Portland Hotel

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The hotel about 1900. The tall chimneys on the roof were shortened in the 1910s, as can be seen in the 1919 image below.

The Portland Hotel (or Hotel Portland) was a late-19th-century hotel in Portland, Oregon, United States that once occupied the city block on which Pioneer Courthouse Square now stands.[1] It closed in 1951 after 61 years of operation.[2]

History[edit]

Advertising from 1919 with image of hotel

The building was designed by William M. Whidden, later of the prominent Portland architectural firm Whidden & Lewis, and Charles Follen McKim of McKim, Mead, & White.[3] The site was previously occupied by the Central School Building. To make way for the hotel, that building was purchased by Philip A. Marquam, one of the hotel project's financial backers, and relocated it one block north (to where the Selling Building now stands).[4]

Railroad magnate Henry Villard financed the Portland Hotel and construction began in 1882,[5] but his finances collapsed—in part because of the Panic of 1884—and the construction stopped for five years.[6][7] With only the foundation completed, the site became known as "Villard's Ruins" and the bodies of two murder victims were found there before construction resumed.[5][6] George B. Markle, Jr. began a campaign to raise local money to complete the hotel. He generated enough interest and subscribers to his plan, among them Henry W. Corbett, Henry Failing, Simeon Reed and William S. Ladd, to get construction started again.[1][6][8][9] Later investors included labor leader Ed Boyce.[6]

The Queen Anne, Châteauesque hotel finally opened in 1890 and had eight floors and 326 bedrooms.[1][10] It had cost well over a million dollars and eight years to complete.[1]

Portland Hotel stood between Southwest Morrison and Yamhill, on 6th Street (now called 6th Avenue), facing the Pioneer Courthouse.[1] Purchased in 1944 by Julius Meier and Aaron Frank, the deteriorating structure was demolished in 1951 and replaced by a parking structure for the Meier & Frank Building.[1][6][9][10] The final day of operation was August 15, 1951.[2] All of the hotel's furnishings and fixtures were disposed of at a public auction on August 28–29, 1951, the iron scrollwork gates being sold to Eric Ladd, a local contractor[11] and historic preservationist (no relation to William Ladd).[12]

When Pioneer Courthouse Square was built on the site in 1984, the iron scrollwork gate of the hotel was incorporated into the design.[1] Much of the hotel's original stone foundation remains under the square's sidewalks.[9]

Eleven U.S. presidents stayed at the Hotel Portland—each time, a new set of Haviland China was purchased for the occasion.[10]

A. E. Doyle was approached about designing an addition to the hotel, but this never got past the planning stages.[13]

Radio stations[edit]

The Portland Hotel became the home of KQP radio beginning on November 9, 1925 when the station moved from Hood River, Oregon. The KQP studios were located on the 5th floor in room 544. On April 12, 1926, KQP's call letters were changed to KOIN. On June 21, 1926 KOIN moved its studios to the Heathman Hotel.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Flores, Trudy; Sarah Griffith (2002). "Portland Hotel, 1890". Oregon Historical Society. Retrieved 2008-05-15. 
  2. ^ a b Turner, Wallace (August 15, 1951). "Sadness Marks Exodus From Old Portland Hotel: Historical Hostelry Ends 61 Years". The Oregonian, p. 1.
  3. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Failing Building". kimfitzgerald.net. Retrieved 2008-05-15. 
  4. ^ "P.A. Marquam Dies on Wedding Date; Pioneering Jurist of Portland Passes on 59th Anniversary of Marriage". (May 8, 1912). The Morning Oregonian, p. 4.
  5. ^ a b King, Bart. "Portland Postcards!".  (author of An Architectural Guidebook to Portland, site includes several vintage postcard images of Portland hotels)
  6. ^ a b c d e Kantor, Gregg (1986). "Planning in Portland, Oregon: History of Planning: Pioneer Courthouse Square". Nohan A. Toulan School of Urban Studies and Planning at Portland State University. Archived from the original on 2007-10-11. Retrieved 2008-05-15. 
  7. ^ McDonald, Scott B.; Jane E. Hughes (2006). Separating Fools from Their Money: a History of American Financial Scandals. Transaction Publishers (via Google Books). ISBN 0-7658-0356-9. Retrieved 2008-05-15. 
  8. ^ Gaston, Joseph. (1911). Portland, Oregon, Its History and Builders. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Pub. Co. (via Google Books) pp. 517-20.
  9. ^ a b c "Pioneer Courthouse Square History". pioneercourthousesquare.org. Retrieved 2008-05-15. 
  10. ^ a b c "Hotel Portland". pdxhistory.com. Retrieved 2008-05-15.  (includes many historic exterior and interior images)
  11. ^ "Auction Tolls End of Hotel: Landmark Gates To Stay in City". The Oregonian, August 30, 1951, p. 12.
  12. ^ "Ladd Carriage House, National Register of Historic Places Registration Form" (PDF). Oregon.gov (state web site). January 7, 2010. p. 12 in section 8. Archived from the original on June 3, 2010. Retrieved April 24, 2011. 
  13. ^ Lenceck, Lena; Gideon Bosker (1985). Frozen Music, a History of Portland Architecture. Oregon Historical Society. ISBN 0-87595-164-3. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°31′08″N 122°40′45″W / 45.518872°N 122.6793°W / 45.518872; -122.6793