Portland International Jetport
|Portland International Jetport|
|IATA: PWM – ICAO: KPWM – FAA LID: PWM
|Owner/Operator||City of Portland|
|Elevation AMSL||76 ft / 23 m|
|Source: Federal Aviation Administration|
Portland International Jetport (IATA: PWM, ICAO: KPWM, FAA LID: PWM) is a public airport two miles (3 km) west of downtown Portland, in Cumberland County, Maine. It is owned and operated by the city of Portland. A portion of the Jetport's property, including the main runway, is in the neighboring city of South Portland.
The airport is the busiest in the state. In 2007 it handled a record 1.6 million passengers, up 17.0% from the previous year, and handled 1.7 million passengers in the years 2008–2011. In recent years, the Jetport has benefited from service by low-cost carriers such as AirTran Airways and JetBlue. A survey conducted in June 2011 found PWM to be the most affordable airport in the region, and the third most affordable in New England. In October 2011, PWM completed a $75 million renovation and expansion of its terminal to allow more airline service and more amenities for passengers.
- 1 History
- 2 Airlines and destinations
- 3 Air cargo operators and destinations
- 4 Traffic and statistics
- 5 Ground transportation
- 6 Accidents and incidents
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The airfield was founded in the late 1920s by Dr. Clifford "Kip" Strange, who needed space for his JN-4 "Jenny" Biplane. Known as Stroudwater Field, the airport received its first commercial service on August 1, 1931, when Boston-Maine Airways began a flight from Portland to Boston. Two years later, the city of Portland bought the airfield and changed its name to Portland-Westbrook Municipal Airport. "Westbrook" referred to the location of the last directional light before the airport in the nearby city of Westbrook.
The present airport started to take shape in the 1950s. The March 1951 chart shows runway 1 4260 ft long, runway 10 2900 ft, and runway 15 4010 ft. Runway 11/29 was built in 1957 and lengthened to 6,800 feet (2,073 m) in 1966. The current terminal opened in 1968, when jet flights began.
1960s – 1970s
Boston-Maine Airways had a monopoly on passenger air travel at Portland, which continued after the airline was renamed Northeast Airlines. Another airline emerged in 1962, when Atlantic Airways began service to Boston's Logan International Airport. This competition was short lived-- there is no other information about the airline other than one timetable.
Jet flights began in 1968, and for the first time Portland got a nonstop beyond Boston when Northeast DC-9s flew to La Guardia. Northeast would be alone at the airport until 1970 when Aroostook Airways began flights between Presque Isle and Portland, with stops in Augusta and Bangor. This airline too faded into obscurity, lasting until 1972.
1980s – 1990s
In 1981 Air New England ceased operations and pulled out of the Jetport after 11 years. This departure was followed a year later by the arrival of Air Vermont, a regional carrier that flew between Portland and Burlington until expiring about 1983 or 1984.
In 1980 the passenger terminal expanded to the east with the addition of two baggage carousels. The building also expanded to the west by adding three-second-level jetways and a hold room.
In 1982 PWM got its first nonstop beyond New York, when Delta tried a 727 to Cincinnati for a year or so.
Peoplexpress Airlines arrived in 1983, the first jet competitor to Northeast/Delta at PWM. The airline, the first low-cost carrier at the Jetport, was known for rock-bottom prices. The airline flew between Portland and Newark, still operated today by United Airlines who merged with Continental Airlines, which had bought PEOPLExpress in 1987.
In June 1983 United Airlines arrived in Portland, planning to be the only airline to serve 50 states. It originally flew the Burlington route that had been left behind by Air Vermont and later flew nonstop to Chicago.
That same year, regional Ransome Airlines, doing business as Delta Connection, began a route between Portland and Boston. This ended in 1986 when Ransome was bought by Pan Am and renamed Pan Am Express.
1986 also brought US Airways (then USAir), who began flights to Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. Low-cost carrier Presidential Airways also began service from the Jetport in 1986, flying a route from Portland to Washington's Dulles International Airport. This would be short-lived, however, as Presidential Airways ceased operations by the end of the decade.
1987 saw the arrival of Continental Airlines, when the airline bought PEOPLExpress and took over their routes. It saw the beginning of Business Express, a commuter airline offering service from Portland to Boston, New York-LaGuardia, and Presque Isle, originally independently, and then doing business as Delta Connection.
In 1995 a terminal building improvement project was undertaken to add two-second-level boarding gates, as well as additional space for ticketing, operations, departure lounge, concessions, and an international customs facility.
In the wake of the September 11 attacks many U.S. airlines cut flights. This furthered the airlines' shift from mainline jets to smaller regional jets or turboprops at PWM. In late 2002 American Eagle stopped flying to the Jetport.
In 2004 Runway 11/29 was lengthened to 7,200 feet (2,195 m).
