Postage stamps and postal history of Croatia

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Croatian stamp issued in 1943

This is a survey of the postage stamps and postal history of Croatia.

Prior to 1918, Croatia, including Slavonia, was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and beginning in 1850 with the introduction of postage stamps, the stamps of the empire were used. In 1871, after the Croatian–Hungarian Settlement, the new stamps of the Kingdom of Hungary were used, except in Dalmatia which continued to use Austrian stamps. In 1918, as part of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (SHS), Croatia overprinted the existing stocks of Hungarian stamps, with "Hrvatska SHS". In 1919 they printed their own stamps with "Hrvatska" (Croatia) as the country name, some of which also included an "SHS".[1] These were used until 1921, when the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, later Yugoslavia, began issuing stamps for use throughout the kingdom.[2]

With the establishment of the Independent State of Croatia in 1941, the new government first overprinted existing stocks of Yugoslav stamps with "Nezavisna Drzava Hrvatska",[3] and then printed its own that same year. With the fall of the Croatian government in 1945, Croatian stamps were overprinted with a star and "Jugoslavia" or a star and "Demokratska Federativna", but were soon replaced by the new stamps of Yugoslavia beginning with the Marshal Tito stamps of 1945.[4]

With the resumption of independence in 1991, the Republic of Croatia again reinstated the Croatian Post, with the first new postage stamp being an airmail issued 9 September 1991,[5] and with the first new regular postage stamp being issued on 21 November 1991.[6] However, on 1 April 1991 Croatia had issued a postal tax stamp, required on all mail during the month of April 1991, with the tax payable to the State's Worker’s Fund.[7] The stamp was affixed alongside the regular Yugoslav postage stamps which paid the transmittal fees.[8]

Croatia joined the Universal Postal Union on 20 July 1992,[9] and was an initial participating country in the WADP Numbering System.[10]

Rijeka[edit]

In 1918 with the break up of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Rijeka was disputed between Italy and the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. For a very short time, overprinted Hungarian stamps were used, but in 1919 Italian irredentists established the Italian Regency of Carnaro which issued its own stamps. These were replaced by the stamps of Italy on 21 March 1924, following the Treaty of Rome between Italy and Yugoslavia.[11]

Dalmatia[edit]

Austrian stamp used in Zadar

Before World War I, the stamps of Austria wereused in Dalmatia. Some parts of Dalmatia were occupied by Italy during World War I, and used Italian stamps. In 1919 Italy printed special stamps for these Dalmatian territories.[12] In 1920, this occupation was confirmed by the Treaty of Rapallo, including the annexation of Zadar to Italy.[12] Following which Italian stamps were used. After the 1943 surrender of Italy to the Allies in World War II these former Italian parts of Dalmatia were occupied by German troops and Italian stamps were overprinted by German authorities for use. After troops under Marshall Tito took these areas, the stamps of Yugoslavia were used.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Scott (2008) "Yugoslavia: Croatia-Slavonia" Scott 2009 Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue Volume 6 (165th edition) Scott Publishing Co., Sidney, Ohio, page 1094. ISBN 978-0-89487-422-2
  2. ^ Scott (2008) "Yugoslavia: General Issues" Scott 2009 Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue Volume 6 (165th edition) Scott Publishing Co., Sidney, Ohio, page 1096. ISBN 978-0-89487-422-2
  3. ^ Scott (2008) "Croatia" Scott 2009 Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue Volume 2 (165th edition) Scott Publishing Co., Sidney, Ohio, page 564. ISBN 978-0-89487-418-5
  4. ^ Scott #160-171 Scott (2008) "Yugoslavia: Issues for Federal Republic" Scott 2009 Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue Volume 6 (165th edition) Scott Publishing Co., Sidney, Ohio, page 1097. ISBN 978-0-89487-422-2
  5. ^ "Zagreb - Dubrovnik Airmail Route". Hrvatska Pošta (Croatia Post). Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. 
  6. ^ Scott (2008) "Croatia" Scott 2009 Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue Volume 2 (165th edition) Scott Publishing Co., Sidney, Ohio, page 565. ISBN 978-0-89487-418-5
  7. ^ Scott (2008) "Croatia: Postal Tax Stamps" Scott 2009 Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue Volume 2 (165th edition) Scott Publishing Co., Sidney, Ohio, page 583. ISBN 978-0-89487-418-5
  8. ^ Ciceran, Marisa. "The History and Thematics of Croatian Postage Stamps". Istria Net. 
  9. ^ "Croatia". Universal Postal Union. 
  10. ^ "Participating countries or territories". World Association for the Development of Philately (WADP) and the Universal Postal Union (UPU). 
  11. ^ Scott (2008) "Fiume" Scott 2009 Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue Volume 2 (165th edition) Scott Publishing Co., Sidney, Ohio, page 1164. ISBN 978-0-89487-418-5
  12. ^ a b Stiles, Kent B. (1931). Geography and stamps. New York: Whittlesey House (McGraw-Hill). p. 130. OCLC 1459802. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Barling, Geoff. The Postal Rates of Croatia and Srem. Rochester, Kent: Geoff Barling, 1999
  • Rommerskirchen, Helmut. Erganzungen zum Handbuch der Briefmarkenkunde; Heft 47. Kroatien 1941-1945. Cologne: Arbeitsgemeinschaft Jugoslawien im BDPh, 1985 69p.
  • Rommerskirchen, Helmut. Manual of Independent State of Croatia Issues 1941-1945 - Nezavisna Drzava Hrvatska. Borger, TX.: Croatian Philatelic Society, 1986 107p.
  • Vilfan, Mladen. Privremena izdanja Hrvatske i Bosne i Hercegovine 1945 = Provisional issues, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina 1945. Zagreb: OBOL-NAKLADA, 2006 ISBN 978-953-63880-8-0 224p.

External links[edit]