Portuguese presidential election, 1986
The Portuguese presidential election of 1986 was held on 26 January, the second round took place on 16 February.
In first round was easily won by Freitas do Amaral, supported by all the right-wing parties, while Soares defeated the other two left-wing candidates, the former Prime-Minister Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo - to date the only woman to be a candidate to the Portuguese presidency - and Salgado Zenha (supported by outgoing president António Ramalho Eanes, founder of the short-lived Democratic Renewal Party, and by the Portuguese Communist Party, whose candidate, Ângelo Veloso, left the race some days before the poll). Both these candidates supported Soares in the second round.
There were also three candidates rejected by the Portuguese Constitutional Court for not complying with the legal requirements, those were:
- Carmelinda dos Santos Pereira
- Luís Carlos Franco
- Álvaro Manuel Nunes
Soares did not achieved the majority of the voting in any district, as the left-wing strongholds in the South of Portugal voted for Zenha due to his support by the Communist Party.
As results for the second round were counted, the urban vote, traditionally more left-wing, overcame the early lead of Freitas do Amaral by less than 140,000 votes, and Soares became president on 9 March 1986.
To date this was the only time a Portuguese presidential election was taken into a second round.
|Candidates||Supporting parties||First round||Second round|
|Mário Soares||Socialist Party||1,443,683||25.43||3,010,756||51.18|
|Diogo Freitas do Amaral||Democratic and Social Centre, Social Democratic Party||2,629,597||46.31||2,872,064||48.82|
|Francisco Salgado Zenha||Portuguese Communist Party, Democratic Renewal Party||1,185,867||20.88|
|Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo||Independent||418,961||7.38|
|Ângelo Veloso[A]||Portuguese Communist Party||left the race|
|Total (turnout 75.38% and 77.99%)||5,742,151||5,937,100|
|A He left the race in favor of Salgado Zenha.|
|Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições|
- "CNE Resultados". Comissão Nacional de Eleições. Retrieved 17 May 2005.
- "Centro de Estudos do Pensamento Político". Retrieved 17 May 2005.