Post-2015 Development Agenda

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Global conversation on the Post-2015 sustainable development agenda. Watch here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aZQ54G1SoH4&feature=c4-overview&list=UUagCOAfZBpsTOlAJq_vcWbw

The Post-2015 Development Agenda refers to a process led by the United Nations (UN) that aims to help define the future global development framework that will succeed the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), a set of eight global development targets which come to an end in 2015.

Background[edit]

The current UN development agenda is centred on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that were officially established following the Millennium Summit of the UN in 2000. The MDGs encapsulate eight globally agreed goals in the areas of poverty alleviation, education, gender equality and empowerment of women, child and maternal health, environmental sustainability, reducing HIV/AIDS and communicable diseases, and building a global partnership for development. The MDG’s overall target date is 2015.[1]

At the 2010 High Level Plenary Meeting of the UN General Assembly to review progress towards the MDGs, governments called for accelerating progress and for thinking on ways to advance the development agenda beyond 2015.[2] After the 2010 High Level Plenary Meeting, the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has taken several initiatives. He has established a UN System Task Team, launched a High Level Panel of Eminent Persons and appointed Amina J. Mohammed as his own Special Advisor on Post-2015 Development Planning.[3] These processes are complemented by a set of eleven global thematic consultations and national consultations in 87 countries facilitated by the United Nations Development Group (UNDG).

The United Nations Task Team[edit]

The UN System Task Team was established by the Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to support UN system-wide preparations for the Post-2015 UN Development Agenda. It comprises 60 UN agencies, as well as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.[4] In June 2012, it published the report “Realizing the Future We Want for All” which serves as an input to the work of the High Level Panel.[5]

High Level Panel of Eminent Persons[edit]

On 31 July 2012, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appointed 27 civil society, private sector, and government leaders from all regions of the world to a High Level Panel (HLP) to advise him on the Post-2015 Development Agenda.[6] Members of the panel include:

The HLP’s work is guided by 24 framing questions.[8] It held its first meeting on 25 September 2012 on the margins of the annual high level debate of the UN General Assembly and it submitted its recommendations on how to arrive at an agreement on the post-2015 agenda to the Secretary-General in May 2013. The terms of reference of the HLP include the consideration of the findings of the national and thematic consultations at regional and national levels.

The High-level Panel's report[edit]

On 30 May 2013, the High Level Panel on the Post-2015 Development Agenda released “A New Global Partnership: Eradicate Poverty and Transform Economies through Sustainable Development,” a report which sets out a universal agenda to eradicate extreme poverty from the face of the earth by 2030, and deliver on the promise of sustainable development. The report calls upon the world to rally around a new Global Partnership that offers hope and a role to every person in the world.

In the report, the Panel calls for the new post-2015 goals to drive five big transformative shifts:

1. Leave No One Behind. After 2015 we should move from reducing to ending extreme poverty, in all its forms. We should ensure that no person – regardless of ethnicity, gender, geography, disability, race or other status – is denied basic economic opportunities and human rights.

2. Put Sustainable Development at the Core. We have to integrate the social, economic and environmental dimensions of sustainability. We must act now to slow the alarming pace of climate change and environmental degradation, which pose unprecedented threats to humanity.

3. Transform Economies for Jobs and Inclusive Growth. A profound economic transformation can end extreme poverty and improve livelihoods, by harnessing innovation, technology, and the potential of business. More diversified economies, with equal opportunities for all, can drive social inclusion, especially for young people, and foster sustainable consumption and production patterns.

4. Build Peace and Effective, Open and Accountable Institutions for All. Freedom from conflict and violence is the most fundamental human entitlement, and the essential foundation for building peaceful and prosperous societies. At the same time, people the world over expect their governments to be honest, accountable, and responsive to their needs. We are calling for a fundamental shift – to recognize peace and good governance as a core element of wellbeing, not an optional extra.

5. Forge a New Global Partnership. A new spirit of solidarity, cooperation, and mutual accountability must underpin the post-2015 agenda. This new partnership should be based on a common understanding of our shared humanity, based on mutual respect and mutual benefit. It should be centered around people, including those affected by poverty and exclusion, women, youth, the aged, disabled persons, and indigenous peoples. It should include civil society organizations, multilateral institutions, local and national governments, the scientific and academic community, businesses, and private philanthropy.

