Potomac Mills (Shepherdstown, West Virginia)

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Potomac Mills
Potomac Mills (Shepherdstown, West Virginia) is located in West Virginia
Potomac Mills (Shepherdstown, West Virginia)
Location River & Trough Rds., Shepherdstown, West Virginia
Coordinates 39°25′42″N 77°46′48″W / 39.42833°N 77.78000°W / 39.42833; -77.78000Coordinates: 39°25′42″N 77°46′48″W / 39.42833°N 77.78000°W / 39.42833; -77.78000
Built 1826 (1826)
NRHP Reference # 13001166[1]
Added to NRHP February 5, 2014

The Potomac Mills was a mill complex located along the Potomac River roughly .5 miles (0.80 km) downriver of Shepherdstown. Built in 1826, the complex was originally used as a gristmill. In 1829, the mill began producing cement for the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal's construction. The factory continued to produce cement after the canal opened, and it shipped its product along the canal to other cities. Flooding and drought conditions in the 1880s led the mill to reduce its operations, and by 1901 the mill closed permanently.[2]

The remaining buildings from the mill occupy an 18-acre (7.3 ha) site and are mostly in ruins. The buildings include the main mill building, several lime kilns, a headrace wall, and an office building. The stone foundation of the mill's dam, which extends across the river into Washington County, Maryland, is also still part of the site.[2] The mill site was added to the National Register of Historic Places on February 5, 2014.[1]


  1. ^ a b "Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 2/03/14 Through 2/07/14". National Park Service. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Landmark Nomination Report: Potomac Mills/Boteler's Cement Mill". Jefferson County Historic Landmarks Commission. Retrieved February 27, 2014.