Positive Slovenia

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Positive Slovenia
Pozitivna Slovenija
Leader Zoran Janković
Founder Zoran Janković
Founded 22 October 2011
Headquarters Ljubljana
Ideology Liberalism[1]
Social liberalism[2]
Social democracy[2]
Political position Centre-left[3][4][5]
European affiliation None
Slovenian National Assembly
0 / 90
European Parliament
0 / 8
Website
http://pozitivnaslovenija.si/
Politics of Slovenia
Political parties
Elections
The logo of Positive Slovenia, which was in use from the establishment of party on 22 October 2011 until its second congress on 21 January 2012, included the name of Zoran Jankovič, its president. Originally, the party was known as Zoran Janković's List – Positive Slovenia.

Positive Slovenia (Slovene: Pozitivna Slovenija, PS) is a centre-left[6][7][8][9] political party in Slovenia, since April 2014 led by Zoran Janković.[10] The party was founded under the name Zoran Janković's List – Positive Slovenia. It was renamed to Positive Slovenia in its second congress, held on 21 January 2012.[11]

History[edit]

On 11 October 2011, Janković, then mayor of Ljubljana, announced that he would participate in the early parliamentary election, following the fall of the government of Prime Minister Borut Pahor.[12] The charter of the new party was enacted on 22 October 2011, where Janković was unanimously elected president.[13] Among the party's supporters were National Assembly members Matjaž Zanoškar, Cveta Zalokar Oražem, and Renata Brunskole.[13] Milan Kučan, the first President of Slovenia, also expressed his support, citing Janković's work as the chairman of the retailing chain, Mercator, and as the mayor of Ljubljana.[14]

Among the goals of the party that Janković emphasised were a secure, social and efficient state with a 4% GDP growth rate and less than 3% budget deficit. Janković stated that his goal was to place Slovenia among the most successful countries in the world.[15]

Positive Slovenia won 28.51% of the vote, thus gaining 28 parliamentary seats at the early Slovenian 2011 parliamentary election: the most of all participating political parties.[16] Janković was favourite to become Prime Minister, and Positive Slovenia led coalition negotiations, primarily with the Social Democrats (SD), Gregor Virant's Civic List (LGV), and DeSUS. A preliminary coalition agreement was reached,[citation needed] but LGV withdrew two days later and endorsed a Slovenian Democratic Party-led centre-right government, leaving Positive Slovenia in opposition.

In relation to the 2013 allegations made by the official Commission for the Prevention of Corruption of the Republic of Slovenia, the party temporarily suspended Janković from all functions.[17] Its president has become Alenka Bratušek. PS submitted an initiative to dismiss Janša's cabinet, that passed. Bratušek became the first female Prime Minister of Slovenia, and Positive Slovenia became the principal governmental party.

On 30 January 2014, PS applied for membership of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE),[18] but resigned from its pending membership on 30 April 2014 after the following party congress.[19]

On 26 April 2014, Zoran Janković was again voted as the president of the party with 422 votes for out of 763 voters.[20] His election also caused a split in PS' parliamentary group: 11 deputies formed their own group, while 2 became unaffiliated; 13 deputies ultimately stayed with PS.[21] On 31 May Bratušek's splinter group formed their own party - Alliance of Alenka Bratušek.[22]

In the 2014 European election, PS received a mere 6.61% of the vote, failing to return any MEPs.[23]

The party received 2.96% of the vote in the Slovenian parliamentary election on 13 July 2014, and did not win any seats in parliament.[24]

Reception[edit]

Janković's decision to create a new political party came together with the announcements of other new parties, such as Gregor Virant's Civic List and the Party for Sustainable Development. The new party gained significant public support even before it was officially chartered, placing first in an opinion poll by the newspaper Delo.[25] Other opinion polls placed the party among the top three.[26][27][28]

The leaders of the centre-left parties whom Janković supported in the 2008 election,[29] had reservations about Janković entering state politics.[30] On the other hand, Janez Janša, the opposition leader, said that Janković does not bring an alternative to the politics of Slovenia.[31]

Slovenian Democratic Party mayors in eastern Slovenia have threatened to split off the regions of Lower Styria and Prekmurje from the central state, fearing that a future government under Janković would pursue a rigorously Ljubljana-centred policy and ignore the interests of the peripheric regions.[32][33]

