Portuguese legislative election, 1995

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Portuguese legislative election, 1995
Portugal
1991 ←
1 October 1995
→ 1999

230 seats to the Portuguese Assembly
116 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Antonio Guterres 1-1.jpg No image.png
Leader António Guterres Fernando Nogueira
Party Socialist Social Democratic
Leader since February 1992 19 February 1995
Leader's seat Castelo Branco[1] Porto[2]
Last election 72 seats, 29.1% 135 seats, 50.6%
Seats won 112 88
Seat change Increase 40 Decrease 47
Popular vote 2,583,755 2,014,589
Percentage 43.8% 34.1%
Swing Increase 14.7% Decrease 16.5%

Prime Minister before election

Cavaco Silva
Social Democratic

Prime Minister-elect

Guterres
Socialist

Portugal
Coat of arms of Portugal.svg

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Portugal

The Portuguese legislative election of 1995 took place on 1 October. The Socialist Party defeated the Social Democratic Party under the lead of António Guterres, elected three years before, but missed the absolute majority by 4 MPs. The Social Democratic party under the lead of Fernando Nogueira was weakened by the end of a ten years cycle of government of Cavaco Silva. The two minor parties, the People's Party and the Democratic Unity Coalition achieved only 15 MPs each, a thing that marked the growing bi-polarization of the Portuguese political map. Although turnout, in percentage point, was lower than the previous election in 1991, almost 6 million voters cast a ballot on election day, the highest figure since 1980.

Voter turnout stood at 66.3%, the lowest till then.

Parties[edit]

The major parties involved were listed with their leaders:

António Guterres, leader of the Socialist Party, was nominated Prime Minister for the first time, becoming the first socialist Prime-Minister in 10 years.

Opinion Polling[edit]

See also: Exit poll and Opinion poll

The following table shows the opinion polls of voting intention of the Portuguese voters before the election. Those parties that are listed are currently represented in parliament. Included is also the result of the Portuguese general elections in 1991 and 1995 for reference.

116 seats needed for a majority
Date Released Institute Social Democratic Socialist Green-Communist People's
Party
Lead
1 October 1995 Election Results 34.1%
88 seats
43.8%
112 seats
8.6%
15 seats
9.1%
15 seats
9.7%
23 September 1995 Metris 32.0% 42.0% 10.0% 8.0% 10.0%
23 September 1995 Euroteste 35.0% 39.0% 9.0% 10.0% 4.0%
23 September 1995 Euroexpansão 32.7% 44.5% 11.5% 6.9% 11.8%
23 September 1995 Universidade Católica 35.0% 40.0% 9.0% 10.0% 5.0%
22 September 1995 IPSOS 35.0% 41.0% 9.0% 9.0% 6.0%
21 September 1995 Marktest 33.0% 42.0% 10.0% 9.0% 9.0%
16 September 1995 Compta 39.0% 40.0% 12.0% 8.0% 1.0%
6 October 1991 1991 election 50.6%
135 seats
29.1%
72 seats
8.8%
17 seats
4.4%
5 seats
21.5%

National summary of votes and seats[edit]

e • d Summary of the 1 October 1995 Assembly of the Republic elections results
Parties Votes % ± MPs MPs %/
votes %
1991 1995 ± % ±
Socialist 2,583,755 43.76 Increase14.7 72 112 Increase40 48.70 Increase17.4 1.11
Social Democratic 2,014,589 34.12 Decrease16.5 135 88 Decrease47 38.26 Decrease20.4 1.12
People's Party[A] 534,470 9.05 Increase4.7 5 15 Increase10 6.52 Increase4.3 0.72
Democratic Unity Coalition[B] 506,157 8.57 Decrease0.2 17 15 Decrease2 6.52 Decrease0.9 0.76
Workers' Communist Party 41,137 0.70 Decrease0.2 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Revolutionary Socialist Party 37,638 0.64 Decrease0.5 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
People's Democratic Union 33,876 0.57 Increase0.5 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
National Solidarity Party 12,613 0.21 Decrease1.5 1 0 Decrease1 0.00 Decrease0.4 0.0
Party of the People 8,279 0.14 0 0.00 0.0
Earth Party 8,235 0.14 0 0.00 0.0
Earth Party / People's Monarchist Party 5,932 0.10 0 0.00 0.0
Unity Movement for Workers 2,544 0.04 0 0.00 0.0
Democratic Party of the Atlantic 2,536 0.04 Decrease0.2 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Total valid 5,791,761 98.08 Increase0.0 230 230 Steady0 100.00 Steady0.0
Blank ballots 45,793 0.78 Decrease0.0
Invalid ballots 67,300 1.14 Increase0.0
Total (turnout 66.30%) 5,904,854 100.00 Decrease1.5
A In 1993, the name "People´s Party" was added to the party's name.
B Portuguese Communist Party (13 MPs) and "The Greens" (2 MPs) ran in coalition.[3]
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições
Vote share
PS
  
43.76%
PSD
  
34.12%
CDS-PP
  
9.05%
CDU
  
8.57%
Others/Invalides
  
4.50%

References[edit]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]