Graham Media Group
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2012)|
|Headquarters||Chicago, Illinois, USA|
|Area served|| United States
|Key people||Emily L. Barr, president|
|Parent||Graham Holdings Company|
Graham Media Group (formerly Post-Newsweek Stations) is the television broadcasting subsidiary of the Graham Holdings Company. It is now headquartered in Chicago, after being co-located for several years with its local NBC affiliate WDIV-TV in Detroit.
The origins of Graham Media can be traced to 1944, when the Washington Post began its broadcasting activities with its purchase of WINX radio in Washington. Four years later the newspaper's parent firm, the Washington Post Company, announced its intention to acquire controlling interest in a rival station, WTOP radio from CBS. The two firms formed a joint venture known as WTOP Incorporated, with the Post holding 55 percent and CBS maintaining the balance (45 percent). The Post sold wholly owned WINX but retained its FM adjunct WINX-FM, which became the original WTOP-FM when the sales became final in 1949. In 1950 WTOP Inc. purchased WOIC, Washington's CBS television affiliate, and changed that station's call letters to WTOP-TV. This Post-CBS joint venture is the direct predecessor of Graham Media Group.
CBS was forced by the Federal Communications Commission to sell its remaining interest in WTOP Inc. in 1954. The Post then merged its Washington stations with recently purchased WMBR-AM-TV in Jacksonville, Florida and changed the company's name to Post Stations, Inc. WMBR radio was later sold off (it is now WQOP); the Post then changed WMBR-TV's calls to WJXT. The company was rechristened as Post-Newsweek Stations, Inc. name after the Post acquired Newsweek magazine in 1961.
Post-Newsweek made its first purchase in 1969, with the acquisitions of WCKY radio in Cincinnati and WLBW-TV in Miami; the TV outlet was renamed WPLG after the former Washington Post publisher Philip Graham, who committed suicide in 1963. WTOP-FM in Washington was donated to Howard University in 1971 and became WHUR-FM soon after. In 1974, the company added WTIC-TV in Hartford, Connecticut, changing its calls to WFSB upon taking over.
In the wake of a panic swap of WTOP-TV (now WUSA) to the (Detroit) Evening News Association for its WWJ-TV (now WDIV) in 1978, followed by the sale of both radio stations later in the year, the Post decided to spin off their broadcasting interests into a company of its own. The Post-Newsweek name itself would later spread to the Post-owned cable operations (now known as Cable One and a company identical in structure to Post-Newsweek Stations).
Post-Newsweek nearly expanded to seven stations in 2008, when it offered to purchase NBC-owned WTVJ, creating a duopoly with WPLG. The sale was cancelled however, due to lack of FCC approval and poor economic conditions at that time, along with local reaction against media consolidation.
2013-present: Graham Holdings era
The Post-Newsweek Stations group was not involved in the sales of Newsweek to Sidney Harman in August 2010, and of the Washington Post to Jeff Bezos in October 2013, after which the Washington Post Company was re-named Graham Holdings Company.
In March 2014, Graham Holdings announced that it would sell WPLG to Berkshire Hathaway, in exchange for a large majority of Berkshire Hathaway's shares in Graham Holdings. Berkshire Hathaway and its chairman, Warren Buffett, had been longtime stockholders in the company. The acquisition closed on June 30, 2014; Graham Holdings continues to operate the station under a two-year transitional agreement.
Despite being no longer co-owned with either the Washington Post or Newsweek, Graham's station group continued to operate under the Post-Newsweek name until July 28, 2014, when it was announced that it would be renamed Graham Media Group.
Stations are arranged in alphabetical order by state and city of license.
|City of License / market||Station||Channel
|Owned Since||Primary affiliation|
|Orlando - Daytona Beach - Melbourne||WKMG-TV||6 (26)||1997||CBS|
|San Antonio||KSAT-TV||12 (12)||1994||ABC|
|City of License / market||Station||Channel
|Years Owned||Current Ownership Status|
|Hartford - New Haven||WFSB||3 (33)||1974–1997||CBS affiliate owned by Meredith Corporation|
|Washington, D.C.||WTOP-TV 1||9 (9)||1950–1978||CBS affiliate, WUSA, owned by Gannett Company|
|Miami - Fort Lauderdale||WPLG 2||10 (10)||1969–2014||ABC affiliate owned by BH Media
(see note below)
- 1 Co-owned with CBS until 1954 in a joint venture (55% owned by the Post, 45% owned by CBS);
- 2 WPLG's broadcast license is held by BH Media, a subsidiary of Berkshire Hathaway; Graham Media Group operates this station under a transitional services agreement.
|AM Stations||FM Stations|
|City of License/market||Station/
|Years owned||Current status|
|Washington, D.C.||WTOP–1500 2
|1949–1978||owned by Hubbard Broadcasting|
|1949–1971||owned by Howard University|
|1953–1958||owned by Queen of Peace Radio|
|Cincinnati||WCKY–1530||1969–1976||owned by Clear Channel Communications|
Call letter meanings
The call letters of several Graham stations are symbolic of persons who have had associations with The Washington Post and Graham Holdings:
- WPLG: Phillip L. Graham, former publisher of the Post who died in 1963.
- WKMG: Katharine Meyer Graham, widow of Phillip Graham who would take his place as head of The Washington Post Company.
- WFSB: Frederick Scott Beebe, former president of Post-Newsweek Stations, later chairman of the Post Company from Philip Graham's death until his own in 1973.
- "Emily Barr leaves ABC 7 on top — but doesn’t go far". Time Out Chicago. 8 May 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
- "Breaking News: Post Newsweek Backs Out of WTVJ Deal". SFL.tv.com. 23 December 2008. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
- Ahrens, Frank (August 3, 2010). "Harman Media buys Newsweek from Washington Post Co. for Undisclosed Amount". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
- Farhi, Paul (1 October 2013). "The Washington Post closes sale to Amazon founder Jeff Bezos". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
- Wilgoren, Debbi. "Washington Post Co. Renamed Graham Holdings Company to Mark Sale of Newspaper." Washington Post. November 18, 2013. Accessed 2013-11-18.
- "Warren Buffett Buys Post-Newsweek's WPLG". TVNewsCheck. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Application For Consent To Transfer Control Of Entity Holding Broadcast Station Construction Permit Or License", CDBS Public Access, Federal Communications Commission, Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- Consummation Notice, CDBS Public Access, Federal Communications Commission, Retrieved 2 July, 2014.
- Graham Holdings and Berkshire Hathaway Complete Deal for Berkshire Hathaway to Acquire WPLG-TV, Press Release, Graham Holdings Company, 1 July, 2014, Retrieved 2 July, 2014.
- "Washington Post's former TV arm changes name to Graham Media Group". Chicago Tribune. 28 July 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.