On September 1, 2005 Delta Air Lines ended mainline service to PWM. Despite the airline's strong history at Portland, serving the Jetport with aircraft as large as the Boeing 727 and 757, Delta briefly downgraded flights subcontracting to smaller aircraft operated by Delta Connection on Bombardier CRJ series. In the late 2000s and continuing today, Delta reinstated mainline service at Portland.
Some service began to return as the industry's economics improved in 2005 and 2006. The first step up came with the introduction of the low cost carrier Independence Air in 2005. On May 1, 2005, Independence added a daily flight to Washington Dulles on an Airbus A319, making them the first carrier to fly an Airbus out of Portland. Portland was one of the few markets that Independence Air consistently served with its A319s, and at the time of its bankruptcy Portland was rumored to be one of its few profitable destinations. FedEx Express also began using an Airbus A310 widebody jet on its cargo flights to Memphis later that year, although today the company primarily uses a 757 for those flights.
After Independence Air went bankrupt Portland had no low-cost carrier, causing fares to go up, and passenger numbers to decline. Capitalizing on the underserved market, JetBlue Airways began service to Portland on May 23, 2006, with four daily flights to New York-JFK aboard Airbus A320 and Embraer 190 jets. This made them the second-largest air carrier at the Jetport (in terms of available seats) nearly overnight. This addition of service inspired what is known as The Southwest Effect, where the addition of a large number of low cost seats in a market forces down the price of competing tickets.
On June 7, 2007 AirTran Airways began seasonal service to Baltimore-Washington, and to Orlando, Florida. AirTran was the second low-cost carrier in Portland, competing with JetBlue. This was Portland's first scheduled non-stop flight to Florida. AirTran serves the Jetport with Boeing 717s and 737s. At the same time as AirTran's arrival, JetBlue announced that it would be adding a fifth flight to New York, further increasing the number of available low cost seats. On September 26, 2007 JetBlue announced a daily direct flight to Orlando, using its Embraer 190, beginning in January 2008. The year 2007 was a record high for Portland: the added service posted a 17% increase in passengers from the year before.
In 2008 Delta Air Lines resumed mainline service to Portland, a daily flight to Atlanta on a McDonnell Douglas MD-88. A regional startup, New England Air Transport (NEAT) began intrastate air service, flying three times weekly to Aroostook County with a Piper Chieftain. This was the first intrastate service offered out of Portland in more than a decade. With these increases, 2008 also saw a number of losses of service, with air traffic in an overall decline as the airline industry scaled back due to the Great Recession.
At the onset of 2009 international service resumed. Starlink Aviation announced service between Portland and Halifax, Nova Scotia and Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, to begin in February of that year. In fall of 2009, PWM built an official plane spotting area on Aviation Boulevard in South Portland, allowing aircraft enthusiasts to observe flights arriving and departing. Prior to the 2001 terrorist attacks, plane spotters observed Jetport activity from Jetport Plaza Road and Jetport Access Road, but such activity was subsequently prohibited in the wake of the attacks due to security concerns. The official plane spotting area includes a sign depicting some of the passenger aircraft typically seen at the Jetport.
In 2010 Starlink Aviation ended its service to Yarmouth and Halifax, Nova Scotia, citing the loss of a Canadian subsidy. Soon after Starlink ended their service, a Maine-based company, Twin Cities Air Service, began flying between Portland and Yarmouth on a semi-daily basis. This began on March 15, 2010. Twin Cities ceased its scheduled service out of PWM in December 2012, but continues to offer the route on a charter basis.
Also in 2010, Air Canada announced that it would be launching a number of new routes out of Toronto, including a flight to Portland. The twice-daily Portland-Toronto service began on May 17, 2010, operated by Air Georgian using Beechcraft 1900D aircraft. Air Canada pulled out of Portland on March 1, 2013, once again leaving PWM without scheduled international service.
The Jetport began construction on its expanded terminal as well as several infrastructure improvements in 2010. Major expansion of the airline terminal – which had already been expanded at least twice – took place throughout 2010 and 2011. The expanded terminal opened to the public on October 2, 2011. The $75 million project, designed by Gensler and built by Turner Construction, brought a number of changes, including improvements to the check-in areas and security, reconfiguration of the airport access road and terminal roads, and rehabilitation and expansion of the parking garage. The new terminal features a geothermal heating and cooling system – the largest of its kind in Maine – which is expected to reduce the Jetport's consumption of heating oil by up to 102,000 gallons per year. Expansion and improvements are also planned or are in-work for the General Aviation ramp, enlarging the cargo ramp and facilities, re-configuring the alignment of taxiways, improving the airport's deicing facilities, and lengthening Runway 18/36.
