Beer in Portugal
Beer in Portugal has a long history, going as far back as the time of the ancient Roman province of Lusitania, where beer was commonly made and drunk. Portugal is among the 11 largest beer producers in Europe, and is the 7th largest European exporter of the product.
The word for beer in Portuguese is cerveja, coming from the Latin word cerevisia. Modern Portuguese breweries were started in Portugal in the 19th century. Portugal's Estado Novo regime, headed by António Salazar, protected national industry from foreign control, including the beer sector, during his time in power. Brewing in Portugal was long dominated by two companies — Unicer - Bebidas de Portugal, S.A. and Sociedade Central de Cervejas, S.A. They were created from the remains of well-established Portuguese brewers after the 1974 military coup, when the industry was nationalised. Both were privatised in the 1990s. Between them, they control more than 90% of the Portuguese beer market.
In 2003, Portugal had seven breweries, employing approximately 1,848 people.
- Super Bock
- Melo Abreu Especial
- Melo Abreu Munich
- Central de Cervejas
- Empresa de Cervejas da Madeira
- Cervejeira Lusitana
- Drink In
- Fabrica de Cervejas e Refrigerantes João Melo Abreu
- Três Cervejeiros, Lda
- Empresa de Cervejas da Madeira (in Portuguese)
- www.sumolis.pt - Cereuro Brewery
- Portuguese Beer Caps (in Polish and Russian)