Regional Consultations[edit]

Regional organizations are conducting consultations to formulate regional positions on the Post-2015 Development Agenda. Notably, the African Union has mandated the African Union Commission, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, the African Development Bank and UNDP Regional Bureau for Africa, to come up with an African Common Position on the Post 2015 Development Agenda. This Common Position will be a result of multiple sub-regional and regional consultations with African policy makers (national and regional), civil society organizations, academia, the private sector and other relevant stakeholders.

In May 2014 the Planet Earth Institute hosted an event at the United Nations in New York where the panel (including Alvaro Sobrinho, Paul Boateng & Christopher Edwards) spoke on Delivering the Post 2015 applied science and skills agenda for Africa: the role of business.[9]

National Consultations[edit]

National consultations on the Post-2015 Development Agenda are designed to open to crowdsourcing the usually closed multilateral negotiation process. The consultations generate inputs into global policy making from individuals and groups in 87 countries through meetings and conferences, online discussions, and larger public debates. The consultations are organized by UN teams in the participating 87 countries and will conclude by the end of March 2013. They form an integral part in the elaboration of the Post-2015 Development Agenda. National consultations follow several objectives:

  • They help countries build a national position, which can later on facilitate the negotiation for the future framework.
  • They increase countries’ empowerment of the future framework. It took several years before the current MDGs, which were not designed in an inclusive way, were recognized by advanced and developing countries.
  • They help build national and international consensus on a range of issues.
  • They will bring to the UN General Assembly an overall perspective of national and regional priorities on the post-2015 framework, thus facilitating the negotiation between the member states.

The consultations include different stakeholders including civil society organizations, disadvantaged and minority groups, the private sector, academia, women organizations and youth, and other constituencies according to particular national context. The countries selected to participate are a representative sample across several dimensions: regional, country typology, and different types of development challenges. Countries are determining how they want to take the consultations forward, but UNDG provided guidelines in support. [10][11]

Global thematic consultations[edit]

Started in May 2012, the objective of the global thematic consultations is to organize formal and informal meetings with different stakeholders around current and emerging challenges. The consultations focus on eleven themes identified by UNDG: inequalities, health, education, growth and employment, environmental sustainability, governance, conflict and fragility, population dynamics, hunger, food and nutrition security, energy, water.[12]

Several thematic meetings have already taken place. The first thematic meeting on growth, structural change and employment was held in Tokyo, Japan, on 15–16 May 2012.[13]

Post-2015 Dialogue[edit]

Researchers have discussed that the post-2015 dialogue is an opportunity to develop a practical agenda to ensure the principle ‘leaving no one behind’ translates into real changes to deliver essential services to those in poverty. They called for a potential agenda which must recognise that both institutional capacity and politics matter for the more equitable delivery of these services. They found no blueprint for this, but evidence from the Overseas Development Institute and others points to the need to adopt frameworks which are more flexible, grounded, and innovative service-delivery, which also require changes to donors’ models. [14]

"A Million Voices: The World We Want" report from the global consultations[edit]

This report by the United Nations Development Group (UNDG) collects the perspectives on the 'world we want' from over 1 million people around the globe. For almost one year, people have engaged energetically in 88 national consultations, 11 thematic dialogues, and through the MY World global survey. As member states consult on the shape and content of a successor framework to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) beyond 2015, it is hoped that the opportunity to listen to these voices will contribute to reaching consensus on what is needed to move towards a common sustainable future.

The report was launched at a press conference by the Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and Helen Clark, UNDP Administrator and chair of UNDG on 10 September 2013 in New York.

Governance[edit]

Fragile and conflict affected states have been left behind and unchanged in the rapid decline in global poverty since 2000 says a February 2013 paper [15] from the Overseas Development Institute. The researchers report that the outcome statement of the recent Monrovia meeting of the high level panel said - 'Economic growth alone is not sufficient to ensure social justice, equity and sustained prosperity for all people…The protection and empowerment of people is crucial.'

They write that the 'global MyWorld citizen survey also show the extent that people see ‘an honest and responsive government’ as a top priority. This emerged as the second highest of a range of sixteen factors' ... 'second only to ‘a good education’ globally (and within the top five priorities for Low-Human Development Index countries).'

Researchers found that areas gaining traction in the post 2015 conversation include -

  • Building accountability for goals into the heart of a new framework
  • Ensuring there is transparency for how resources are used
  • Commitments on civil and political freedoms
  • Supporting effective institutions of the state

They warn against the polarisation of the debate around the strength of the post-2015 goals.

