Portuguese legislative election, 2005

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Portuguese legislative election, 2005
Portugal
2002 ←
20 February 2005
→ 2009

230 seats to the Portuguese Assembly
116 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Socrates2006-2t.jpg Pedro Miguel Santana Lopes (face).jpg
Leader José Sócrates Pedro Santana Lopes
Party Socialist Social Democratic
Leader since 24 September 2004 29 June 2004
Leader's seat Castelo Branco[1] Lisbon[2]
Last election 96 seats, 37.8% 105 seats, 40.2%
Seats won 121 75
Seat change Increase 25 Decrease 30
Popular vote 2,588,312 1,653,425
Percentage 45.0% 28.8%
Swing Increase 7.2% Decrease 11.4%

Pt plelection 2005.PNG

The first and the second most voted parties in each district
(Azores and Madeira are not shown)

Prime Minister before election

Pedro Santana Lopes
Social Democratic

Prime Minister-elect

José Sócrates
Socialist

Coat of arms of Portugal
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Portugal
Constitution
Foreign relations

The Portuguese legislative election of 2005 took place on 20 February. These elections were called after the decision of President Jorge Sampaio on 30 November 2004 to dissolve the Parliament as an answer to the political instability caused by the government led by Pedro Santana Lopes (PSD) in coalition with the PP. Santana Lopes had become Prime-Minister after José Manuel Durão Barroso left the country in order to become President of the European Commission in a decision that divided the country, because many Portuguese were expecting that the Socialist President Jorge Sampaio would dissolve parliament and call a legislative election. However, after five unstable months, president Sampaio decided to dissolve Parliament and call fresh elections. The Prime Minister nevertheless announced the resignation of the government on 11 December, in an action with no practical effects whatsoever.

The campaign started officially on 6 February and the major topics were the problematic state of the country's finances, unemployment and abortion.

The right-wing parties, mainly the Social Democrats, were punished for their performance in government, and lost more than 11% of votes they had garnered in the previous election. On the left, the Left Bloc achieved its best result ever and made the biggest climb, gaining 5 MPs, while the CDU (Communists and the Greens) gained 2 MPs and reversed their downward trend of the last elections.

Voter turnout was the highest since 1995, as 64.3% of the electorate cast a ballot.

Parties[edit]

The parties that partook in the election, and their leaders, were:

With 230 seats the results are:

José Sócrates, leader of the Socialist Party, was nominated Prime Minister.

Opinion Polling[edit]

See also: Exit poll and Opinion poll

The following table shows the opinion polls of voting intention of the Portuguese voters before the election. Those parties that are listed are currently represented in parliament. Included is also the result of the Portuguese general elections in 2002 and 2005 for reference.

116 seats needed for a majority
Date Released Polling institute Socialist Social Democratic People's
Party
Green-Communist Left Bloc Lead
20 February 2005 Election Results 45.0%
121 seats
28.8%
75 seats
7.2%
12 seats
7.5%
14 seats
6.4%
8 seats
16.2%
18 February 2005 Aximage 46.8% 29.6% 7.3% 7.0% 5.5% 17.2%
18 February 2005 Marktest 46.0% 26.8% 7.5% 8.9% 7.7% 19.2%
18 February 2005 Eurosondagem 45.0% 30.6% 7.7% 7.7% 5.7% 14.4%
18 February 2005 IPOM 46.0% 30.0% 8.0% 6.0% 7.0% 16.0%
18 February 2005 INTERCAMPUS 45.9% 30.3% 7.1% 7.6% 5.2% 15.6%
17 February 2005 TNS/Euroteste 39.0% 28.0% 7.0% 6.0% 6.0% 11.0%
17 February 2005 Universidade Católica 46.0% 31.0% 6.0% 7.0% 7.0% 15.0%
12 February 2005 Eurosondagem 44.4% 31.3% 7.4% 6.9% 6.4% 13.1%
11 February 2005 Aximage 44.7% 27.4% 6.4% 7.1% 4.8% 17.3%
4 February 2005 IPOM 49.0% 31.0% 8.0% 6.0% 5.0% 18.0%
4 February 2005 Aximage 43.5% 29.3% 7.0% 5.6% 3.5% 14.2%
3 February 2005 INTERCAMPUS 46.5% 31.6% 4.8% 8.1% 4.5% 14.9%
29 January 2005 Eurosondagem 46.1% 32.1% 7.0% 6.6% 4.6% 14.0%
28 January 2005 Marktest 45.1% 27.7% 6.3% 7.7% 8.1% 17.5%
28 January 2005 Aximage 43.3% 27.4% 6.3% 5.8% 5.0% 15.9%
28 January 2005 Universidade Católica 46.0% 28.0% 6.0% 8.0% 8.0% 18.0%
27 January 2005 TNS/Euroteste 40.0% 32.0% 6.0% 4.0% 5.0% 8.0%
21 January 2005 Axiamge 42.8% 28.7% 7.1% 6.2% 4.3% 14.1%
17 March 2002 2002 election 37.8%
96 seats
40.2%
105 seats
8.7%
14 seats
6.9%
12 seats
2.7%
3 seats
2.4%

