The main settlement of Porto Moniz
|Official name: Concelho do Porto Moniz|
|Civil Parishes||Achadas da Cruz, Porto Moniz, Ribeira da Janela, Seixal|
|- elevation||1,107 m (3,632 ft)|
|Lowest point||Sea level|
|- location||Atlantic Ocean|
|- elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|Length||6.80 km (4 mi), Southwest-Northeast|
|Width||15.77 km (10 mi), Northwest-Southeast|
|Area||82.92 km2 (32 sq mi)|
|Density||35.3 / km2 (91 / sq mi)|
|- Municipality||13 October 1835|
|- location||Praça do Lyra, Vila de Porto Moniz, Porto Moniz|
|- summer (DST)||WEST (UTC+1)|
|ISO 3166-2 code||PT-|
|Postal Zone||9270-053 Porto Moniz|
|Area Code & Prefix||(+351) 291 XXX XXX|
|Patron Saint||Nossa Senhora da Conceição|
|Municipal Address||Praça do Lyra
9270-053 Porto Moniz
|Municipal Holidays||22 July|
Location of the municipality of Porto Moniz in the archipelago of Madeira
|Wikimedia Commons: Porto Moniz|
|Statistics from INE (2001); geographic detail from Instituto Geográfico Português (2010)|
Porto Moniz (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpoɾtu muˈniʃ]) is a municipality in the northwest corner of the island of Madeira. It is located west of Santana and Machico, and northwest of Funchal, linked to Santana and Funchal by a main roadway from Calheta.
It is unclear when the area of Porto Moniz was first colonized, although it is likely that it occurred at the beginning of the last quarter of the 15th century. Francisco Moniz O Velho, is referred to as one of these first settlers, who had uncultivated lands in this area and was responsible for establishing a farm and chapel. Francisco Moniz was a nobleman from the Algarve, who married Filipa da Câmara (daughter of Garcia Rodrigues da Câmara). He was one of the sons of João Gonçalves Zarco, the discoverer of Porto Santo (1418) with Tristão Vaz Teixeira and later the island of Madeira with Bartolomeu Perestrelo (1419).
The municipality was created on 31 October 1835, but was quickly abolished and reestablished successively in 1849-1855, 1867-1871 and again in 1895-1898.
Administratively, the four parishes of Porto Moniz include:
- Achadas da Cruz - the smallest parish in population and area, sharing the highest parish definition with Ribeira da Janela;
- Porto Moniz - the largest parish by population (1700 inhabitants) and density (81/km²), it includes the settlement of Santa Maria Madalena and main settlement of Porto Moniz, which is located southeast of Ponta do Tristão, which is the northernmost point on the island (at 332 m above sea level)
- Ribeira da Janela - the smallest parish in density, but one of the two highest parishs in the municipality;
- Seixal - the largest parish by area.
Porto Moniz has a few schools, a few lyceums, a gymnasium, banks, a post office, a small port, beaches and squares or plazas (praças). It also has a large open-air swimming pool (piscina), which has been mostly formed out of natural rock pools.
The main source of industry are agriculture and fishing while a small number of businesses are located in the central agglomerations.