]

Porthoustock is a popular launching beach for divers en route to The Manacles and instruction in diving is available.[4]

Notable residents[edit]

Titanic survivor Mrs Annie Margaret Hold was born in Porthoustock. Porthoustock resident Margaret James was jailed for 20 years in July 2006 for the 2004 murder of parish councillor, Peter Solheim.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leach, Nicholas (2006) [2000]. Cornwall's Lifeboat Heritage. Chacewater: Twelveheads Press. pp. 37–38. ISBN 0-906294-43-6. 
  2. ^ Denton, Tony (2009). Handbook 2009. Shrewsbury: Lifeboat Enthusiasts Society. pp. 10–11. 
  3. ^ a b "Coverack to Porthoustock". Natural England. 1993. Retrieved 28 November 2011. 
  4. ^ Clegg, David (2005) Cornwall & the Isles of Scilly. Leicester: Matador; p. 192
  5. ^ "Grandmother guilty of murder plot". BBC. 5 July 2006. Retrieved 27 August 2010. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Porthoustock at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 50°3′N 5°4′W / 50.050°N 5.067°W / 50.050; -5.067