Pottawatomie County, Oklahoma
|Pottawatomie County, Oklahoma|
Pottawatomie County Courthouse in Shawnee, Oklahoma
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Potawatomi people|
|• Total||793 sq mi (2,055 km2)|
|• Land||788 sq mi (2,040 km2)|
|• Water||5 sq mi (14 km2)|
|• Density||89/sq mi (34/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Pottawatomie County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 69,442. Its county seat is Shawnee. Pottawatomie County is part of the Shawnee Micropolitan Statistical Area and the Oklahoma City–Shawnee Combined Statistical Area.
Pottawatomie County was carved out of land originally given to the Creek and Seminole after their forced removal from Georgia and Florida. After the Civil War, the Creek and Seminole were forced to cede their lands back to the federal government, and the area of Pottawatomie County was used to resettle the Iowa, Sac and Fox, Absentee Shawnee, Potawatomi and Kickapoo tribes.
Non-Indian settlement began on September 22, 1891 when all the tribes except the Kickapoo agreed to land allotment, where communal reservation land was divided and allotted to individual members of the tribes. The remaining land was opened to settlement.
During the land run, Pottawatomie County was organized as County "B" with Tecumseh as the county seat. In 1892, the voters of the county elected to rename County "B" as Pottawatomie County after the Potawatomi Indians.
In 1895, the Kickapoo gave up their land rights and their land was given away to white settlers in the last land run in Oklahoma.
On May 19, 2013, during an outbreak of tornadoes, a mobile home park was nearly destroyed killing a 79-year-old man and injuring at least 6 others as well as damaging at least 35 structures. Frame homes in the neighborhood were also affected.
- Lincoln County (north)
- Okfuskee County (northeast)
- Seminole County (east)
- Pontotoc County (southeast)
- McClain County (southwest)
- Cleveland County (west)
- Oklahoma County (northwest)
As of the census of 2010, there were 69,442 people, 25,911 households, and 18,227 families residing in the county. The population density was 34/km² (88/mi²). There were 29,139 housing units at an average density of 14/km² (37/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.3% white, 2.9% black or African American, 12.9% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from other races, and 6.3% from two or more races. About 4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race, while 9% were of American, 17% German, 14% Irish and 10% English ancestry according to 2010 census. About 90.6% spoke English and 4.2% Spanish as their first language.
There were 25,911 households, out of which 34.5% included children under the age of 18, 51.9% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 29.7% were non-families. About a quarter of households consisted of a single individual and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the county, the population was spread out with 25% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $41,332, and the median income for a family was $50,399. Males had a median income of $39,580 versus $27,495 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,700. About 14% of families and 18% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.4% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.
|Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012|
|Party||Number of Voters||Percentage|
|2008||69.18% 17,753||30.82% 7,910|
|2004||66.59% 17,215||33.41% 8,638|
|2000||59.31% 13,235||39.27% 8,763|
Cities and towns
† Oklahoma City is mainly in Oklahoma County, but part of the city limits extends into Pottawatomie County.
Government and infrastructure
The following sites in Pottawatomie County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:
- Mullins, William H. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Pottawatomie County." Retrieved February 26, 2011
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Tornadoes hit Plains, Midwest; 1 dead in Okla.". USA Today. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11.
- "Pioneer Library System to buy Borders bookstore building in Norman". NewsOK. The Oklahoman. September 27, 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-25.
- "Mabel Bassett Correctional Center." Oklahoma Department of Corrections. Retrieved on November 22, 2010.