A survey conducted in June 2011 by travel web site Cheapflights found PWM to be an affordable airport in the region compared to (Manchester, Bangor, and Logan), and the third most affordable in New England (behind Bradley and T. F. Green).
Airlines and destinations
Air cargo operators and destinations
|FedEx Express||Burlington (VT), Memphis|
|FedEx Feeder operated by Wiggins Airways||Bangor, Manchester (NH), Presque Isle, Hartford|
Traffic and statistics
|1||New York (JFK), New York||100,220||JetBlue|
|2||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||98,760||US Airways|
|5||New York (LaGuardia), New York||86,310||Delta|
|6||Washington (National), D.C.||72,070||US Airways|
|7||Newark, New Jersey||70,970||United|
|8||Chicago (O'Hare), Illinois||56,960||United|
|10||Charlotte, North Carolina||41,530||US Airways|
The airport is accessible from I-95 (the Maine Turnpike) and I-295. The jetport provides ample parking space in multiple ground lots as well as two parking garages, with rates ranging from $10–$12 per day. A complimentary cell phone lot is available just outside the baggage claim area. METRO Bus and taxi service can be accessed from the ground transportation booth outside the baggage claim. A shuttle bus service called The Portland Explorer provides access to area hotels and to other local transportation, such as the Amtrak Downeaster train service, and Concord Coach Lines intercity bus service at the Portland Transportation Center.
Accidents and incidents
- On July 11, 1944, at 4:45 PM, U.S. Army Lt. Phillip "Phee" Russell was attempting to land his Douglas A-26 Invader at PWM. For reasons that were never fully determined, Russell lost control of the plane and crashed into a trailer park in South Portland's Brick Hill neighborhood. 19 people were killed and 20 people were injured – mostly women and children – making it the worst aviation accident in Maine history. The Long Creek Air Tragedy Memorial was erected in 2010 to honor the victims of this accident.
- On July 17, 2010, at around 3:27 PM, an Aerostar Yak-52 with registration number N52MY – a two-person, single-engine aircraft – crashed near a South Portland shopping plaza, a few hundred feet from the Jetport. The plane had just taken off from the Jetport's main runway after making several touch-and-go landings and was apparently trying to return to the Jetport due to a mechanical problem. Both occupants of the plane were killed. There were no injuries on the ground. NTSB investigators say the plane's propeller was not turning at the time of impact. The owner and pilot of the plane, Mark Haskell, was an air traffic controller at PWM. The passenger in the plane, Thomas Casagrande, was a certified flight instructor and retired military test pilot who was conducting Haskell's recertification that day. The sign at the Jetport's plane spotting area is dedicated in memory of Haskell. The NTSB determined the probable cause of the accident to be the pilot's failure to maintain adequate airspeed during an emergency return to the airport following a total loss of engine power.
- The airport was the starting point of Mohamed Atta and Abdulaziz al-Omari's travels on September 11, 2001. The pair flew to Boston on board a US Airways commuter flight, where they boarded American Airlines Flight 11 and later hijacked it and crashed it into One World Trade Center. Their rental car was later taken from the Jetport. The reasons for the flight to Boston are unknown as Atta and al-Omari had to pass through security again on the itinerary at Boston Logan Airport prior to boarding the American Airlines flight.
- FAA Airport Master Record for PWM ( PDF), effective December 20, 2007
- Billings, Randy (July 11, 2009). "Cities, Trail Groups Stall Jetport Runway Expansion". The Forecaster (Portland, ME). Retrieved March 8, 2010.
- Portland International Jetport Airport Statistics
- "National Survey Finds Portland International Jetport is Region's Most Affordable". Portland International Jetport. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
- Turkel, Tux (September 30, 2011). "Wheels Up for Jetport's New Terminal". Portland Press Herald. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
- Larsson, Björn; Zekria, David (March 7, 2010). "Northeast Airlines – Boston-Maine Airways Central Vermont Airways". Airline Timetable Images. Retrieved March 8, 2010.
- "History". Portland International Jetport. Retrieved March 8, 2010.
- Don, Henchel (March 7, 2010). Larsson, Björn; Zekria, David, eds. "Atlantic Airways". Airline Timetable Images. Retrieved March 8, 2010.
- Don, Henchel (March 7, 2010). Larsson, Björn; Zekria, David, eds. "Aroostook Airways". Airline Timetable Images. Retrieved March 8, 2010.
- Sloan, Perry A. (August 14, 2006). "Air New England". AirTimes. Retrieved March 8, 2010.
- Delta and Northeast Airlines Routemaps and Timetables
- "74intro". Departed Flights. Retrieved March 8, 2010.
- Airport Master Plan for Portland International Jetport
- "US70186". Departed Flights. Retrieved July 4, 2010.
- "PWM89intro". Departed Flights. Retrieved July 4, 2010.
