|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||415.09 g/mol|
|Solubility in water||0.93 g/100 mL (16 °C)
5.3/100 mL (100 °C)
|EU classification||Toxic (T)
|R-phrases||R25, R41, R42, R43|
|S-phrases||S23, S24, S26, S37|
|Other anions||Potassium hexachloroplatinate|
|Other cations||Sodium chloroplatinate|
| (what is: / ?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Potassium tetrachloroplatinate(II) is the chemical compound with the formula K2PtCl4. This reddish orange salt is an important reagent for the preparation of other coordination complexes of platinum. It consists of potassium cations and the square planar dianion PtCl42-. Related salts are also known including Na2PtCl4, which is brown-colored and soluble in alcohols, and quaternary ammonium salts, which are soluble in a broader range of organic solvents.
Potassium tetrachloroplatinate is prepared by reduction of the corresponding hexachloroplatinate salt with hydrazine. K2PtCl4 is one of the salts that is most easily obtained from platinum ores. The complex is appreciably soluble only in water. Treatment with alcohols, especially in the presence of base, causes reduction to platinum metal. Conversion to organic salts, such as [PPN]2PtCl4 are soluble in chlorocarbons. 
The chloride ligands on [PtCl4]2- are displaced by many other ligands to afford derivatives:
- PtCl42− + 2 PPh3 → cis-PtCl2(PPh3)2 + 2 Cl−
- PtCl42− + 2 NH3 → cis-PtCl2(NH3)2 + 2 Cl−
Historically, an important reaction involves ammonia and [PtCl4]2-. This reaction affords a deep green precipitate with the formula PtCl2(NH3)2. This material, known as Magnus' green salt, is a semiconducting coordination polymer consisting of chains of alternating [PtCl4]2- and [Pt(NH3)4]2+ centres.
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- Elding, L. I.; Oskarsson, A.; Kukushkin, V. Yu (1997). "Platinum Complexes Suitable as Precursors for Synthesis in Nonaqueous Solvents". Inorg. Synth. 31: 276–279. doi:10.1002/9780470132623.ch47.
- Scott D. Cummings, Richard Eisenberg (1995). "Acid-Base Behavior of the Ground and Excited States of Platinum(II) Complexes of Quinoxaline-2,3-dithiolate". Inorg. Chem. 34 (13): 3396–3403. doi:10.1021/ic00117a005.
- Ahmadi, T. S.; Wang, Z. L.; Green, T. C.; Henglein, A.; El-Sayed, M. A. (1996). "Shape-Controlled Synthesis of Colloidal Platinum Nanoparticles". Science 272 (5270): 1924ff. doi:10.1126/science.272.5270.1924.
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