Postage stamps and postal history of Somalia
The northern part of Somalia was under British control until the Italian and British areas were unified as the Somali Republic in 1960. Stamps were issued for the British area first as British Somaliland and later the Somaliland Protectorate.
The eastern part of the country was under Italian control, except during and immediately after World War II, until unification in 1960 and stamps were issued for Italian Somaliland.
Republic of Somalia
The British and Italian areas were unified and became independent in 1960 as the Republic of Somalia and the first stamps of that country were issued on 26 June 1960.
Somali civil war
The postal infrastructure of Somalia was completely destroyed during the Somali Civil War (1991 to c. 2010) with no official international service and Somali residents relying on private couriers and the internet to send messages.
Post civil war reconstruction
As far as is known, no postage stamps have been issued by the Somali government. All recent stamps marked Somali Republic are believed to be illegal stamps.
Formed in 2004, the Somali Transitional Federal Government began preparations to revive the national Somali Postal Service (Somali Post). The government's overall reconstruction plan for Somali Post is structured into three Phases spread out over a period of ten years. Phase I will see the reconstruction of the postal headquarters and General Post Office (GPO), as well as the establishment of 16 branch offices in the capital and 17 in regional bases. As of March 2012, the Somali authorities have re-established Somalia's membership with the Universal Postal Union (UPU), and taken part once again in the UPU's affairs as well as liased with other UN agencies. They have also rehabilitated the GPO in Mogadishu, and appointed an official Postal Consultant to provide professional advice on the renovations. Phase II of the rehabilitation project involves the construction of 718 postal outlets from 2014 to 2016. Phase III is slated to begin in 2017, with the objective of creating 897 postal outlets by 2022.
In December 2012, Minister of Information, Posts and Telecommunications, Abdullah Elmoge Hirsi, announced that Somalia's new Federal Government plans to officially re-launch the Somali Postal Service in 2013.
- Rossiter, Stuart & John Flower. The Stamp Atlas. London: Macdonald, 1986, pp.281-2. ISBN 0-356-10862-7
- Stanley Gibbons Stamp Catalogue Part 14 Africa since Independence N-Z. 1st edition. London: Stanley Gibbons, 1981, pp. 90-100. ISBN 0852591810
- Reconstruction of Somalia Post, Presentation to the U.P.U., Berne, Somali Ministry of Information, Posts and Telecommunications, 2 March 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2012. Archived here.
- "Somalia to revive its Postal cooperation next year, says minister". Bar-kulan. 10 December. Retrieved 11 December 2012.
- Bianchi, Paolo. Storia dei servizi postali della Somalia Italiana dalle origini al 1941: con catalogo dei francobolli degli annullamenti = The postal history of Italian Somaliland to 1941, with a catalogue of the cancellations. Vignola: Edizioni Vaccari, 1992 ISBN 88-85335-04-7 302p.
- Circolo Filatelico della Somalia. I francobolli della Somalia emessi dall'Amministrazione Fiduciaria Italiana. Mogadishu: Circolo Filatelico della Somalia, 1955 24p.
- Migliavacca, Giorgio. The stamps of Somalia and their story: the first monograph in English entirely devoted to the stamps of a former Italian colony. St. Thomas: Laurel Publications International, 1996 112p.
- Sirotti, Luigi and Nuccio Taroni. Le Occupazioni Britanniche Delle Colonie Italiane 1941-1950: storia postale = Postal History of the British Occupation of Italian Colonies 1941-1950. Rome: Sassone S.R.L., 2006 363p.