Portland (steam tug 1947)
The Portland passing under the Steel Bridge in 2012
|Owner:||Oregon Maritime Museum|
|Port of registry:||United States of America|
|Builder:||Northwest Marine Iron Works of Portland, Oregon|
|Cost:||$472,000 ($4.99 million in today's dollars)|
|Launched:||May 24, 1947|
|In service:||August 29, 1947|
|Out of service:||1981|
|Type:||shallow draft inland tug|
|Length:||219 ft (67 m)|
|Beam:||42.1 ft (12.8 m)|
|Draft:||5.5 ft (1.7 m)|
|Installed power:||2 × one-cylinder, 900 hp (670 kW) steam engines|
|Propulsion:||25 ft (7.6 m) diameter, 26 ft (7.9 m) wide stern paddlewheel|
|Crew:||two 7-man shifts and 1 cook|
Portland (steam tug)
The Portland preparing to dock
|Location||Portland, Oregon, berthed on the Willamette River at the foot of SW Pine Street|
|Built by||Northwest Marine Iron Works|
|NRHP Reference #||97000847|
|Added to NRHP||August 14, 1997|
Portland (or the Portland) is a sternwheel steamboat built in 1947 for the Port of Portland (the port district in Portland, Oregon, United States) that is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The vessel is moored at the Willamette River seawall next to Tom McCall Waterfront Park in downtown Portland when not underway, and the Portland now hosts the Oregon Maritime Museum and is owned by the non-profit organization of the same name.
Last of her kind
The Portland was built in 1947, at a time when steam paddlewheels were giving way to more modern propulsion systems. The Portland was originally proposed as a diesel-powered screw-driven vessel, but at the request of the Columbia River Pilots Association she was built with more traditional propulsion. As a result, she was the last steam-powered, sternwheel tugboat built in the United States. She was also the last such vessel still in service in the U.S. at the time of her retirement in 1981. For these reasons, she is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as "an outstanding representative of her type and method of construction."
The Portland was delivered to the Port of Portland on August 29, 1947, and was operated by both Willamette Tug & Barge and Shaver Transportation until she was retired in 1981. By that time, the Port of Portland was serving oil supertankers from Alaska that were too large for the Portland to assist, and container ships with bow thrusting capabilities that reduced the need for tug assistance.
Oregon Maritime Museum
In 1991, nearly ten years after the Portland was retired, ownership was transferred to the Oregon Maritime Museum for $1, where restoration work began with the intent of turning her into a stationary museum ship. Interest and fundraising for the project exceeded expectations, allowing the Portland to be restored to a functioning, seaworthy condition. Restoration work was completed in 1993. In 1994, she was moved to her present location, at Tom McCall Waterfront Park in downtown Portland, where she is available most days for tours. In 2002, the static displays for the Oregon Maritime Museum – called the Oregon Maritime Center and Museum until 2004 – were brought on board and are now a part of the tour.
1952 freeing S.G. Follis
The heavy-laden S.G. Follis, inbound to Portland, ran firm aground at the Sauvie Island dike. Other tugs tried to free her to no avail when the Portland came on the scene. With lines fast to S.G. Follis, the wash from Portland's paddle wheel in full reverse began to loosen the sand under S.G. Follis, allowing the Portland to work her free.
1957 Portland saves the Hawthorne Bridge
On April 14, 1957, two ships set to be scrapped broke from their moorings and collided with the Hawthorne Bridge. Two of the most powerful diesel tugs available were unable to do much more than relieve some of the strain from the bridge. The Portland was able to free the ships and tow them to moorings before the strain broke the bridge. The Columbia River Pilots Association saw this incident as justification for having insisted that the Portland be a steam-powered sternwheeler.
In 2008, the Portland was set to participate in the first steamboat race on the Columbia River in more than half a century. She was set to race against the sternwheeler Columbia Gorge, as a part of the Sternwheeler Days Festival in Cascade Locks, Oregon. Portland's steering locked, and she ran into the bank, damaging her wheel. Without power or steering, she drifted towards the Bonneville Dam until another tug secured a line and towed her to safety. A Coast Guard investigation cited a problem with an improperly repaired gear in the steering system dating back to 1997. Portland and Columbia Gorge have since raced at least three times, with the Portland winning two of the races.
As the Portland was docking for the Heritage Maritime Festival in St. Helens, she backed into the Portland Pirate Festival's tall ship Royaliste. While no one was injured, significant damage was done to Royaliste. As of July 2012, an investigation was ongoing.
Pop culture references
- The Portland played the role of the gambling vessel Lauren Belle for the 1994 movie Maverick.
- The Portland's stern appears at the end of the opening credits for the TV series Portlandia, Seasons 1 and 2.
- "History". Oregon Maritime Museum. Retrieved August 3, 2012.
- "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Portland, Steam Tug" (pdf). National Park Service. June 25, 1997. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
"Accompanying Photos" (pdf). National Park Service. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
- Stewart, Bill (February 13, 1997). "Paddle-wheel vessel Portland celebrates its 50th birthday". The Oregonian. Portland Zoner section, p. 3.
- "Str. PORTLAND". steamboats.org. Retrieved August 3, 2012.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "Oregon National Register List" (pdf). Oregon Parks and Recreation Department. June 6, 2011. p. 39. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
- Boone, Jerry (June 10, 1993). "Restored sternwheeler Portland has history, not just churning paddles, behind it". The Oregonian. Portland Zoner section, p. 2.
- Swart, Cornelius (July 18, 2012). "Another troubled voyage for Oregon Maritime Museum's vintage sternwheeler". The Oregonian. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
- Mahar, Ted (June 3, 1993). "Restored tug steams back to Portland to stay". The Oregonian. p. C3.
- Stewart, Bill (June 25, 2002). "Maritime Museum moves onto river tug". The Oregonian. p. B3.
- Heinz, Spencer (October 22, 2007). "This old tug is steaming back to life". The Oregonian. p. B1.
- "Sternwheeler Days and The Great Steamboat Race". Portland Spirit. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
- Larsen, Kate (July 25, 2012). "Statement from owner of the tall ship Royaliste". Portland Pirate Festival LLC. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
- Ryll, Thomas (April 30, 1999). "Tug with oomph of a star to visit the steam-powered vessel 'Portland' had a role in 'Maverick'". The Columbian. Retrieved September 9, 2012.(subscription required)
Media related to Portland (ship, 1947) at Wikimedia Commons