Portuguese legislative election, 1991

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Portuguese legislative election, 1991
Portugal
1987 ←
6 October 1991 → 1995

230 seats to the Portuguese Assembly
116 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Cavaco Silva 2007 quadrada.jpg Jorge Sampaio 2-square.jpg
Leader Aníbal Cavaco Silva Jorge Sampaio
Party Social Democratic Socialist
Leader since 2 June 1985 1989
Leader's seat Lisbon[1] Lisbon[2]
Last election 148 seats, 50.2% 60 seats, 22.2%
Seats won 135 72
Seat change Decrease 13 Increase 12
Popular vote 2,902,351 1,670,758
Percentage 50.6% 29.1%
Swing Increase 0.4% Increase 6.9%

Prime Minister before election

Cavaco Silva
Social Democratic

Prime Minister-elect

Cavaco Silva
Social Democratic

Portugal
Coat of arms of Portugal.svg

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Portugal

The Portuguese legislative election of 1991 took place on 6 October. The Social Democratic Party, under the lead of Cavaco Silva, won a historic third term and won with an absolute majority for the second consecutive turn, achieving a higher share than in the previous election, losing, however, 13 MPs due to the reduction of the overall number from the original 250 to 230.

The Socialist Party, at the time led by Jorge Sampaio, the future President of Portugal, increased the share by 7% and gained 12 MPs, but did not manage to avoid the absolute majority of the Social Democrats. In the first legislative election after the fall of the Eastern Bloc, the communist dominated Democratic Unity Coalition lost much of its electoral influence, losing 14 MPs and 4% of the voting.

On the right, the CDS could not recover its past influence, mainly to the effect of the useful vote by the right-wing voters in the Social Democratic Party, increasing its parliamentary group by only 1 MP. The National Solidarity Party, using a populist campaign, achieved for the first time an MP, in what would be the only presence of such party in the Parliament.

Voter turnout fell to 67.8%, and for the first time below 70% of the electorate.

Parties[edit]

The major parties involved and the respective leaders:

Aníbal Cavaco Silva, leader of the Social Democratic Party, was nominated Prime Minister for the third consecutive time.

Opinion Polling[edit]

See also: Exit poll and Opinion poll

The following table shows the opinion polls of voting intention of the Portuguese voters before the election. Those parties that are listed are currently represented in parliament. Included is also the result of the Portuguese general elections in 1987 and 1991 for reference.

Note, until 2000, the publication of opinion polls in the last week of the campaign was forbidden.

116 seats needed for a majority
Date Released Polling institute Social Democratic Socialist Green-Communist Democratic
and Social
Centre
Lead
6 October 1991 Election Results 50.6%
135 seats
29.1%
72 seats
8.8%
17 seats
4.4%
5 seats
21.5%
6 October 1991 Exit Poll - RTP1
Universidade Católica
48.0% – 51.9% 28.5% – 31.5% 7.5% – 10.0% 4.5% – 5.5% 19.5% – 20.4%
6 October 1991 Exit Poll - TSF/Expresso
Euroexpansão
45.8% – 50.2% 29.8% – 33.9% 6.8% – 9.1% 3.7% – 5.5% 16.0% – 16.3%
6 October 1991 Exit Poll - Antena1
Euroteste
47.0% – 50.0% 31.0% – 34.0% 7.5% – 10.0% 4.0% – 5.0% 16.0%
28 September 1991 Euroteste 47.3% 35.5% 8.5% 4.1% 11.8%
28 September 1991 Euroteste 46.0% 37.0% 9.7% 3.9% 9.0%
28 September 1991 Euroexpansão 44.0% 33.0% 9.0% 6.0% 11.0%
27 September 1991 Marktest 43.1% 32.8% 7.7% 4.6% 10.3%
27 September 1991 Pluriteste 41.2% 34.7% 8.4% 8.1% 6.5%
20 September 1991 Euroteste 45.6% 35.5% 10.0% 4.4% 10.1%
20 September 1991 Marktest 41.9% 31.9% 7.3% 4.4% 10.0%
16 September 1991 Pluriteste 39.2% 26.6% 6.2% 6.0% 12.6%
16 September 1991 Euroteste 45.1% 34.5% 10.2% 5.2% 10.6%
14 September 1991 Norma 45.0% 37.5% 11.2% 3.5% 7.5%
28 August 1991 Euroexpansão/Marktest 35.3% 36.8% 8.7% 4.9% 1.5%
4 August 1991 Euroteste/JN 47.5% 37.8% 12.3% 8.2% 7.7%
19 July 1987 1987 election 50.2%
148 seats
22.2%
60 seats
12.1%
31 seats
4.4%
4 seats
28.0%

National summary of votes and seats[edit]

e • d Summary of the 6 October 1991 Assembly of the Republic elections results
Parties Votes % ± MPs MPs %/
votes %
1987 1991 ± % ±
Social Democratic 2,902,351 50.60 Increase0.4 148 135 Decrease13 58.70 Decrease0.5 1.16
Socialist 1,670,758 29.13 Increase6.9 60 72 Increase12 31.30 Increase7.3 1.07
Democratic Unity Coalition[A] 504,583 8.80 Decrease3.3 31 17 Decrease14 7.39 Decrease5.0 0.84
Democratic and Social Centre 254,317 4.43 Decrease0.0 4 5 Increase1 2.17 Increase0.6 0.49
National Solidarity Party 96,096 1.68 1 0.44 0.39
Revolutionary Socialist Party 64,159 1.12 Increase0.5 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Workers' Communist Party 48,542 0.85 Increase0.5 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Democratic Renewal 35,077 0.61 Decrease4.3 7 0 Decrease7 0.00 Decrease2.8 0.0
People's Monarchist Party 25,216 0.44 Increase0.0 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Democratic Party of the Atlantic 10,842 0.19 0 0.00 0.0
Left Revolutionary Front 6,661 0.12 0 0.00 0.0
People's Democratic Union[B] 6,157 0.11 Decrease0.8 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Total valid 5,624,759 98.07 Increase0.3 250 230 Decrease20 100.00 Steady0.0
Blank ballots 47,652 0.83 Decrease0.1
Invalid ballots 63,020 1.10 Decrease0.2
Total (turnout 67.78%) 5,735,431 100.00 Decrease3.8
A Portuguese Communist Party (15 MPs) and "The Greens" (2 MPs) ran in coalition.[3]
B People's Democratic Union electoral list only in Madeira and Azores.
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições
Vote share
PSD
  
50.60%
PS
  
29.13%
CDU
  
8.80%
CDS-PP
  
4.43%
PSN
  
1.68%
PSR
  
1.12%
PCTP/MRPP
  
0.85%
Others/Invalides
  
3.40%

References[edit]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]