Portuguese immigration in France took place mainly during the 1960s and 1970s, to escape dictatorship and conscription, and to enable immigrants to find better living conditions. Portuguese migrants were sometimes referred as Les gens des baraques (people from the barracks). Most began working in construction.
In 1917, an avenue was named avenue des Portugais in Paris. The name pays tribute to the expeditionary forces sent by Lisbon (which represented 80,000 men). In the mid-1950s, Portuguese moved to France in significant numbers to escape Salazar's dictatorship.