National summary of votes and seats[edit]

e • d Summary of the 20 February 2005 Assembly of the Republic elections results
Parties Votes % ± MPs MPs %/
votes %
2002 2005 ± % ±
Socialist 2,588,312 45.03 Increase7.2 96 121 Increase25 52.61 Increase10.9 1.17
Social Democratic[A] 1,653,425 28.77 Decrease11.4 105 75 Decrease30 32.61 Decrease13.0 1.13
Democratic Unity Coalition[B] 433,369 7.54 Increase0.6 12 14 Increase2 6.09 Increase0.9 0.81
People's 416,415 7.24 Decrease1.5 14 12 Decrease2 5.22 Decrease0.9 0.72
Left Bloc 364,971 6.35 Increase3.6 3 8 Increase5 3.48 Increase2.2 0.55
Workers' Communist Party 48,186 0.84 Increase0.2 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
New Democracy 40,358 0.70 0 0.00 0.0
Humanist Party 17,056 0.30 Increase0.1 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
National Renovator Party 9,374 0.16 Increase0.1 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Workers Party of Socialist Unity 5,535 0.10 Increase0.0 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Democratic Party of the Atlantic[C] 1,681 0.03 0 0.00 0.0
Total valid 5,578,782 97.06 Decrease1.0 230 230 Steady0 100.00 Steady0.0
Blank ballots 103,537 1.80 Increase0.8
Invalid ballots 65,515 1.14 Increase0.2
Total (turnout 64.26%) 5,747,834 100.00 Increase2.8
A From the Social Democratic electoral lists were elected two MPs from the People's Monarchist Party and other two MPs from Earth Party.
B Portuguese Communist Party (12 MPs) and "The Greens" (2 MPs) ran in coalition.[3]
C Democratic Party of the Atlantic electoral list only in Azores.
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições
Vote share
PS
  
45.03%
PSD
  
28.77%
CDU
  
7.54%
CDS-PP
  
7.24%
BE
  
6.35%
PCTP/MRPP
  
0.84%
Others/Invalides
  
4.23%

Distribution by constituency[edit]

Seats
Party list seats gains and losts
Percents of votes
e • d Results of the 2005 election of the Portuguese Assembly of the Republic by constituency
Constituency % S % S % S % S % S Total
S
PS PSD CDU CDS-PP BE
Azores 53.1 3 34.4 2 1.7 - 4.0 - 2.9 - 5
Aveiro 41.1 8 35.7 6 3.5 - 9.8 1 5.1 - 15
Beja 51.0 2 12.3 - 24.1 1 2.9 - 4.7 - 3
Braga 45.4 9 32.9 7 4.8 1 7.8 1 4.6 - 18
Bragança 42.1 2 39.0 2 2.0 - 9.7 - 2.5 - 4
Castelo Branco 56.0 4 26.7 1 3.8 - 5.3 - 3.7 - 5
Coimbra 45.4 6 31.9 4 5.5 - 5.5 - 6.3 - 10
EvoraÉvora 49.7 2 16.7 - 20.9 1 3.7 - 4.6 - 3
Faro 49.3 6 24.6 2 6.9 - 5.8 - 7.7 - 8
Guarda 46.8 2 34.7 2 2.9 - 7.0 - 3.4 - 4
Leiria 35.6 4 39.8 5 4.6 - 8.9 1 5.5 - 10
Lisbon 44.1 23 23.7 12 9.8 5 8.2 4 8.8 4 48
Madeira 35.0 3 45.2 3 3.6 - 6.6 - 3.8 - 6
Portalegre 54.9 2 20.2 - 12.1 - 4.2 - 4.6 - 2
Porto 48.5 20 27.8 12 5.4 2 6.9 2 6.7 2 38
Santarém 46.1 6 26.4 3 8.6 1 6.9 - 6.5 - 10
Setúbal 43.6 8 16.1 3 20.0 3 5.1 1 10.3 2 17
Viana do Castelo 42.0 3 33.5 2 3.8 - 11.4 1 4.5 - 6
Vila Real 43.8 3 40.2 2 2.6 - 6.8 - 2.4 - 5
Viseu 40.4 4 40.2 4 2.2 - 8.6 1 3.3 - 9
zEurope 54.3 1 27.2 1 4.2 - 3.4 - 2.3 - 2
zRest of the World 26.3 - 57.7 2 1.0 - 3.5 - 0.7 - 2
Total 45.0 121 28.8 75 7.5 14 7.2 12 6.4 8 230
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]