The LeFlore County Courthouse is one of five sites in Poteau listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Location of Poteau, Oklahoma
|• Mayor||Jeff Shockley|
|• Total||31.7 sq mi (82.0 km2)|
|• Land||28.6 sq mi (74.2 km2)|
|• Water||3.0 sq mi (7.8 km2)|
|Elevation||489 ft (149 m)|
|• Estimate (2013)||8,590|
|• Density||270/sq mi (100/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1096874|
|Website||City of Poteau|
Poteau was founded in 1885. It was named from the Poteau River. A group of French explorers had given the river its present name during the early 18th Century. Poteau is a French word meaning outpost.
The Fort Smith and Southern Railway built a rail line through the Poteau area in 1886-1887, en route to Paris, Texas, including a station at Poteau. A Poteau post office opened in 1887. The Kansas City, Pittsburg and Gulf Railroad (acquired by the Kansas City Southern Railway in 1900) started serving the town in 1896. Poteau incorporated in 1898.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 31.7 square miles (82 km2), of which 28.6 square miles (74 km2) is land and 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), or 9.54%, is water. It is about 12 miles (19 km) west of the Oklahoma-Arkansas border.
The city is located in the valley below Cavanal Hill, the "World's Highest Hill."
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,939 people, 3,013 households, and 2,042 families residing in the city. The population density was 277.2 people per square mile (107.0/km²). There were 3,351 housing units at an average density of 117.0 per square mile (45.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 82.14% White, 2.24% African American, 10.00% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.39% from other races, and 3.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.82% of the population.
There were 3,013 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 12.8% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,178, and the median income for a family was $31,226. Males had a median income of $24,595 versus $20,625 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,175. About 19.3% of families and 22.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.8% of those under age 18 and 13.4% of those age 65 or over.
Poteau Public Schools include Poteau High School, Pansy Kidd Middle School, Poteau Upper Elementary School, and Poteau Primary School. Pansy Kidd Middle School is named for Pansy Kidd, who taught at Poteau for over 40 years and was nicknamed "Dean of Poteau's Teachers."
In 1955, Dr. John Montgomery, a black veterinarian from Poteau, petitioned the Poteau public school board to racially integrate its schools. The board approved the petition, resulting in the integration of the system and marking Poteau as the first city in Oklahoma to allow African Americans to attend school with white students in its primary and secondary schools.
Carl Albert State College is located in Poteau.
- Kenneth Corn - former Oklahoma State Senator and Oklahoma State Representative who was a candidate for Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma in 2010.
- Ron Fortner - radio and television anchor.
- Billy Hoffman - country music singer; raised in Poteau.
- Mick Thompson - current Oklahoma State Banking Commissioner and former Oklahoma State Representative.
- Andrew Welch - current guitarist for Thousand Foot Krutch and former guitarist for Disciple.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-29.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-29.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "History". City of Poteau, Oklahoma. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
- Harold Crain, "Poteau," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed March 20, 2015.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved August 28, 2014.
- "Welcome to Poteau Public Schools," Poteau Public Schools, accessed March 25, 2015.
- "History of Our School". Pansy Kidd Middle School. Retrieved 2008-09-20.
- Curtis, Gene. "Only in Oklahoma: Vet brought desegregation to 'Little Dixie'," Tulsa World, October 7, 2007. Accessed March 25, 2015.
- City of Poteau
- Poteau Chamber of Commerce
- Buckley Public Library
- Carl Albert State College
- Oklahoma Digital Maps: Digital Collections of Oklahoma and Indian Territory