Portrack Marsh Nature Reserve
|Portrack Marsh Nature Reserve|
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
West Water in Portrack Marsh Nature Reserve
|Location||Stockton-on-Tees Borough, United Kingdom|
|Area||50 acres (20 ha)|
|Operator||Tees Valley Wildlife Trust|
Portrack Marsh Nature Reserve is a 50 acres (20 ha) reserve by the northern bank of the river Tees between the Tees Barrage and the Tees Viaduct, near Portrack housing estate in Stockton-on-Tees borough, County Durham. It is the last remaining wetland on the lower Tees. The site is bounded by Marston Road, a disused railway line, the Northumbrian Water's waste water treatment site, the river Tees, the Tees Barrage White Water Course, the grounds of The Talpore pub and a Tees Barrage access road.
Ownership of the reserve is split between Tees Valley Wildlife Trust and Northumbrian Water but the reserve is managed by Tees Valley Wildlife Trust. The reserve in the west and north is mature marsh while there are a series of man–made ponds in the remainder. The site is at an altitude of 10 metres (33 ft) over datum.
The land for the reserve is inside a former meander of the old river Tees. The loop was removed in 1830–31 by creating the Portrack Cut through the marshes, leaving an artificial oxbow lake, shortening the river and making it more navigable. Part of the oxbow lake of the old river bed was filled in leaving Portrack Lake but this was lost in the 1970s. Part of this land was purchased by Northumbrian Water for a water treatment works with the proviso that some of the land would be set aside and managed as a nature reserve. Tees Valley Wildlife Trust was established in 1979 and they own the western half of the reserve. In 1992 Northumbria Water created new pools in their part of the reserve.
Over the years various wildlife projects on the nature reserve have been funded by bodies such as The Environment Trust, the Heritage Lottery Fund, Northumbrian Water, and Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council.
The reserve has a number of ponds – in the north is Mallard Water, in the east Teal Lake and by the river Tees along the southern boundary, Willow Pond, and Darter Ponds with its dipping platform, and in the western half, West Water with its islands – some ponds are relatively shallow and some deep. In the north-east and far west of the reserve are areas of grassland.
Flora and fauna
Some 153 bird species have been recorded at this reserve with 90–100 recorded annually. Birds observed to have visited, lived or bred here include blackcap, black-tailed godwit, bluethroat, bullfinch, canada goose, chiffchaff, common sandpiper, common snipe, common tern, coot, corncrake, dunlin, gadwall, goldeneye, grasshopper warbler, great white egret, green sandpiper, greenshank, grey wagtail, jack snipe, kingfisher, knot, lapwing, lesser redpoll, little grebe, little ringed plover, long-eared owl, mallard, moorhen, mute swan, osprey, pectoral sandpiper, penduline tit, pochard, redshank, ring-billed gull, ringed plover, ruff, sandpiper, scaup, sedge warbler, short-eared owl, shoveller, reed warbler, siskin, spotted crake, stonechat, teal, tufted duck, turnstone, wheatear, whinchat, whitethroat, widgeon, willow warbler, wood sandpiper. Amphibians present on the site include the common newt.
The reserve is noted for its large and varied butterfly population. Insects to be found include butterflies (common blue, dingy skipper, greyling) and dragonflies (Broad-bodied Chaser, lesser emperor). Weevils were successfully introduced to the ponds to control the spread of azolla pond weed.
As for mammals, urban foxes have been seen in the area and the harvest mouse was introduced to the site in a schools project along with nesting boxes but the success of the introduction is uncertain.
The plants present include alder trees, mature hawthorn bushes, some of them planted by local schools. Other plants include alsike clover, bee orchid, cornflower, Japanese honeysuckle, lucern, marsh orchid, medicago, melilot, northern marsh-orchid, wild carrot, wild parsnip and in the ponds azolla pond weed, common reed, phragmites and reedmace.
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- Sharp, Chris (2006). "Teesmouth Bird Club Newsletter, Issue 34" (PDF). Teesmouth Bird Club. Retrieved 1 August 2010.
- "A Guide to Zoos and Aquariums 2008" (PDF). Group Travel Organiser. 2008. Retrieved 1 August 2010.
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- "Weevils save the day in battle against invasive pond weed". Tees Valley Biodiversity. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Mice get cosy new houses at Portrack Marsh Nature Reserve". Gazette Live. Evening Gazette. 26 August 2008. Retrieved 2 July 2010.
- "Record of Proceedings". Cleveland Naturalists' Field Club. 2002. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- Rogers, Victoria (8 September 2005). "Take a trip to Barrage". icTeesside – Evening Gazette. Retrieved 14 November 2011.