|Founded||October 19, 1848|
|• Mayor||Aguinaldo Perugini (PT)|
|• Total||545 km2 (210 sq mi)|
|Elevation||832 m (2,730 ft)|
|• Density||235.2/km2 (609/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (UTC-3)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-2 (UTC-2)|
Pouso Alegre is a municipality in southern region of Minas Gerais state, Brazil with a population of 142.000 (2013) The literacy rate is 94.2%. The area of the municipality is 541 km². It lies in the valley of the Sapucaí River.
Cities that form boundaries with Pouso Alegre are: Cachoeira de Minas, Santa Rita do Sapucaí, Careaçu, São Sebastião da Bela Vista, Estiva, Congonhal, São João da Mata and Silvianópolis.
The distance to the state capital, Belo Horizonte, is 385 km, to São Paulo 202 km, and to Rio de Janeiro 390 km. The city is 8 km. from the main interstate highway BR-391 (Rodovia Fernão Dias), which connects São Paulo to Belo Horizonte.
Pouso Alegre is an industrial center with industries in the food sector, textiles, and metallurgy. Many national and multinational enterprises have their plants here. Their activities include food (Unilever), clothing (Searchco), cars (Usiparts - Johnson Control's - Sumidenso), pharmaceuticals (Uniao Quimica, Sanobiol), glass (Sobral Invicta), and many other small and medium enterprises.
After discovering gold in the Santana's mines, they founded the new village called "Matosinho do Mandu", Pouso Alegre's first name. New paths were built to connect Pouso Alegre to other cities. These paths connected it to São Paulo and to Vila Rica.
In 1797 the Governor Dom Bernardo José de Lorena, Sarzedas Baron, passing by the small village became so enchanted by its nature, by "the vast and clean horizons", said "This village should not be called Mandu, but Pouso Alegre". In Portuguese, Pouso Alegre means "a nice stay".
The 2009 census of the city population was 131,462 inhabitants. The city is the nineteenth largest city in Minas Gerais and the second largest in southern Minas Gerais.
- 1996 - 94,354 inhabitants
- 2000 - 106,457 inhabitants
- 2010 - 140,658 inhabitants
The city of Pouso Alegre stands out in the region by high buildings found in its central region. The highest building in the city is building Octávio Meyer, with 70m and 20 floors. It has been the highest building since 2004, the year of its completion.
Pouso Alegre has more than 4,500 stores in its commercial area. The statistic is made by ACIPA in 2010. Some of the stores in the city are: Bob's, Chilli Beans, Colcci, Cia. Hering, Kaza Houseware, M.Officer, N-Store, OAK Shop.
Business and industry
The city is an important industrial center in the region. Several different kinds of industries are present in the city. In 2012 the city will receive the largest Chinese investment in Latin America, with the installation of heavy machinery industry, XCMG and 18 other industries have settled in the city between 2008 and 2012. Some of the industries in the city are: Unilever, Rexam, Alpargatas, and Yoki.
- Itajubá 65 km
- Santa Rita do Sapucaí (“Valley Electronics”) 25 km
- Poços de Caldas 100 km
- Varginha (Customs' station) 123 km
- São Paulo 200 km
- Santos (harbor) 260 km
- São José dos Campos 150 km
- Campinas (international airport) 200 km
- Guarulhos (international airport) 180 km
- Senador José Bento 32 km
- Belo Horizonte 384 km
- Rio de Janeiro 360 km
- Porto Alegre 1,300 km
- Salvador 1,790 km
- Recife 2,400 km
- Brasília 1,084 km
- "Lojas" [Shops]. SerraSul Shopping (in Portuguese).