Postage stamps and postal history of British Guiana
A privately run packet service for mail existed in British Guiana in 1796, and continued for a number of years. Postage stamps of Britain were used in those days at Georgetown (Demerara) and Berbice. The first adhesive stamps produced by British Guiana were issued in 1850.
British Guiana is famous among philatelists for its early postage stamps, some of them considered to be among the rarest, most expensive stamps in the world. These include the unique British Guiana 1c magenta from 1856, which sold in 1980 for close to $1 million.
The London government established an inland postal system on 1 July 1850, but postage stamps had not yet been produced. The postmaster in Georgetown went to the local newspaper, the Royal Gazette, where he had them print imperforate stamps in the form of an outline circle, with "BRITISH GUIANA" inside the rim, and a denomination, from 2c to 12c, in the middle. The printing was in black, on different colors of paper depending on the denomination. These became known as the "Cottonreels" because of their circular shape, like the labels on spools of cotton, and are quite rare.
The first issue from London eventually came, in 1852. It was a very simple typeset design depicting a sailing ship and the colony's motto (misspelled) DAMUS PATIMUS QUE VICISSIM ("we give and expect in return"). These, also, are quite rare. Better stamps from London showed up in 1853, engraved and correctly inscribed, using PETIMUS instead.
The numbers were apparently insufficient, and in 1856 the postmaster had new 1c and 4c issues printed locally, crudely typeset and imitating the design of the London stamps, motto and all. These are among the rarest of all stamps. The British Guiana 1c magenta is considered to be the rarest, as only one copy is known to exist.
Another shipment of stamps showed up in 1860, but difficulties were not over yet: locally printed stamps were needed again in 1862 and 1882. After that, stamps were reliably available.
In 1898 a pictorial commemorative was issued for Queen Victoria's Jubilee, depicting Mount Roraima and Kaieteur Falls, and another in 1931 commemorating the 100th anniversary of the colony's formation. Additional regular pictorial series, depicting local scenes and industries, came out in 1934, 1938, and 1954, as well as the usual omnibus issues of the Commonwealth.
A set of three stamps issued in 1961 commemorated self-government. In 1964 a set was issued commemorating the 1964 Summer Olympics held in Tokyo.
In 1966 the country achieved independence from the United Kingdom, and changed its name to Guyana. Later stamps were issued by Guyana.
References and sources
- W.A. Townsend and F.G. Howe, Postage Stamps and Postal History of British Guiana, London, Royal Philatelic Society (August 1970) ISBN 0-900631-01-5
- Proud, Ted. The Postal History of British Guiana. Proud-Bailey Co. Ltd., 2000. ISBN 1-872465-26-9
- L. N. Williams, "British Guiana's Cottonreels", Encyclopedia of Rare and Famous Stamps, v.I, pp.13-23. David Feldman (1992)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stamps of British Guiana.|