Pow-Wow Oak Tree
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The Pow-Wow Oak is an historic tree located in the Belvidere neighborhood of Lowell, Massachusetts. This 300-year-old tree is believed to have served as a gathering place for pow wows held by the Native American Wamesit tribe. It is also said that Revolutionary War soldiers from New England traveled past the Pow-Wow Oak on their way to defend Lexington and Concord.
In the 1930s, the Molly Varnum Chapter of the Massachusetts Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) erected a sign next to the tree to commemorate the ancient oak and the Minute Men who passed by it while traveling through that Lowell neighborhood during the Revolutionary War.
In 2009, a grass-roots organization called the Pow-Wow Oak Protectors was formed to ensure the continued safety of the tree. In May 2012, local groups, including a current chapter of DAR and the Pow-Wow Oak Protectors, raised funds to have the tree's commemorative sign refurbished. The Pow-Wow Oak has also been recognized and preserved by the American Forests Historic Trees Program, and by the City of Lowell via the Pow Wow Oak Tree Preservation Covenant, which was recorded on March 12, 2012, at the Middlesex (North District) Registry of Deeds, Book 25799, Page 105.
On May 21, 2013 a large branch of the Pow-Wow Oak collapsed onto nearby Clark Road. The following day the decision was made to cut down the tree because extensive interior decay had compromised the tree and the safety of pedestrians and nearby motorists.
- "Historic Spot Marked - Pow Wow Oak in Clark Road Set Apart by Members of Molly Varnum Chapter," Lowell Sun, May 30, 1931.
- Massachusetts Daughters of the American Revolution, Bay State News, Volume 4, Fall Issue (August 2012), page 8.
- "Lowell group pushes to save historic oak" Lowell Sun (LowellSun.com), May 2, 2010
- "Preserving history: Pow Wow Oak Ceremony" Tewksbury Town Crier, October 8, 2012.
-  Painful Bough for Lowell's Pow-Wow Oak, Lowell Sun, May 22, 2013
-  Iconic Pow-Wow is felled, Lowell Sun, May 22, 2013
07. THE SAVING OF THE POW-WOW OAK by George Nicholas Koumantzelis, Founder - Pow-Wow Oak Protectors - https://www.facebook.com/notes/george-nicholas-koumantzelis/the-saving-of-the-pow-wow-oak/729195597115178
08. SAVE THE POW WOW OAK, AT WAMESIT!!! Facebook Page by Ed O'Keefe - https://www.facebook.com/groups/501300170083/
09. The Giving Tree: Pow-Wow Protectors help save historic Lowell oak - by Jennifer Myers, HOWL Magazine - http://www.howlmag.com/index.php/word-on-the-street/262-the-giving-tree
10. The Last Pow-Wow Oak - documentary (2011) - The Film - by Andrew Szava-Kovats - http://www.amazon.com/The-Last-Pow-Wow-Oak-documentary/dp/B0053IBSDC
11. The Last Pow-Wow Oak: a Documentary (2014) - The Book - by Andrew Szava-Kovats - http://www.amazon.com/Last-Pow-Wow-Oak-Documentary/dp/1496172388/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1395618322&sr=1-1&keywords=pow+wow+oak
12. The True Age Media page on the Pow-Wow Oak - http://trueagerecords.home.comcast.net/~trueagerecords/powwowoak.htm
13. The Indian Country Today page on the Pow-Wow Oak - http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2013/06/02/pow-wow-tree-no-longer-grows-lowell-149662
14. The Last Pow-Wow Oak Trailer page on YouTube - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nCCTn8PQEJo
15. The Lowell Sun Final Chapter video - http://www.lowellsun.com/news/ci_23305874/final-chapter-closes-historic-pow-wow-oak
16. The Last Pow-Wow Oak at Lowell Film Festival - http://lowellfilmcollaborative.org/2011/06/04/the-lowell-premiere-of-the-last-pow-wow-oak-an-historical-documentary-movie-june-18/
17. Last Pow-Wow Oak Trailer at Richard Howe.com - http://www.richardhowe.com/2011/04/19/trailer-the-last-pow-wow-oak-documentary/
18. The Greater Merrimack Valley Visitors Bureau site on the Pow-Wow Oak - http://www.merrimackvalley.org/page.php?wpage=home/citytown.htm&town=Lowell
19. The Native Strength site on the Pow-Wow Oak- http://nativestrength.com/2012/02/16/help-save-the-historic-pow-wow-oak-tree/
20. George Koumantzelis on YouTube with a 4-Part Video on saving the Pow-Wow Oak - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7EWWHE_xyS0
21. George Koumantzelis on YouTube on Patriots Day - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8snev9iZf3A
22. The Pow-Wow Oak Protectors on YouTube on Commemoration Day - Part One of Three Parts - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QDfzPw4vWyA