Portrait of the Duchess of Alba

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Portrait of the Duchess of Alba
Goya alba2.jpg
Artist Francisco Goya
Year 1797
Type oil-on-panel
Dimensions 194 cm × 130 cm (76.5 in × 51.25 in)
Location New York Hispanic Society, New York

The Portrait of the Duchess of Alba (sometimes known as the Mourning Portrait of the Duchess of Alba) is a 1797 oil-on-canvas painting by Spanish painter Francisco Goya. In the painting, María Cayetana de Silva, 13th Duchess of Alba (the Duchess) is thirty-five years old. As of 2012 the painting is kept at the New York Hispanic Society, operated by the Hispanic Society of America.[1][2]

About[edit]

The Portrait of the Duchess of Alba was painted in 1797 by Spanish painter Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes. The work is kept at the New York Hispanic Society, owned and operated by the Hispanic Society of America.[3][4] In the painting, the duchess (María Cayetana de Silva, 13th Duchess of Alba[a]) is thirty-five years old, and her husband had died the year before, so she is dressed in mourning clothes (attire). In the painting, she is pointing to the ground, where the words "solo Goya" are lightly engraved. She is wearing two rings, one engraved with the word "Alba", the other engraved with "Goya". The inscription of the word "solo" was initially hidden, but after the painting was restored the word was revealed.[5]

This work is among a number Goya painted of the duchess.[6] When she retreated to a residence after her husband died a year earlier[5] for a period of mourning, Goya followed and created numerous paintings and sketches of the duchess during her stay.[7] One day, the duchess walked into Goya's studio and requested that he put on the duchess' makeup, then create a painting for her, which he did. This painting is the Portrait of the Duchess of Alba, painted at her request.[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Full name: Spanish: Doña María del Pilar Teresa Cayetana de Silva Álvarez de Toledo y Silva Bazán, décimo tercera duquesa de Alba de Tormes, décima primera duquesa de Huéscar, sexta duquesa de Montoro, octava condesa-duquesa de Olivares, décimo primera marquesa del Carpio, décimo tercera marquesa de Coria, novena marquesa de Eliche, décimo segunda marquesa de Villanueva del Río, sexta marquesa de Tarazona, marquesa de Flechilla y Jarandilla, décimo primera condesa de Monterrey, décimo cuarta condesa de Lerín, décimo tercera condesa de Oropesa, décimo cuarta Condestablesa de Navarra, décimo segunda condesa de Galve, décimo cuarta condesa de Osorno, de jure duquesa de Galisteo, décimo primera condesa de Ayala, novena condesa de Fuentes de Valdepero, condesa de Alcaudete, condesa de Deleitosa, señora del estado de Valdecorneja, señora de las baronías de Dicastillo, San Martín, Curton y Guissens

References[edit]

  1. ^ Heinz Duthel. Francisco de Goya y Lucientes. epubli. pp. 1809–. GGKEY:42NRTU6Z8U8. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  2. ^ Milam, Jennifer Dawn (18 April 2011). Historical Dictionary of Rococo Art. Scarecrow Press. pp. 32–. ISBN 978-0-8108-6183-1. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  3. ^ "Goya Duchess". Columbia University. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Rose-Marie Hagen; Rainer Hagen (1 December 2002). What Great Paintings Say. Taschen. pp. 354–. ISBN 978-3-8228-2100-8. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  5. ^ Evan Connell (18 December 2003). Francisco Goya: A Life. Counterpoint Press. ISBN 978-1-58243-307-3. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  6. ^ Ronald J. Bradley; R. Adron Harris; Peter Jenner (3 April 2006). The Neurobiology of Painting: International Review of Neurobiology. Academic Press. pp. 306–. ISBN 978-0-12-366875-2. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  7. ^ Rose-Marie Hagen; Rainer Hagen (1 November 2003). Francisco Goya, 1746-1828. Taschen. pp. 41–. ISBN 978-3-8228-1823-7. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 

Further reading[edit]