Leaders[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Support for liberalism grows in Croatia and Slovenia, Liberal International
  2. ^ a b "Parties and Elections - Slovenia". Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  3. ^ "Slovenia election: Ljubljana's mayor takes surprise victory"
  4. ^ New centre-left party takes surprise victory in legislative poll
  5. ^ Center-left wins power in Croatia, Slovenian poll delivers surprise
  6. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. (1 March 2012). Britannica Book of the Year 2012. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. pp. 461–. ISBN 978-1-61535-618-8. 
  7. ^ Slovenia election: Ljubljana's mayor takes surprise victory, The Guardian, 4 December 2011, retrieved 13 January 2011 
  8. ^ New centre-left party takes surprise victory in legislative poll, France 24, 5 December 2011, retrieved 13 January 2012 
  9. ^ Connor, Richard (5 December 2011), Center-left wins power in Croatia, Slovenian poll delivers surprise, DW World, retrieved 13 January 2012 
  10. ^ http://www.pozitivnaslovenija.si/n-11186-zoran-jankovic-je-predsednik-pozitivne-slovenije
  11. ^ "Pozitivna Slovenija s spremembami statuta širi svoje delovanje na lokalno raven" [With Changes of Statute, Positive Slovenia Spreads its Activity to the Local Level] (in Slovene). Slovenian Press Agency. 21 January 2012. 
  12. ^ "Janković gre na volitve s svojo stranko" (in Slovene). 22 October 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  13. ^ a b "Janković: DDV bi dvignil za eno odstotno točko" (in Slovene). 22 October 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  14. ^ "Pahor: V politiki sem od takrat, ko so "vse podgane bežale"" (in Slovene). 22 October 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  15. ^ "Ustanovljena Lista Zorana Jankovića - Pozitivna Slovenija" (in Slovene). 22 October 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  16. ^ "Republic of Slovenia Early Elections for Deputies to the National Assembly 2011". National Electoral Commission. 16 December 2011. 
  17. ^ Zoran Janković is not the party's president anymore ("Zoran Janković ni več predsednik stranke"), Delo, 17 January 2013
  18. ^ http://www.sta.si/vest.php?s=a&id=1973073
  19. ^ http://www.tt.com/home/8323971-91/positives-slowenien-zieht-antrag-auf-alde-mitgliedschaft-zurück.csp
  20. ^ http://www.pozitivnaslovenija.si/n-11186-zoran-jankovic-je-predsednik-pozitivne-slovenije
  21. ^ RTVSLO.si - "Sovražni" prevzem poslancev: Jože Velikonja in Saša Kos nazaj k Jankoviću
  22. ^ "Konec vlade Alenke Bratušek". Delo.si. Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  23. ^ http://www.delo.si/assets/info5/20140525/EUvolitve2014/volitve.html
  24. ^ Predčasne Volitve V Državni Zbor 2014 Republika Slovenija - Državna volilna komisija. Accessed 13 July 2014
  25. ^ "Anketa Dela: zmagoslavni vstop Jankovića in Viranta" (in Slovene). 22 October 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  26. ^ "Anketa IFIMES-a: Virant najprimernejši mandatar, SDS-u največ glasov" (in Slovene). 22 October 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  27. ^ "Janševi stranki za ovratnik diha Virantova, tretja je Jankovićeva" (in Slovene). 2011-10-22. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  28. ^ "Nove stranke pometajo s starimi" (in Slovene). 22 October 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  29. ^ "Zoran Janković: Zmagati ne moreta ne Janša ne Pahor" (in Slovene). 22 October 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  30. ^ "»Torej, kocka je padla, ljubljanski Jay-Z gre na volitve uničit levico«" (in Slovene). 22 October 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  31. ^ "Janša: Janković naj direktno vstopi v igro in preveri svojo priljubljenost" (in Slovene). 22 October 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  32. ^ Ostslowenen wollen sich vom Staat abspalten, Krone (in German), 14 October 2011, retrieved 6 November 2011 
  33. ^ Thierjung, Irene (27 October 2011), Slowenen haben Lust auf Veränderung, Kurier (in German), retrieved 6 November 2011 

External links[edit]