Posadas, Misiones

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Posadas
City
(From top to bottom; from left to right) Panoramic view of the city; San Roque Bridge; Misiones Government House; Posadas Plaza Shopping and Monument to Malvinas.
(From top to bottom; from left to right) Panoramic view of the city; San Roque Bridge; Misiones Government House; Posadas Plaza Shopping and Monument to Malvinas.
Coat of arms of Posadas
Coat of arms
Posadas is located in Argentina
Posadas
Posadas
Location of Posadas in Argentina
Coordinates: 27°22′S 55°54′W / 27.367°S 55.900°W / -27.367; -55.900Coordinates: 27°22′S 55°54′W / 27.367°S 55.900°W / -27.367; -55.900
Country Argentina
Province Misiones
Department Capital
Founded 1615
Government
 • Mayor Orlando Franco (Frente Renovador)
Elevation 120 m (390 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 344,833
Time zone ART (UTC−3)
CPA base N3300
Dialing code +54 376
Website Official website

Posadas (Spanish pronunciation: [poˈsaðas]) is the capital city of the Argentine province of Misiones, located at the south of the province, on the left-hand (eastern) shore of the Paraná River, opposite Encarnación, Paraguay. The city has an area of 965 km² and a population of 324,756, and the Greater Posadas area has a population of over 351,000 (2010 census [INDEC]).

Posadas is the provincial centre of the government, culture and the economy. Furniture, tobacco, food, textile, and construction are its most important industries. Other important economical activities are commerce and services.

Posadas is connected to the Paraguayan city of Encarnación by the San Roque González de Santa Cruz Bridge. The port, once of great economical importance, is used for sport vessels, carrier of passengers and some boats for sand transport. The city is located on National Route 12, some 1,300 kilometres from Buenos Aires. The General José de San Martín Airport (IATA: PSSICAO: SARP), at coordinates 27°22′S 55°58′W / 27.367°S 55.967°W / -27.367; -55.967, is 7 kilometres from the city, and serves regular flights to Buenos Aires.

History[edit]

Father Roque González de Santa Cruz established a town called Anunciación de Itapúa on March 25, 1615, but ten years later the settlement was moved to the other side of the Paraná River to the present location of Encarnación, Paraguay.

The first settlement was not completely abandoned, and a new San José reduction was settled there in 1628. In 1867, during the Paraguayan War, the Brazilians set up the Trinchera de San José military base there. Following the end of the war, Paraguay renounced all claims to the area, and in 1879, the town was renamed after Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, the Supreme Director of the Argentine Confederation (1814).

On December 22, 1881, the limits of the Misiones Federation were drawn, leaving Posadas within the territory of current Corrientes Province. On July 30, 1884 the National Congress decided to give Posadas to Misiones Province, and name it its capital. The National University of Misiones was established at Posadas in 1973, and in 1990, the city's cultural and economic links to Encarnación were strengthened with the completion of the San Roque González de Santa Cruz Bridge.

Climate[edit]

Posadas
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
166
 
33
22
 
 
183
 
32
21
 
 
145
 
31
20
 
 
236
 
27
17
 
 
179
 
24
14
 
 
166
 
21
11
 
 
131
 
22
11
 
 
111
 
24
13
 
 
143
 
25
14
 
 
178
 
29
17
 
 
190
 
30
19
 
 
119
 
33
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional

Posadas has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa). Summers are hot and humid with lows around 21 °C (69.8 °F), highs around 31.5 °C (88.7 °F), daily mean 26.0 °C (78.8 °F), and frequent thunderstorms. Winters are warm with lows around 12 °C (53.6 °F) and highs around 22.5 °C (72.5 °F), daily mean 17 °C (62.6 °F) . The highest temperature ever recorded was 42.1 °C (107.8 °F) and the coldest was −2.8 °C (27.0 °F).[1]

Climate data for Posadas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 41.2
(106.2)
39.8
(103.6)
38.5
(101.3)
36.2
(97.2)
34.0
(93.2)
31.0
(87.8)
33.0
(91.4)
34.1
(93.4)
36.8
(98.2)
38.3
(100.9)
41.7
(107.1)
42.1
(107.8)
42.1
(107.8)
Average high °C (°F) 33.2
(91.8)
32.1
(89.8)
31.2
(88.2)
27.1
(80.8)
24.1
(75.4)
21.1
(70)
21.9
(71.4)
23.9
(75)
24.5
(76.1)
28.5
(83.3)
30.4
(86.7)
32.6
(90.7)
27.6
(81.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.9
(80.4)
26.1
(79)
24.8
(76.6)
21.6
(70.9)
18.4
(65.1)
15.5
(59.9)
15.9
(60.6)
17.7
(63.9)
18.5
(65.3)
22.1
(71.8)
24.4
(75.9)
26.2
(79.2)
21.5
(70.7)
Average low °C (°F) 21.8
(71.2)
21.4
(70.5)
19.6
(67.3)
17.3
(63.1)
13.9
(57)
11.1
(52)
11.4
(52.5)
13.0
(55.4)
13.5
(56.3)
16.5
(61.7)
18.9
(66)
20.4
(68.7)
16.6
(61.9)
Record low °C (°F) 12.3
(54.1)
10.3
(50.5)
8.5
(47.3)
5.0
(41)
0.9
(33.6)
−1.2
(29.8)
−2.8
(27)
−0.3
(31.5)
1.3
(34.3)
5.4
(41.7)
7.8
(46)
9.6
(49.3)
−2.8
(27)
Precipitation mm (inches) 166.4
(6.551)
183.0
(7.205)
144.9
(5.705)
235.6
(9.276)
179.3
(7.059)
166.4
(6.551)
130.6
(5.142)
111.2
(4.378)
142.9
(5.626)
178.0
(7.008)
190.4
(7.496)
119.0
(4.685)
1,947.7
(76.681)
Avg. precipitation days 11 10 8 12 8 11 10 10 11 10 11 9 121
 % humidity 70 75 74 80 79 81 77 74 73 69 70 66 74
Mean monthly sunshine hours 248.0 214.7 170.5 195.0 186.0 144.0 158.1 161.2 111.0 201.5 219.0 232.5 2,241.5
Percent possible sunshine 59 58 45 57 55 46 48 46 31 50 54 54 50
Source #1: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional,[1] NOAA (extremes 1961–1990)[2]
Source #2: UNLP (sun only)[3]

Celebrities born in Posadas[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Datos Estadísticos (Período 1981-1990)" (in Spanish). National Meteorological Service of Argentina. Retrieved August 23, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Posadas Aero Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 10, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Datos bioclimáticos de 173 localidades argentinas". Atlas Bioclimáticos (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Retrieved April 8, 2014. 

External links[edit]