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Post-capitalism includes a number of proposals for a new economic system to replace capitalism. According to some Classical Marxist and some social evolutionary theories, post-capitalist society may come about as a result of spontaneous evolution as capitalism becomes obsolete. Others propose models to intentionally replace capitalism (see: Technological utopianism and Reformism). The most notable among them are:
- Anarchist communism, a hybrid of communism and anarchism advocating (among others) abolition of the state, common ownership of the means of production and decision making by direct and/or consensus democracy.
- Post scarcity anarchism, an economic system based on social ecology, libertarian municipalism, and an abundance of fundamental resources.
- Anarcho-syndicalism, an ideology centred on self-management of labour, socialism and direct democracy.
- Socialism, an economic system based on public or cooperative ownership of the means of production where production is carried out to directly produce use-value, that includes a moneyless form of accounting such as physical resource accounting or labor-time, and based on the direct production of utility rather than on the capitalist laws of accumulation and value. Some models of socialism imply economic planning for the allocation of the factors of production in place of capital markets, while other models of socialism retain market-based allocation of capital goods.
- Planned socialism, a type of socialism where some form of economic planning substitutes markets for allocating the factors of production and for coordinating the economy. There are various types of planning, including central planning and decentralized planning; material balance planning, input-output planning and computerized planning.
- Market socialism, a type of socialism based on socialization and public or cooperative ownership of the means of production, but retains monetary calculation and market competition and utilizes markets as the primary way of allocating the factors of production.
- Cooperative economics, an economic system based on worker cooperatives. Related ideas include mutualism and guild socialism.
- Participatory economics, an economic system that uses participatory decision making as an economic mechanism to guide the allocation of resources and consumption in a given society.
- Communalism, a political theory based on the writings of Murray Bookchin. Bookchin developed Communalism after he broke with anarchism believing it to be individualist and lifestylist. It is based on libertarian municipalism, confederalism, and social ecology.
- Economic democracy, a socioeconomic philosophy that retains a market economy, but establishes democratic control of firms by their workers, and social control of investment by a network of public banks.
- Albert, Michael. Parecon: Life After Capitalism. London: Verso, 2003.
- Ankerl, Guy C. Beyond Monopoly Capitalism and Monopoly Socialism: Distributive Justice in a Competitive Society. Cambridge MA: Schenkman, 1978
- Shutt, Harry (2010). Beyond the Profits System: Possibilities for the Post-Capitalist Era. Zed Books. ISBN 978-1848134171
- Steele, Ramsay Steele (1999). From Marx to Mises: Post-Capitalist Society and the Challenge of Economic Calculation. Open Court. ISBN 978-0875484495
- The Associative Economy: Insights beyond the Welfare System and into Post-Capitalism