- "Presidential Timetable 12/18/86". DC-9: Presidential Airways History, Fleet (B737 and BAe-146) and Memorabilia. Retrieved July 4, 2010.
- "Independence Air / Portland Loads". FlyerTalk Forums. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
- "Airport Statistics". City of Portland. Archived from the original on June 9, 2007. Retrieved June 11, 2007.
- Portland Jetport Airport Statistics
- Matuszewski, Kara (September 25, 2008). "New Air Service Connects Aroostook County And Southern Maine". WCSH.
- Quimby, Beth (August 20, 2011). "Jetport Spotters". Portland Press Herald. Retrieved August 20, 2011.
- Twin Cities Air Service
- Air Canada Announces Service to Seven US Cities – Portland Jetport
- "Executive Summary Report" (PDF) (Press release). Coffman Associates. 2007. Retrieved June 11, 2007.
- Portland International Jetport Takes Flight
- Turkel, Tux (August 18, 2010). "Jetport Project Tapping Earth's Energy". Portland Press Herald. Retrieved August 18, 2010.
- Sloan, Perry. "Bar Harbor Airlines". AirTimes. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- "Delta/N East". Airchive.com. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- "Northeast Express Regional Airlines". AirTimes. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
- Sloan, Perry. "Air Vermont". AirTimes. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- "People Express". AirChive.com. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- "Ransome Airlines Route Map Circa June 1, 1985". DepartedFlights.com. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- Sloan, Chris. "1985 – October 31". Airchive.com. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
- "USAir Route Map July 1, 1986". DepartedFlights.com. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- Sloan, Chris. "1987 – February 1". Airchive.com. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
- Sloan, Perry. "Business Express/Atlantic Air Routemaps and Timetables". AirTimes. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- "YHZ89intro". Official Airline Guide Flight Schedules. DepartedFlights.com. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- "Official Airline Guide Flight Schedules Portland, Maine 1989". DepartedFlights.com. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- "Northwest Airlines to Begin Service to Portland, Maine; Three Daily Flights Between Detroit and Portland Start June 2". Northwest Airlines. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- Sloan, Chris. "1998 – April 13". Airchive.com. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
- Sloan, Chris. "2000 – December 20". Airchive.com. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
- "Nova Scotia-based Businesses Partner to Entice New England Group Meetings to Province.". Air Canada. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- "Independence Air to Begin Service to Portland Tomorrow". Independence Air. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
- "JetBlue Gives Four Maine Reasons to Fly to Portland: Four Daily Flights From New York's JFK Begin May 23". JetBlue Corporate Communications. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
- Murphy, Edward D. (February 27, 2007). "AirTran to Offer Service at Jetport". Portland Press Herald.
- "Starlink Aviation celebrating new Yarmouth air service with ceremony at Halifax airport Tuesday". The Yarmouth County Vanguard. May 11, 2009. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
- "Starlink Aviation suspends air service in and out of Yarmouth airport as of Tuesday, Dec. 1". The Yarmouth County Vanguard. November 26, 2009. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
- Air Service between Portland and Nova Scotia Resumes
- http://aircanada.mediaroom.com/index.php?s=43&item=153 Air Canada expands service to seven more American cities
- Billings, Randy (April 1, 2010). "Fundraising for South Portland air crash memorial faces June deadline". The Forecaster. Retrieved July 12, 2010. "It happened at 4:45 p.m. on July 11, 1944."
- Cornish, Caroline (July 11, 2010). "Long Creek Air Tragedy Memorial is Dedicated". WCSH. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
- Billings, Randy (July 1, 2010). "South Portland Air Crash Memorial Takes Shape, Dedication Planned for July 11". The Forecaster. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
- "NTSB Identification: ERA10FA364". Retrieved July 30, 2010.
- "Two confirmed dead in South Portland Plane Crash". Portland Press Herald. July 17, 2010. Retrieved July 17, 2010.
- The Associated Press. "Small-plane crash in South Portland kills 2". Retrieved January 28, 2013.
- "Two Killed in South Portland Plane Crash". WCSH. July 17, 2010. Retrieved July 17, 2010.
- Hench, David (July 18, 2010). "Plane Crashes in South Portland". Portland Press Herald/Maine Sunday Telegram. Retrieved July 18, 2010.
- Hench, David; Hoey, Dennis (July 20, 2010). "NTSB: Plane Propeller Had Quit Turning Before Crash". Portland Press Herald. Retrieved July 20, 2010.
- Billings, Randy (July 20, 2010). "Pilot Prepped for Forced Landing in Fatal South Portland Plane Crash". The Forecaster. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Portland International Jetport.|
- Portland International Jetport, official site
- (PDF), effective July 24, 2014
- FAA Terminal Procedures for PWM, effective July 24, 2014
- Resources for this airport: