Poruchik

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This article is about the OF-1b (OF-1 junior) rank Poruchik (Army and Air Force). For the equivalent rank in Flag of NATO.svg NATO see Second lieutenant / Pilot officer, Ensign, Leutnant / Leutnant zur See.
Flag of Russia.svg
Rank insignia until 1917
IRA F1Por 1917 v.png IRN F1SeniorLtNavy 1917.png
Rank insignia Russian Imperial Army
Introduction 17th century
Rank group Ober-ofizer
Army 1855-1917 Poruchik
Navy 1909-1917 Starchi lejtenant
NATO
equivalent
OR-1a

Poruchik (Croatian: poručnik, Czech: poručík, Polish: porucznik, Russian: пору́чик, Serbian: поручник, Slovak: poručík) is an Officersrank out of the Lieutenant´s rank group in Slavophone armed forces.

Russian imperial armed forces[edit]

The Imperial Russian Army introduced this rank first in middle of the 17th century, by the Strelets so-called Regiments of the new type, reflected in the Table of Ranks. A Poruchik was normally assigned to assistant commanding officer of a company, later platoon. In 1798 this particular rank designation was replaced by Lieutenant beginning with the Russian Guards, followed by other military units, and legalised by the Table of Ranks.

According to the modern day´s NATO rank system Poruchik might be comparable to OF-1b[1]) ranks Second lieutenant / Pilot officer, Ensign, Leutnant / Leutnant zur See.

Sequence of ranks ascending
lower rank:
Podporuchik

Lesser Coat of Arms of Russian Empire.svgCoat of arms Kolchak 1919.jpg
Poruchik
(First lieutenant)
higher rank:
Stabskapitän

Semantics[edit]

The rank designation Poruchik might be derived from the Russian: a) поpгченец; b) поручение; c) пору́чить with the meaning: a) person tasked by a special mission/ person who looks after; b) to receive an order, by order of s.b.; c) to task s.b., tasked to look after. Normally the Poruchik received military taskers/ orders in written form and was responsible to meet the particular goals and objectives anticipated.

Rank designation in some countries[edit]

In the countries mentioned below spelling of Podporuchik, Poruchik, and Nadporuchik, up to rank classification, is almost similar. A possible sequence of ranks (ascending) might be as follows:

  • Podporuchik (Poruchik junior/ secon lieutenant)
  • Porutchik (second lieutenant)
  • Nadporuchik (Porutschik senior/ first lieutenant)
  • Captain (rank army) OF2
Table of Poruchik OF1-ranks and rank insignia
Country Language Flag of NATO.svg rank OF-1b (junior) Flag of NATO.svg rank OF-1a (senior)
Rank Designation Rank Designation
Flag of Croatia.svg Croatian: ' Army-HRV-OF-01b.svg Poručnik Army-HRV-OF-01a.svg Natporučnik
Flag of Macedonia.svg Macedonian: Potporucnik-arm.png Подпоручник
(Podporucznik)
Porucnik-arm.png Поручник
(Porucznik)
Flag of Poland.svg Polish: ' Pporucznik m.png Army-POL-OF-01b.svg Rank insignia of podporucznik of the Air Force of Poland.svg Cap insignia
  • Podporucznik (Army)
  • Podporucznik (Air Force)
Porucznik m.pngArmy-POL-OF-01a.svg Rank insignia of porucznik of the Air Force of Poland.svg Cap insignia
  • Porucznik (Army)
  • Porucznik (Air Force)
Flag of Russia.svg
(until 1917)
Russian: IRA F1JunPor 1917 v.png Подпоручик
(Podporutschik)
IRA F1Por 1917 v.png Поручик
(Porutschik)
Flag of Serbia.svg Serbian: 1 kov - potporučnik.png 1 vpvo - potporučnik.png Rf 1 - potporučnik.gif
  • Потпоручник (Army)
  • Потпоручник (Air defence)
  • Потпоручник (River flotilla)
2 kov - poručnik.png 2 vpvo - poručnik.png Rf 2 -poručnik korvete.gif
  • Поручник (Army)
  • Поручник (Air defence)
  • Поручник (River flotillia)
Flag of Slovakia.svg Slovak: ' None.svg Poručík None.svg Nadporučík
Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovene: ' Slovenska vojska cast poroc.jpg Poročník Slovenska vojska cast nadporoc.jpg Nadporočnik
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech: ' Lieutenant Czech Republic Army.svg Poručík
(additional until 2011 Podporuchik OF1c)
1st Lieutenant Czech Republic Army.svg Nadporučík
Equivalent Flag of Germany.svg DH211-Leutnant.png LD B 41 Leutnant.svg Leutnant
DH221-Oberleutnant.png LD B 42 Oberleutnant.svg Oberleutnant
  • Heer (Bundeswehr)
  • Luftwaffe (Bundeswehr)
Equivalent Flag of the United States.svg Army-USA-OF-01b.svg Second lieutenant Army-USA-OF-01a.svg First lieutenant
Remark

In the armed forces of Macedonia, Poland und Serbia ist der Podporucznik equivalent to the OF1b-renks Leutnant/ Second lieutenant/ Flight officer, and/or Ensign.

See also[edit]

Sources / refernces[edit]

  1. ^ The abbreviation "OF" stands for de: "Offizier / en: officer / fr: officier / ru: офицер"