Postville, Iowa

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Postville, Iowa
City
Motto: Hometown to the World[1]
Location of Postville, Iowa
Location of Postville, Iowa
Coordinates: 43°5′6″N 91°34′10″W / 43.08500°N 91.56944°W / 43.08500; -91.56944Coordinates: 43°5′6″N 91°34′10″W / 43.08500°N 91.56944°W / 43.08500; -91.56944
Country  United States
State  Iowa
Counties Allamakee, Clayton
Township Post
Settled June 1843
Incorporated March 11, 1873
Area[2]
 • Total 2.11 sq mi (5.46 km2)
 • Land 2.11 sq mi (5.46 km2)
 • Water

0

< sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,181 ft (360 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 2,227
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 2,186
 • Density 1,055.5/sq mi (407.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 52162
Area code(s) 563
FIPS code 19-64290
GNIS feature ID 0460373
Website http://www.cityofpostville.com

Postville is a city in Allamakee and Clayton Counties in the U.S. state of Iowa. It lies near the junction of four counties and at the intersection of U.S. Routes 18 and 52 and Iowa Highway 51, with airport facilities in the neighboring communities of Waukon, Decorah, Monona, and Prairie du Chien. The population was 2,227 at the 2010 census, down from 2,273 The city is located in the southwestern corner of Allamakee County and the northwestern corner of Clayton County in a quad county or four corner region where four counties meet in the same spot. Winneshiek County is just to the west, and Fayette County is located just to the southwest of Postville.

History[edit]

Postville was platted in 1853.[5] It was named for Joel Post, a pioneer settler.[6]

The population of Postville was predominantly German and Norwegian for much of its existence. In 1987, a group of Hasidic Jews of the Lubavitch movement purchased a non-Kosher slaughterhouse,[7] refurbished it according to Jewish law, and named the facility Agriprocessors, which filed for bankruptcy on November 5, 2008 following a series of alleged violations of labor law and repeated accusations of mistreatment of cattle. The facility was raided by the federal government in 2008, resulting in hundreds of arrests and disruption to the community.[8]

The interaction of long-time Postville residents with newcomers was the subject of a book about the town, Postville: A Clash of Cultures in Heartland America, by Stephen Bloom, a professor at University of Iowa.

A more recent book about the community and its experience with diversity before and after the May 2008 federal immigration raid is Postville USA: Surviving Diversity in Small-Town America by Mark Grey, Michele Devlin, and Aaron Goldsmith.

Postville was also the boyhood home of 1946 Nobel laureate John R. Mott.

Geography[edit]

Postville's longitude and latitude coordinates
in decimal form are 43.085102, -91.569515.[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.11 square miles (5.46 km2), all of it land.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop.   ±%  
1880 732 —    
1890 884 +20.8%
1900 984 +11.3%
1910 952 −3.3%
1920 1,039 +9.1%
1930 1,060 +2.0%
1940 1,194 +12.6%
1950 1,343 +12.5%
1960 1,554 +15.7%
1970 1,546 −0.5%
1980 1,475 −4.6%
1990 1,472 −0.2%
2000 2,273 +54.4%
2010 2,227 −2.0%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 2,227 people, 744 households, and 497 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,055.5 inhabitants per square mile (407.5 /km2). There were 902 housing units at an average density of 427.5 per square mile (165.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.0% White, 4.4% African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.7% Pacific Islander, 14.3% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 32.0% of the population.

There were 744 households of which 40.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.2% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.54.

The median age in the city was 30.2 years. 32.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.6% were from 25 to 44; 18.4% were from 45 to 64; and 14.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.4% male and 49.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 2,273 people, 792 households, and 548 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,093.6 people per square mile (421.9/km²). There were 824 housing units at an average density of 396.5 per square mile (153.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.59% White, 0.62% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 17.03% from other races, and 2.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.63% of the population. Estimates of the Hasidic population range from 150 (American Jewish Year Book) to more than 300.

There were 792 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.17.

Age spread: 25.7% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 100.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,667, and the median income for a family was $40,125. Males had a median income of $22,083 versus $16,596 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,264. About 9.4% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Postville's growth during the last 15 years has been due to the presence of two large meat processing plants, Agriprocessors and Iowa Turkey Products. Agriprocessors, the kosher meat plant, is the largest of its type in the world, which as of February 2008 employed about 900 people and purchased $100 million worth of livestock annually. In May 2008, Agriprocessors was the target of a federal Immigration and Customs Enforcement raid.[11] Subsequently, a criminal complaint was filed against Agriprocessors and its principal for alleged violations of child labor laws.[12]

Iowa Turkey Products, which burned in December 2003, was another major employer in the community. The plant has since rebuilt in Marshall, Minnesota. Postville is also the home of a plastics factory, Norplex. The Norplex factory produces laminated plastics plate, sheet, and profile shapes and as of 2007 employs between 150 to 200 workers.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.cityofpostville.com/
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  5. ^ Alexander, W. E. (1882). History of Winneshiek and Allamakee Counties, Iowa. Western Publishing Company. p. 398. 
  6. ^ Ellery M. Hancock (1913). Past and Present of Allamakee County, Iowa: A Record of Settlement, Organization, Progress and Achievement. S. J. Clarke publishing Company. p. 477. 
  7. ^ "Kosher slaughterhouse owners surrounded by scandal." Los Angeles Times, August 4, 2008
  8. ^ Immigration Raid Jars a Small Town. Washington Post, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/05/17/AR2008051702474_2.html
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ "Postville Raid". Wikipedia. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  12. ^ Mayor: Feds turned my town 'topsy turvy'
  13. ^ "CORTERA-NORPLEX OAK INC.". Cortera, Inc. Retrieved April 22, 2011. 

External links[edit]