They found that 'some political, governance and accountability features do seem to shape whether and how MDG commitments have been achieved (alongside important issues of resourcing, technical capacities and others)' and identified key factors below -

  • Credible political commitments between politicians and citizens are essential.
  • More inclusive institutions matter, as well as the ability to work together
  • States effectiveness is a determinant of development progress, so state capacities and functions do need more attention.

Their findings focus on national level governance 'because of the growing body of evidence relevant to development progress available at this level.'

Global governance is also important to the authors of the report. They recognise a strong interest in bringing onboard multilateral institutions, the private sector and non-governmental organisations in a future framework, based on the 'recognition that they can help or hinder future development outcomes.'

They call for more work on global governance, and for the identification of viable options for doing so effectively, ambitious goals in the global consultation on governance and post 2015 goals and an open conversation and debate with new actors.[16]

Global web platforms[edit]

Launched in September 2012, the web platform, www.worldwewant2015.org, is a repository for both the thematic and the national consultations. It allows people from all over the world to participate in the global conversation on the issue they want to highlight in the post-2015 development debate.

Moreover, the website www.myworld2015.org hosts a complementary global survey, which asks people to submit their six priorities for a better world.

In February 2014, the UN Special Envoy for Youth and the President of the General Assembly launched the Global Partnership for Youth in the Post-2015 Development Agenda, with a crowdsourcing platform to consolidate concrete language for youth priorities in the post-2015 goals.

Other post-Millennium Development Goals processes[edit]

At the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), held in Rio de Janeiro in June 2012, 192 UN member states agreed to establish an intergovernmental working group to design Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as a successor of the MDGs. The HLP’s work will be closely coordinated with this working group in order to bring together the processes around the Post-2015 Development Agenda and the SDGs.[17][18][19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Background page, United Nations Millennium Development Goals website, retrieved 4 February 2013.
  2. ^ General Assembly resolution 65/1 of 19 September 2010, retrieved 4 February 2013.
  3. ^ Secretary-General appoints Amina J. Mohammed of Nigeria as special adviser on post-2015 development planning, Press release of the United Nations Department of Public Information, retrieved 4 February 2013.
  4. ^ Members of the UN System Task Team, United Nations Development Policy and Analysis Division, retrieved 4 February 2013.
  5. ^ Realizing the Future We Want for All - Report to the Secretary-General, United Nations Millennium Development Goals website, retrieved 4 February 2013.
  6. ^ UN Secretary-General appoints high-level panel on post-2015 development agenda, United Nations Press Release, retrieved 4 February 2013.
  7. ^ The Secretary-General's high-level panel of eminent persons on the post-2015 development agenda, United Nations, retrieved 4 February 2013.
  8. ^ Framing Questions, United Nations, retrieved 4 February 2013.
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ Post-2015 Development Agenda: Guidelines for National Consultations Beyond 2015, retrieved 4 February 2013.
  11. ^ Post-2015 Agenda: Unprecedented global discussions about development priorities start in 100 countries, United Nations Development Programme, retrieved 4 February 2013.
  12. ^ http://www.worldwewant2015.org/sitemap
  13. ^ Setting the development agenda beyond 2015, International Labour Organization, retrieved 4 February 2013.
  14. ^ Leni Wild and Marta Foresti, 2013, Working with the politics – How to improve public services for the poor, http://www.odi.org.uk/publications/7864-politics-service-delivery-institutions-aid-agencies
  15. ^ Leni Wild and Gina Bergh; Are we making progress with building governance into the post 2015 framework? February 2013 http://www.odi.org.uk/publications/7295-progress-governance-post-2015-millennium-development-goals-mdgs
  16. ^ Leni Wild and Gina Bergh; Are we making progress with building governance into the post 2015 framework? February 2013 http://www.odi.org.uk/publications/7295-progress-governance-post-2015-millennium-development-goals-mdgs
  17. ^ Rio+20 Sustainable Development Summit, United Nations Development Programme, retrieved 4 February 2013.
  18. ^ Sustainable development goals, United Nations Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, retrieved 4 February 2013.
  19. ^ Helen Clark: “Our World in 2050: More Equitable and Sustainable – or Less?”, United Nations Development Programme, retrieved 4 February 2013.
  18. The High Level Panel on the Post-2015 Development Agenda: “A New Global Partnership: Eradicate Poverty and Transform Economies through Sustainable Development

External links[edit]