A selection of Chiloé's ~400 native varieties of potatoes.
The Chiloé Archipelago is home to wide variety of potatoes. After the Titicaca region of Peru and Bolivia, it is the geographical nucleus where most different types of potatoes are found. Evidence ranging from historical records, local agriculturalists, and DNA analyses strongly supports the hypothesis that the most widely cultivated variety of potato worldwide, Solanum tuberosum tuberosum, is indigenous to Chiloé Archipelago and has been cultivated by the local indigenous people since before the Spanish conquest. Some local varieties include Camota, Cielo, Pachacoña, Cabrita, Chelina, Guadacho Colorada, Zapatona, Michuñe Azul, Huicaña and Ñocha.