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Pollaphuca Reservoir
Taiscumar Pholl a' Phúca
Poulaphouca Reservoir, County Kildare - geograph.org.uk - 1807100.jpg
Pollaphuca Reservoir
Location County Wicklow
Coordinates 53°8′N 6°31′W / 53.133°N 6.517°W / 53.133; -6.517
Type Reservoir
Primary outflows River Liffey
Basin countries Ireland
Pollaphuca dam
Pollaphuca falls and bridge

Coordinates: 53°07′01″N 6°35′14″W / 53.11694°N 6.58722°W / 53.11694; -6.58722 Poulaphouca, officially Pollaphuca (Irish: Poll a' Phúca, meaning "the Púca's hole"),[1][2] is a townland in County Wicklow, Ireland, on the border with County Kildare. It is primarily known for its hydroelectric generating station and artificial lake, known as Poulaphouca Reservoir, Poulaphouca Lake, or Blessington Lake. The once famous Poulaphouca Waterfall has little water running over it any longer because of the hydroelectric project.


The reservoir at Poulaphouca has been designated as a Special Protection Area by the National Parks and Wildlife Service and is of international importance for its Greylag Goose population. The reservoir was created in the late 1930s and early 1940s by damming the River Liffey as part of a collaboration between the Electricity Supply Board and Dublin City Council to build a second hydroelectric station in Ireland while the reservoir could be used to supply water to the Dublin region.


A four and a half mile extension to the Dublin and Blessington Steam Tramway was built by the Blessington and Poulaphouca Steam Tramway, with its end-of-line terminus at Poulaphouca, and opened on May 1, 1895.[3][4] The line was closed in 1932. The ticket office still exists and is a private residence located on the eastern side of the N81 road, that formerly overlooked the Poulaphouca Waterfall on the River Liffey before the construction of the dam.

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