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Potato cake may refer to different preparations of potatoes.
In England, the term can refer to a patty of hashed potatoes, a kind of hash brown. These are available pre-made and frozen in supermarkets and are served by many restaurants, such as fast food stands, often as part of the breakfast menu. It can also refer to a sort of potato pancake.
In Australia and England deep fried potato cakes are commonly sold in fish and chip shops and takeaway food shops. In New South Wales, they are usually referred to as "scallops" or potato scallops, however the term "potato cakes" is used across the southern states of Victoria and Tasmania and known in South Australia as a potato fritter. The potato cake is also known as a potato pie in Western Australia, and both "potato scallop" and "potato fritter" are used in Queensland. In the ACT, potato cakes are more commonly referred to as "scallops" - a term more commonly used in the surrounding area.
Potato scallops originate from central England and are common in fish and chip shops there. This variant is normally a thick slice of potato, dipped in batter and fried, with no additional flavouring added except salt and vinegar. Hash browns, which are also widely available, are distinctly different. In New Zealand and Scotland, what are known as potato cakes in Australia are known as potato fritters and are of the same type as the English variant. They are very common in fish and chip shops and are often the cheapest item on the menu.
Scottish tattie scones and Lancashire potato cakes are made from mashed or reconstituted potato and flour and baked on a griddle. They are typically served fried with breakfast or as a snack with butter or margarine, although they are often served with other toppings such as baked beans, scrambled eggs, garlic butter or tomato ketchup.
Irish potato cakes
Irish potato cakes are typically made from mashed potato and flour or baking soda, and are usually fried. It differs from boxty as boxty is made of raw potatoes whereas potato cake is made from cooked potatoes. In Ireland, potato cakes are typically known as potato bread, or spid bread and are served in traditional breakfasts along with soda bread and toast.